The fifth part
Memorie.al/publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), where is the discussion of Enver Hoxha held in the VII Plenum of the Central Committee of the ALP- where he analyzed and talked about the problems that had arisen in the oil sector, where he for the first time criticized and made serious accusations, not only against the leaders of that sector, starting with the General Director of Petroleum, Lipe Nashi, the first secretary of the Party Committee of the district of Fier, (where most of the oil industry was concentrated), Piro Gusho, engineers and specialists such as: Andrea Manço, Zenel Hamiti, Koço Plaku, Protoko Murati, Beqir Aliaj , Milto Gjikopulli, etc., but also to the Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu, members of the Politburo and ministers, such as Abdyl Këllezi, Koço Theodhosi, Kiço Ngjela, Vasil Kati, etc. The full speech of dictator Enver Hoxha and the unknown accusations he made against Abdyl Këllez, Koço Theodhos, Kiço Ngjela, Vasil Kat, Dashnor Mamaqi, Ramadan Xhangolli, etc., whom he called saboteurs who had done hostile work, comparing them with The “hostile activity” that Beqir Balluku had done with Petrit Dumen, Hito Çako, etc. Enver Hoxha’s proposals for their dismissal from all party and state positions and functions they had held until then and the election and appointment of “some new comrades” in their place in the Politburo and the Central Committee of the ALP , such as: Pali Miska, Hekuran Isai, Llambi Gegprifti, Qirjako Mihali, etc., whose biographies, Enver made public in that plenum!
Continued from the previous issue
Enver Hoxha’s speech at the closing of the 7th Plenum of the Central Committee of the ALP
May 29, 1975
The party hurts when it feels that some people have worries and does its best to eliminate them and create joy in them as well. In this right path the Party must help all people. Everything the Party does is for the good of society and the people. Mistakes have also been made, which cannot be erased. These mistakes people have made, so their perpetrators should be punished and educated. The Party, the class and the masses must be vigilant. The motto “believe and control” is not just for some, but for all. There are people who take away from us very smart, very revolutionary, and very rigorous when we should not be, but also many opportunists, again when we should not be. “Where were they, why did they not see these things and these enemies before?” say some of these “smart”. Agree the question is appropriate, but this question is also asked to them: “Where have you been? Why didn’t you see these people coming and going to you, talking to you, asking for you and they did you a favor in order for you to shut up even when you had to speak, etc.? Is this how the Party taught you to act? Of course not! Then the forces, the efforts, the vigilance must be united, the work, production, education must be strengthened and not useless and baseless conversations must be made, thinking that this is how things are supposed to be fixed, but in fact these spoil the work.
The enemy exploits everything, so anyone is required to work wisely and responsibly. The enemy and his slogans must be fought. We here, in the Central Committee, lay out and discussed these important problems, analyzed in depth, it seems to me, both the mistakes and the guilt that have been proven. Self-criticism and constructive criticism were made, collective guilt and personal guilt were analyzed and noted. All of these should be valuable lessons for us. For people who make mistakes we must also take measures that will affect their education. As it turned out from all these analyzes in various forums of the Party and the Government, Koço Theodhosi is charged with serious crimes for lack of revolutionary vigilance in the management of the oil sector, where they were allowed to act and sabotage our economy for a long time. Our elements enemies. His non-concern for this hostile work of the oil saboteur group, his failure to take action, his failure to inform the leadership of the Party and the state, his dubious familiarity with Pirro Gusho and Lipe Nashi, his complete approval of what the saboteur engineers were saying, means that in Koço Theodhosi there is something more than a lack of vigilance. Koço not only lacked revolutionary vigilance, but he also showed a great inability to lead and organize in the functions assigned to him as a member of the Politburo and Minister of Industry and Mines.
With such functions and responsibilities, Koço Theodhosi was not allowed to use so colossally the colossal funds that the state had reserved for the oil industry, it is not easy to leave our socialist state for five years without new oil fields. Koço Theodhos’s strong tendencies for the creation of general directorates, which was a form of detachment from the principle of democratic centralism of the leadership, and their moving in a wrong and dangerous direction, are unacceptable from the political-organizational principles of the Party administration. All these grave errors and faults of Koço do not have their source simply in an ideological shallowness and in a lack of deep and continuous efforts on his part to study our Marxist-Leninist scientific theory and the multifaceted and valuable experience of our party. All this makes us think that Koço Theodhosi was involved in a conspiracy, in an organized hostile work against the Party and the government. For this I join the proposals of all comrades and I think that Koço Theodhosi is no longer a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee, to be dismissed from the post of Minister of Industry and Mines, to be expelled from the Central Committee and the Party. With tireless work, wherever he is assigned, Koço must work and prove by deeds that he is honestly washing away the great damage he has done to the great cause of socialism.
