Memorie.al publishes an archival document with the initials “Top secret” issued by the Central State Archive (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), which belongs to September 1987, where is the discussion of Enver Hoxha held in the meeting of the secretariat of the Central Committee, where he spoke at length about Albania’s relations and relations with its two neighbors, Yugoslavia and Greece. The whole speech of the communist leader of Albania, where, after talking about the tasks assigned to the military units of the border with these two neighboring countries and the State Security for the surveillance of Kosovars who come as visitors to their people in Albania, as they could also be UDB agents, he dwelled for a long time on the treatment of the Albanian population in its native lands in Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo, by the Titoist regime of Belgrade, in the role of leadership of the Autonomous Province of Kosovo in the official relations of Albania with Yugoslavia, up to the relations with Greece, which were improving day by day!
“As with the people of Yugoslavia, so with the Greek people we want to live in friendship and brotherhood. The regimes in these two neighboring countries are, as is well known, capitalist. But, without ever losing vigilance, we pursue a fair, efficient policy with favorable results for our country. In these situations, which are conjunctural for the Yugoslavs and the Greeks, we must maintain well-thought-out attitudes, in order to benefit as much as possible from these conjunctures that have been created, especially with these two countries. A part of our nation is known to be located in Yugoslavia. There are great difficulties there and the oppression is fierce, as the Yugoslav revisionists are removed as Marxists-Leninists, disguised with this veil in the oppression they inflict on the Albanians there, who live in a double yoke. The Kosovar leadership in Yugoslavia, which is pro-Tito, spreads the slogan, according to which “if we have gained some rights and managed to make some improvements, even with the constitution, we have done it thanks to Tito, so you Albanians, understand our situation, understand the situation of your brothers, do not attack Tito, do not attack Yugoslavia, because you are ruining our work. These leaders, who express such demands on us, are Tito’s servants.
This was stated, among other things, by Enver Hoxha in his speech held at the meeting of the secretariat of the Central Committee of the ALP on September 27, 1978, where his main topic was relations with two neighboring countries, Yugoslavia and Greece. where, after talking about the tasks of the military units on the border with these two neighboring countries and the State Security for the surveillance of Kosovars who come as visitors to their people in Albania, as they could also be agents of the UDB , He spoke at length about the treatment of the Albanian population in its native lands in Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo, by the Titoist regime in Belgrade, the role of the leadership of the Autonomous Province of Kosovo in the official relations of Albania with Yugoslavia , and to relations with Greece, which were improving day by day! For more about this discussion of Enver Hoxha in the meeting of the secretariat of the Central Committee, let us know the document in question that is published for the first time and in full by Memorie.al
Enver Hoxha’s discussion at the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the ALP, on relations with Yugoslavia and Greece
“TO PROTECT THE BORDER, WE MUST CONTINUE TO WORK WITH PEOPLE”
Discussion at the meeting of the Secretariat of K.Q. of the ALP
September 27, 1978
I do not want to prolong, for reasons, that both from the reports given to us and from the discussions made by the comrades with whom I agree, the problem was dealt with well. I would like to point out the issue that beyond our border with Yugoslavia, in Kosovo, Montenegro and Macedonia live in their own lands more than one and a half million brothers of one blood. They, as we know, nurture the feelings of a deep love for Albania. In addition, we must keep in mind that many of those Albanians who live in areas very close to the border with our country, especially, have people close to them, in Albania, just as many of our people have relatives there, etc. Both parties are interested in keeping in touch with each other.
This is a problem which should make you, comrades of the Party committees of the frontier districts, go deeper and take it into study. Let no one think that solving this problem of great political importance is a task of only one or two officials of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Since this issue came out here, which has a great political importance for us, you, comrades of Tropoja, has not preoccupied you enough. Yes, you, comrades of the border districts, know that the ties of the Tropojans, the Kukës and the Dibrans are extremely close with the Kosovars and the Albanians of Macedonia. Do you know that someone has a sister there, a Kosovar or Dibrani has a sister or brother here, a father, a relative and so on, other close people?
