From Spartak Topollaj
-Stalin – Enver – bloody parallels of the red terror and why we Albanians know so little about the terrible crimes of these two dictators…?!
Memorie.al / The practical implementation of the communist ideas of Marx and Engels, even though they were at the peak of their activity as revolutionaries, philosophers and economists, it is known that it did not find ground in the short-lived Paris Commune (March 18 – May 28, 1871), while the anarchy-socialist ideas of Proudhon, Blank or Bakunin were also not supported and did not have popular support. Engels said that: The Commune of Paris was the grave of Proudhon’s socialist ideas! The fact that the teachings of the Communist Manifesto (1848) were not implemented, as well as the short time the Communards were in power (only 72 days, in Paris and 4-5 cities), were the reason that the Commune could not exercise extreme revolutionary violence proletarian! However, in their lifetime, the creators of the doctrine of Scientific Communism (which was never understood, where science stood in this doctrine), never got to see, even in a single country, the concrete implementation of the utopia of socialism, who, even when he was born, after the overthrow of the tsarist absolutism of the Romanov Dynasty in Russia, with the ‘October Revolution of 1917’, walked the criminal and bloody path of red Bolshevik terror!
Without trial, Tsar Nicholas II, the German Tsarina, daughters and 11-year-old son Alex, sick with hemophilia, and even doctor Botkin, son of the great Botkin, (personal physician of the two tsars), Alexander II and III, a scientist, who discovered what hepatitis (jaundice) was, and how to cure this disease, as well as accompanying staff, such as educator Demidova, head chef Charitonov, and head waiter Trupp, were mercilessly executed by the guards of red, muzhik and proletarian, commanded by the ignorant and stupid Bolshevik, Yakov Mihajlovich Yurovsky, on the ground floor of the Ipatyev House in Yekaterinburg, where they were kept isolated, definitely this, with the approval of Lenin, Sverdlov and Dzherzhinsky, on July 17, 1918.. .!
Lenin, Trotsky and the others, as soon as they came to the head of the state, took care to consolidate the authority of the Muzhiko-proletarian power of the Soviets with terror, so they paid special attention to the organs of the Dictatorship, especially the Secret Police!
The first to head the Secret Service of the Bolsheviks, paradoxically, became an idealistic revolutionary Polish aristocrat, Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinski, who was replaced only for a few months in 1918 by Jakov Peters, a low-profile apocalyptic character with a German-Hebrew surname about which very little is known…?!
Dzerzhinsky returns strongly the following month, to keep the function, this time plus the delicate Department of Communications, until he dies, before turning 50, of a heart attack, when he had just delivered a fiery speech against Trotskyist enemies, on July 20, 1926!
Incorruptible, tested in the prisons and exiles of the tsarist Ohrana, (whose inhuman methods of torture, having suffered himself, he perfected even further), pious to the point of self-denial, he was nicknamed “Iron Felix” who enjoyed the support and friendship of Lenin and after him, Stalin!
He was entrusted with the delicate and difficult task of creating and chairing, as early as December 20, 1917, what is known as CHEKA (complete VEÇEKA), an acronym in Russian, of the Extraordinary Pan-Russian Commission of War against Counter-Revolution and Sabotage!
He played a special role in the years of the Civil War (1917-1922) and foreign intervention, after the forced and forced Peace of Brest-Litovsk, in the defense of the Bolshevik power by any means!
Merciless, without any distinction, both towards the White Guards, (the White Army with the Tsarist generals and the Czechoslovak Legion of 60,000 soldiers, captives in Siberia), as well as the many opponents within the Party!
White tsarist generals, Kolchak and Kapel’ in Siberia,
Kornilov, Denikin, Wrangel and Kaledin in the South, Miller in the North and Yudenich in the North-West, were broken, with all the help of the West, leaving behind thousands of dead, while those who fell into the hands of the Reds, especially the Chekists, it is not shown what they removed!
A great role was also played by Lev Davidovich Trotsky, as Commissar for Foreign Affairs at first, and then until 1925, People’s Commissar for the Army and Navy, Commander-in-Chief of the Red Army, the second personality after Lenin!
On August 30, 1918, Lenin, as he was leaving a meeting with the workers of the “Mih’elson” Factory, was assassinated, even by a woman, the 28-year-old Jewish-Russian Fanny Efimovna Kaplan (real name Fejga K’haimovna Roytblat – Rojtman) and with the nicknames ‘Fanja’ or ‘Dora’, a revolutionary socialist who had suffered years of tsarist imprisonment and exile in Siberia, released in March 1917!
She hated Lenin, as the leader of the Bolsheviks, who considered the ESERs (revolutionary socialists) enemies, as well as the Mensheviks and even more, for submitting to and signing the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, which she considered a grave act of treason. !
Without his hand shaking at all, he fired three revolver bullets, one in the neck, the other in the left shoulder and the third, just pierced his hood! Lenin survived, but his health began to deteriorate, because he also suffered from venereal disease, which is why he and Krupskaya never had children?!