Abdyl Këllezi has a great and heavy responsibility for the dangerous and hostile work that took place in the oil sector. We emphasized that Koço Theodhosi has his responsibilities, but Abdyl Këllezi does not stay far from him and, as chairman of the State Planning Commission, not only has the responsibility to act actively and allow such a situation, but also as a member of the Politburo, he lacked revolutionary vigilance for years not to dictate the hostile work carried out by the oil saboteurs. Abdyl Këllez did not even think that a hostile job was being done there, but even when it was clear that he and Koço Theodhos were actively told, he could not conceive of such a thing. This in turn shows great political myopia, a tendency not only to weaken and underestimate the class struggle, but also to strike at popular power. Abdyl Këllez’s attitudes show that opportunism is emphasized in this person, but not only that. The activity, attitudes, support, non-reporting of the leadership for sabotage and saboteurs, failure to take measures to prevent this hostile activity show that Abdyl Këllezi has been inside the conspiracy in an organized hostile work with a large extent.
In addition, this liberal and hostile activity in the oil industry is evident in all the work of Abdyl Këllez in that entire wide and very important sector that he headed in the State Planning Commission. Abdyl Këllezi has been the inspirer and the main supporter of the swelling of the state apparatus, of the numerous dismembered and swollen organisms, of the lack of control on his part in terms of the tasks assigned to him by the Government, etc. Abdyl Këllezi did not do these actions out of lack of capacity, nor out of ignorance, nor accidentally, but conscientiously and with the intention of fighting the popular power. He emphasizes the lack of Marxist-Leninist ideological clarity and instead its origins, way of life and thinking have led him to weave ostensibly Marxist-Leninist slogans to camouflage his Titoist-Soviet revisionist views. . Being very “active” served him as a cover for his dual personality. He also has great emphasis on arrogance and complacency about his actions and thoughts. Abdyli thought that everything he said and did was right and with the arrogance, as it were, of a competent man, was imposed on others, those who could.
Now the tendency of efforts made by people such as Abdyli, Koçoja and others to compromise as many people as possible is evident. But they cannot throw it at the Party. Abdyl Këllezi thought and worked not only for the damage done to the socialist economy by this punishable work of his, but he worked to increase the catastrophe for our country. The party said “Stop”! Abdyl Këllezi was very interested in the development of the cult of his person and tried to make the brilliance of the actions and successes of the class and the Party fall to him in a considerable part, because he was a member of the Politburo and chairman of the State Planning Commission that “runs the whole economy.” Are these just features of his bourgeois and micro-bourgeois character? Definitely yes, but he also worked for a bourgeois-revisionist future that was being prepared for our homeland by hostile groups. For all these, I think that Abdyl Këllezi is no longer a member of the Politburo, to be dismissed from state duty as chairman of the State Planning Commission and to be expelled from the Central Committee and the Party. Abdyl must be deeply corrected by flaws, be hooded, recognize his grievous guilt.
Abdyl Këllezi has been found other times in dangerous anti-party and anti-state mistakes and now he must remember not to go deeper into his activity. The party has evaluated in time the mistakes of Abdyl Këllez, every time they have appeared; it has been right, has made differentiations and has given its hand, until he came to the Politburo. This shows, on the one hand, the justice of the Party towards the cadres and, on the other hand, the incorrigibility and hostility of some such cadres. Therefore, take the just and deserved criticisms and punishments of the Central Committee seriously, in order to serve them so that they do not make mistakes anymore and work hard where they will be assigned. Kiço Ngjela, in my opinion, should be severely criticized and warned very seriously, because the work in the ministry he leads has been very sick, very contaminated and formed a great danger for our economy. This work also posed a risk to the State Security. Kiço Ngjela is responsible for what was discovered in his department. The fact is that he was surrounded by elements of enemies, swindlers, anti-party and suspicious of connections with external enemies. Not only did he not sharpen his vigilance against these evil elements, but he defended them to the end with a reprehensible frivolity and arrogance.