Therefore, it is the duty of the Party committees to study this issue and draw conclusions from the comings and goings of Albanians across the border in their districts and from the conversations they have with our people, etc. A great political effect on those who come to us is made by the warm and fraternal reception by the Albanian hosts. This helps a lot that the friends who come to the homes of our people, love Albania, as we love that part of the Albanian people living in Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro, because all of them are sons of a mother. From conversations with newcomers, always in a patriotic way, our people should and can learn from them a lot about the methods and atrocities committed by Yugoslav revisionists, Serbian or Montenegrin chauvinists against all Albanians in all areas inhabited by Albanians.
First of all, we must learn, through these visits, about the moral and political situation that exists among the Albanians of Yugoslavia, about the patriotic spirit and the educational and cultural situation of the population of Albanian nationality and about the obstacles that are brought to that population in Yugoslavia. , for the blows and obstacles of whatever the Titoist revisionist power does to them, not to exercise even the few rights they have within that kind of constitution that is in force there. This work, comrades, belongs to the Party to do, and it is natural that you should do the same in your district. Then, constantly, you have to keep the people of the district informed about these problems, because in this way the vigilance of our people will be raised and sharpened, otherwise there is no way to understand these problems.
You, in addition to the constant work to fight against the micro-bourgeois waste that still exists in our people, against whom we must always be vigilant and try to clean it, must at the same time keep in mind and work that the inhabitants of the border areas of they are well aware of the difficult situation of our Kosovar brothers, from Dibra, etc., because, in fact, they suffer there, they live as in captivity. This condition must be clearly told to our people, who live here free and happy. From the conversations that our people have with them, in all cases, draw conclusions. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary that especially the people of the border areas, such as in Tropoja, Kukës, Peshkopi, etc., as well as in the South, in the area of ’Partizan’ or in other provinces, should be kept up to date. also, for the political situation in neighboring countries.
Just as it is imperative that, like all our people, the workers of the frontier provinces become clear on very important political and ideological issues, such as those raised in the Letter of the Central Committee of our Party and Government to the Chinese revisionists, as and for other important problems of this nature, they should also be made aware of the situation in Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, etc. This work should be done by the Party, and well done. In addition, as I said, our inhabitants of the respective border provinces of the North should be fully aware of the situation in which the Albanian brothers live in Yugoslavia. I emphasize this because I have the impression that our working masses in the border districts are not spoken to in this regard. This is just an impression, so I may even be wrong.
The point is that our people should be told what is happening in Kosovo, in Velika Dibra, in all of Macedonia, in Montenegro, how the Yugoslav revisionists are treating our brothers there, and so on. It is generally known that the Albanian population is treated badly, but the issue is to speak to them concretely, with facts and arguments of the time. Physically and materially we have nothing to do to help this large mass of the population, but through propaganda we must help to preserve the love for Albania, to preserve the language, customs, to fight for their rights, etc. We generally do this work, but further and convincing results can be achieved if we further improve our oral propaganda, noting well not only the successes of our country, etc., but also our great contradictions. ideological, political and economic that we have with the Titoists, talking about the ambitions of the Belgrade revisionists and their hostility against our country and against the Albanians living in their lands in Yugoslavia.
This is not at all an interference in the internal affairs of Yugoslavia. We do not say anything to the guests coming from there – how to fight, nor do we dictate what to do, because they know the situations themselves. We talk to them to strengthen their morals and patriotism, we talk to them about the unity of the entire Albanian nation, about the preservation of the language, traditions, about the unity between them, etc. Here, for example, when someone’s brother from Kosovo comes here and he tells them, the word comes, that the Albanians in Yugoslavia do not dare to speak, since in every corner there are UDB people eavesdropping, he has to be careful that these difficulties exist, but must be worked and fought to overcome them. Not to dare to speak out against injustices, despite the difficulties that exist there, is a defeatist policy, a policy of horror and fear that is deliberately spread by the UDB to reduce the patriotic spirit and resistance of Albanians for their rights.