Fanny Kaplan, was caught and despite all the terrible tortures of the CHEKA beasts, to show the inspirer and collaborators, she did not implicate anyone, so on the evening of September 3, 1918, after the order of Sverdlov, (the same weeks ago you had ordered the execution of the Tsar’s family), with a bullet in the back of the head, they executed him!
Meanwhile, the CHEKA arrested thousands more, opponents of the new state and party regime, after the Decree on the implementation of the Red Terror, about 800 of whom were also executed! For a case like this, there would definitely be a lot of conspiracy theories, like the one that ordered the assassination was another woman, Lidia Konopleva, a revolutionary socialist with functions!
Fanny Kaplan also talks about Fanny Kaplan in her book “Woman in KATORGA” and the other outstanding revolutionary and activist (té né, almost unknown) Vera Figner, also nicknamed as ‘the beautiful Venus of the Revolution’! (Katorga were concentration camps, mainly in Siberia during the regime of the tsars, while the Bolshevik government called these GULAGs, described with his genius by Nobelist Solzhenitsyn)!
The economic situation of Russia after the Revolution and the First World War was catastrophic, so Lenin proposed “War Communism”, and then “NEP”, (Novaya Ekanjamičjeskaja Politika), which contained drastic and coercive measures, accompanied by punishments severe, up to mass executions!
The disobedient and “saboteurs” were punished with death. They were thousands, but their exact number will probably never be known! While Lenin’s health worsened, in the shadows, another figure, until then without any important role in the leadership, observed, eavesdropped and intrigued, cutting his way to the head of the Party, and then to Soviet power, a position for which, everyone agreed, that after Lenin, Trotsky would take them!
Uneducated (with an orthodox seminary), brutal and violent (even a bank robber), the Georgian bumpkin possessed, thanks to the theory of compensation, other skills, and thanks to these qualities, he made it through the years when the country was in Civil War and under Intervention foreigners, to be elected General Secretary of the Bolshevik Party!
In 1922, Lenin, half capable of leading the Party, wrote a letter to the leadership, which is still preserved today, that it was necessary to think about the gradual removal of Stalin from the post of General Secretary…?!
Enraged, as soon as he learned about the letter, Stalin took revenge on Krupskaya, who brought the letter, with the grave insult: and who asks you, my barren?! Stalin, this born master of intrigue, pragmatism, treacherous compromises, could have known well the ambitions for power of some of the leading leaders, such as: Zinoviev, Kamenyev, Bukharin, etc., and misused them, even though they were of Jewish origin, against Trotsky, also Jewish, but who, as we wrote before, seemed indisputable as a replacement for Lenin, who, sick as he was, who was powerless to influence, was even headed for extinction, which did not delay and came, on January 21, 1924!
Trotsky was gravely mistaken, while sleeping on his laurels, thinking that he was the inevitable replacement of Lenin and underestimated Stalin, who, for his part, had already made for himself more than half of the Politburo, and was preparing the ground to strike him Trotsky, while those who helped him for this, as well as many others, would have their turn later, as will be clarified below in this article!
In February 1929, after having dismissed him from all functions, preferring not to arrest him, because of the great authority he had, Stalin ordered Trotsky’s forced infiltration, i.e. his expulsion from the USSR, and then forced into train, they started for Istanbul! (In ancient Athens, banishment was the most severe punishment given!)
A merciless avenger, Stalin, after killing one of his sons in the Gulag and poisoning the other (the two daughters died, one by illness and the other by suicide), could not forgive Trotsky himself, whom he finally killed through an undercover agent. Soviet, Ramon Mercader, (Uncle of the great Italian actor and director, Vittorio de Sica), on August 20, 1940!
In Ukraine, granary as it is today, Stalin in the years 1932-1933, implemented the terrible HOLODOMOR, the mass death from hunger, of millions of people, which, only in 2008, the UN recognized as genocide and a crime against humanity?!
As has happened with all dictators, especially when they stay in power for a long time, they are gripped by the paranoia of losing it, which, due to the crimes they have committed, even against their closest relatives and close friends, turns everyone into Sleepless Macbeth! They want to know everything, they suspect everyone, even their wives, children, brothers, etc., not trusting anyone, even as we use it in Albanians, not even the shirt they were wearing…?! And here, Stalin occupies a place of “honor” in the GUINNESS book of records!
It was for this reason that Stalin, after ordering the spread of the network of spies of the political police, which has often changed its name (but not its methods, its misused leaders immersed in monstrous crimes), was physically eliminated as traitors. and criminals, precisely for the terrible crimes that they had committed under the orders of the despotic paranoid, the Red Tsar of the Kremlin (here we have a monozygotic twin resemblance between him and the Albanian chief criminal, the paranoid dictator, Enver Hoxha)!
All the heads of the secret political police, with the exception of the first, i.e. Dzherzhinsky, who died of a heart attack and the last Beria, who actually escorted Stalin to that world, (but he too had the fate of his predecessors, being executed by the clan Khrushov, Malenkov, Bulganin, Molotov, Zhukov), only a few months later (December 23, 1953), Stalin had executed one after the other!