Characteristic of Kiço Ngjela is that he has two natures: A harsh nature for outside his department and a gentle, opportunistic and liberal nature for collaborators and subordinates in the ministry where he leads. This situation is quite obvious in Kiço’s character. His harsh tone gives the impression as if he is demanding accountability, but the soft tone towards the gang that had made its nest in the Ministry of Trade, overthrows the former. Kiço Ngjela must learn that we are not so easily mistaken by his tactics: to attack in order to avoid criticism and accountability. Do not take the Party and the Central Committee for granted, because you are seriously mistaken! Your very wrong attitude, not vigilant, not revolutionary gave the opportunity to the enemies, who were huddled under your umbrella, to go inside and outside the country with illegal and hostile actions, to certainly speculate on export-import prices, to come in thousands dollars in foreign banks in their own name, of course, not derived from savings from salaries, but from matrapazllët. People like Andrea Mançoja and a category like this, did they just do these things, or were they also in the service of enemy agencies? Of course, we have to doubt. There is no need for them to tell us themselves that they are Intelligence Service agents. Did not you, Kiço, pay attention to their purchase of bad English trucks, which they brought for young people and at a cost of three million dollars, if I am not mistaken?
Along with them, Intelligence Service agents allegedly brought them to make repairs, as soon as they put them to work! What are these things, Kiço, that have been done under your nose? Where did you get your head? You have been criticized many times for criticizing different companies from imports, but each time you advance objective reasons: not distances, not roads, not world conjuncture. All well and good, but did it never occur to you to control the work of all these bourgeois miners, who stayed with me as specialists, deputy ministers, some of them directors, some others commercial attachés? Kiço Ngjela is guilty, he lacked vigilance and ideological rise, and he has been liberal at work and has had a strong familiarity and gentleness in seeking accountability to subordinates. Do not forget, Kiço, that in the Plenum you did not do any self-criticism at all or you made it pale. This cannot go on like this, so reflect deeply and make an open self-criticism, in writing, to the Central Committee. All this I think Kiçon should shake and serve as a warning not to repeat it again. I think he should be given a serious remark at the same time with a note on the registration card.
You heard Ramadan Xhangolliti’s miserable discussion. He appeared here telling us that he had to prepare two discussions: One before coming to the Plenum and another after hearing the questions of the comrades and the issues that came up about Koço Theodhos. Ramadan Xhangolli wanted to convince us as if these things, which prove how deeply Koço Theodhosi has been involved in the hostile and sabotaging work in the oil sector, came to him suddenly, he taught them only here, in the Plenum. Ramadan Xhangolli “reprimanded” Koço Theodhos for not answering his questions, which were “social” questions and not “peppery” like the others. And when the friends of the Plenum put Ramadan Xhangolli with his shoulders behind the wall, asking him why the questions of his friends were peppery and his were social, he claimed that he had a close friendship with Koço Theodhos, unlike the others. At first he tried to convince us that in their “friendly” meetings they had not talked about oil issues and the work of saboteurs, but Koço Theodhosi had asked this “village elder” for advice on how to make his self-criticism in the Plenum. He could not deny that they talked about the criticism of Abdyl Këllez in the Politburo and the Government, about Koço Theodhos’s suspicions about the suicide of Pirro Gusho, etc.
And this featherless corner, which at first appeared to us with two discussions, being removed as if it had fallen from the sky, when it learned of the filthy deeds of Koço Theodhos and Abdyl Këllez, at the end of the session, during the break: asked to meet with me, to declare to me that he at the Party House, where from time to time friends of the leadership gather, came specially to hear what was said about the saboteur elements and other work and the information received, transmitted to Koço Theodhos. He thus played the role of informant of the saboteur group and enemy of oil and the economy. It became clear to us that with Koço Theodhos, but also with others who are not known, Ramadan Xhangolli talked and worked in the group group against the Party. It turns out that he is also implicated in this conspiratorial work. It is not the first time that Ramadan Xhangolli creates such ill-fated friendships. He was implicated in this way with Nexhip Vincani and Gjin Marku, when they carried out hostile activities against the Party, but then the Central Committee made the differentiation, giving Ramadan the opportunity to correct itself. Life shows that he did not recover from these bad diseases and continued on his hostile path against the Party.