Especially against the sold Albanian elements, which are put in the service of UDB, we should not be silent, but some brave people from the people should come forward, unmask them well in front of everyone and, how to give them a good shower, call on them not to become blind tools, not to do evil against Albanians. This will be an example to all those who have been blindly put in the service of the Tito regime. Of course, this work requires you to consider every sacrifice, because those who will do so, can be put in prison, but such a thing will make a fuss in the Albanian population, will exercise an extremely large influence on themselves the Yugoslav government not to increase repressive measures against Albanian patriots, who are in their own right. So, you should not remain passive against spies who seek to harm you. It is known that the situation for the Albanians of Yugoslavia is difficult, after a savage terror is exercised against them.
It is true that it is not easy to act in these difficult situations, but there must be more courage on the part of the Albanian population in Yugoslavia. And this courage, I am convinced, that Albanians have not lost, but they must act wisely and know when and in what case they must show their courage. We need to think better and deeper about this problem. To take a good look at the people who come to us from across the border, to try to enter their inner world, to know their spirit and feelings, why this work is of great value to us. We know who comes from Kosovo and who goes to visit, so especially with the hosts, a well-thought-out job should be done in advance by us, explaining to them about many problems that may arise and being also provided the necessary guidance for the propaganda work to be done with visitors. Thus, I think, the border line with us is strengthened.
The conclusions that the district party committee will draw from this work should be given to both the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Border Directorate, whose employees should not put them in their pockets, because they are not specific issues like the ones they follow. these bodies, but are propaganda, political and ideological problems. It is important that our border guards learn about the situation of Albanians across the border and increase vigilance. When we see that our brothers living there the Titoists do all that meanness to extinguish their patriotism, to weaken their pure feelings of love, the desire to strengthen the unity of the Tonki nation, etc., etc. then what can we expect from them but evil against our country?
Therefore, as I pointed out at the beginning, let us increase our vigilance, staying day and night with the pine eye and the target finger. The materials of the Party must be used to do a greater and more qualified work, political and ideological, to serve the increasing strengthening of the vigilance of our frontiers. For this purpose, with the border guards and all the inhabitants of the border provinces, it is necessary to constantly do a special educational work, so that they are aware of the moral-political and economic situation of the whole country, because on this basis the conviction will be strengthened. to properly perform the tasks related to border protection. The issue of not sleeping on the border is a physical issue, training, training, but it is also a political issue, because when our border guard sees the situation of the neighboring country with a realistic spirit, then he will strain all the forces his mental and physical and for no moment will fall asleep.
Of course, training with border guards should be done in such a way that they give positive results at work, but, to always stay vigilant, a major role is played, in the first place, by raising their political level. In order to protect the border from the enemies, we must work concretely and continuously with the people, to inform them, at any time and in any conjuncture, even about the situations, especially in the neighboring countries. Our border on the border with Greece, for example, should be clear and understand that currently our state’s relations with this country have improved, but this does not mean that he falls asleep when he is assigned to do the duty of guard. No, he must perform the service equally and always totally mobilized. He should know that in Greece there are also those who act against us.
But, for our border guard not to have in mind the policy that our Party currently pursues with that state, again it would be wrong. If in any case the Greek border guard in front of you smiles at our border guard, he must be both vigilant towards him, and correct, because he does this also because he knows that now the policy of the Greek government towards Albania has changed. At the border a specific policy is made, which is an integral part of the policy of our entire state, but currently our border guards cannot treat the Greek border guards the same as in the time of the government of Caldaris or Metaxas. Now the situation is different and our border guards must understand this and without making any concessions in performing their duties, without losing vigilance, the correct behavior with neighbors plays an important role in their work./Memorie.al
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