The fate and end of Menzhinsky, Yagoda, Yezhov, but also of others, such as Merkulov, Abakumov, Ogoltsov, Fedorov, Kuznetsov and Malik was more or less the same! Stalin preferred to label as “Enemy Groups” and conspirators, all those he thought did not love him and threatened his absolute personal power!
He needed a strong alibi, to launch the big strikes, and the terrible PURGA (purge), so he thought and ordered to stage the assassination of Sergei Mironovich Kirov, the prominent and authoritative leader of the party in Leningrad, whom Stalin I am very afraid of him as a rival! Militant Leonid Vasilyevich Nikolaev, on December 1, 1934, at 4:30 p.m. on the third floor in front of his office door, in the famous Smolny Palace, in Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) became the material executor of the assassination!
Everything was personally taken care of by the terrible Yagoda, the terrible of the NKVD, this Yago of Stalin. Recognizing Nikolaev, the troubled young Komsomol with a file in the Secret Police (whose beautiful wife, Mil’da Draule, worked in Smolny), Jagoda’s agents put the sparks of jealousy in him, letting him imply that not by chance she was employed near Kirov…?!
After improvising a cause, Yagoda’s men detained Mikhail Borisov, Kirov’s personal guard, inside Smolny, paving the way for the assassin to shoot and kill the popular Bolshevik leader of Leningrad in the back with a ‘Nagant M. 1895′ pistol!
The assassin was blocked by Platanov, an electrician who was working there and happened to see everything! Borisov, since the day after the assassination, was being transported to investigate him on the “heavy responsibility”, in not saving the life of his boss; he was “accidentally” killed by a truck?!
This event was so important for Comrade “Koba” (Stalin’s nickname) that he, as only “Kobe” knew how to do, personally investigate the case, which ended with the execution of the assassin and several others, who were called “Hostile Group” – a total of 13 people!
Terrible was the end of Nikolajev’s entire family, all exterminated, including his 85-year-old mother, the beautiful Mild’a, even his cousins!
By killing Kirov, Stalin accomplished three goals: he eliminated a potential rival, he set an example that anyone who dared to rival him was killed, but he was declared a hero, and he opened the way for the Great Purge (cleansing with an iron broom) of those who even though , that Stalin ruled as a red despot!!!
First, Yagoda, who implemented Stalin’s scenario in detail, had to be eliminated. His deputy, Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov, by order of Koba, after taking his place, at the head of the NKVD, (predecessor of the KGB), arrested him and after some time, tried him, sentenced him to death and executed him!
The great purge was also called the Great Terror! This period in the Stalinist USSR was also known as “Yezhovchina”, from the name of the supermonster Yezhov, the sharp tip of the Soviet Damocles’ sword, Josif Visarionovic Dzhugashvili – Stalin, nicknamed KOBA!
The judicial processes during the “Great Purge” were countless, but the four biggest stand out among them, three made public and the fourth, secret and with closed doors (the one against the highest leaders of the Red Army)!
In all three Public Trials, the trials were presided over by the terrible Vasilij Vasiljevic Ulrich, while the prosecution was represented by another specimen, Andrej Januarjevic
Vyshinsky, Prosecutor General of the USSR, extreme Stalinist, who requested 55 capital punishments and only 5 with long imprisonment, (out of 62 defendants in total), requests which Ulrich did not change at all, even the 5 unfortunate ones, who they escaped capital punishment, a little later they all died in suspicious circumstances, like many others before and after them in the Stalinist Soviet Union?!
Vyshinsky, this executioner-prosecutor of Stalin, was rewarded by him, when he was promoted as Foreign Minister of the USSR (1949 – 1953)! He was often identified with the executioner – the terrible judge of the time of Nazism, Roland Freisler, whom Hitler himself called ‘our Vyshinsky’! (Freisler, Hitler’s Chairman of the People’s Court – Volksgerichtshof, who had personally assisted in the farcical and manipulated Stalinist process of Moscow against the leaders of the Red Army, with Prosecutor Vyshinsky)!
So the Nazis got the experience of the Stalinists, for the farcical trials and death sentences of innocent opponents, who declared the paranoia and absurdity of the totalitarian power of a brutal man as enemies?!
The first great process of the Purge was that of the 16 (August 19-28, 1936), against Zinoviev, Kamenev, Bakaev, Berman-Jurin, David, Dreitzer, Evdokimov, Holtzman, Moisej and Natan Lour’é, Mračkovskij , Olberg, Pikel, Reingold, Smirnov and – Ter – Vaganjan! All were sentenced to death and executed the next day!
Zinoviev and Kamenev had joined Stalin, the master of pragmatist-communist intrigue, in deposing and punishing Trotsky, but the peerless ungrateful (perhaps only our Enver was his authentic copy), called them to the office before the arrest and in the presence of Boris Bazhanovit , (his ROLEX, or Stalin’s Hajji Kroi, personal secretary and chief adjutant, lieutenant-general Nikolaj Sidorovich Vlasik (Stalin’s ‘Sulo Gradec’), their prayers and statements, to at least be recognized boundless loyalty to him (the case of Trotsky), he replied: yes, I know him, but loyalty is a very old habit of the dog… Memorie.al
To be continued in the next issue