Ramadan Xhangolli is a worthless man. His ability is to intrigue and carry out group work, because as for work, it is known that he has been incompetent everywhere, so he has been fired three times as district party secretary. For him, it seems to me, it is superfluous to prolong more, so I propose to the Plenum that Ramadan Xhangolli be expelled from the Central Committee and the Party. For Thoma Deliana, I would say that he is not proving capable of directing Education and Culture. He did not show sharpness and vigilance in dictating the hostile work of Fadil Paçrami, nor a good organizer in pursuing the important ideological tasks that the Party had set before our socialist school and culture. He has allowed sick ideas to spread in some cadres and institutions; he has allowed indiscipline in teaching and qualifying students. Students, teachers and lecturers, has been liberal in its demands for the implementation of scientific discipline in schools and in human relations. For these I think that Thoma Deliana, does not properly perform the task assigned to her by the Party, but does so with many flaws, mistakes and gaps, so I think to be seriously warned about these weaknesses and propose to be given a remark of heavily marked on the registration card, as suggested by some friends.
The main activity of the saboteur enemies with Pirro Gusho and Lipe Nashi, Abdyl Këllez and Koço Theodhos, as well as their collaborators, was discovered and liquidated. This is a great success that should strengthen our conscience and faith in the just and saving activity of the Party, which guides and guides us straight in the work of building socialism and in the class struggle against all enemies who try to harm. Our popular party and power. Therefore, everyone, the Party and the people, should stand up and mobilize to perform their duties as soon as possible and in all sectors. These seem to serve us to further raise the revolutionary vigilance, first of all of the communists, and of all the working masses of our country, why the enemy attacks us and will attack us again, therefore to be constantly in the war against the enemy and to win as we have always won over it. Comrades, After all these necessary measures we have taken to purge the Party leadership of enemy elements, the need arises to fill the Politburo of the Central Committee with new comrades.
We have expelled from the leadership and from the Party in the 4th, 5th, 6th Plenum and in this Plenum three members and one candidate of the Politburo for hostile activities. The Party’s leadership shed its “weeds” from the leadership, it threw away the anti-party elements, enemies of socialism and the people, and we are aware that this work will further strengthen the Party and the leadership. We have the necessary task, in order to ensure continuity, to raise friends at a relatively young age, experienced in the great struggle waged by the Party for the construction of socialism, for the defense of the homeland and of Marxism-Leninism from internal and external enemies external. To bring to the Politburo elements of the class, with origins and working conditions, especially from those members of the Plenum who, throughout their activity, have shown ability and consistency in implementing the straight line of the Party. Now our Party has prepared and has reserve cadres from the ranks of our working class, loyal to the cause of the homeland and socialism, energetic, stable, ardent communists and patriots. Regarding the above, I propose that the candidates of the Central Committee: comrades Pali Miska, Llambi Gegprifti and Qirjako Mihali are promoted to members of the Central Committee. Since you, comrades, agreed with what was submitted, then I propose that you come to the Politburo: As members of the Politburo:
- Shoku Hekuran Isai. Born in 1933 in Peqin, Elbasan district, of working origin. He graduated from the Party High School, was admitted to the Party in 1957. He himself worked for eight years, and then was continuously promoted to the leadership of the enterprise organization, secretary of the Elbasan District Party Committee, then first secretary of the Party Committee in the districts of Librazhd and Dibër. In the 5th Congress he was elected a candidate and in the 6th Congress a member of the Central Committee of the ALP. He is a member of the People’s Assembly. Always a good social activist, he has actively militated in mass organizations. He is regarded as a tireless worker and who has consistently maintained right consistent principled attitudes, is courageous, makes criticism and self-criticism, and strives to maintain the good qualities of the working class. Comrade Hekuran Isai is also proposed to be elected secretary of the Central Committee instead of Comrade Petro Dode, who is proposed to go as chairman of the State Planning Commission and deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers.
- Comrade Pali Miska. Born in 1931 in Bradvica, Korça, of poor rural origin. His family during the war and after has maintained and maintains a good attitude. He was accepted as a party member in 1951. He graduated from the Higher Institute of Economics. He worked as a sawmill for seven years, later he was promoted to director of the Sawmill Company in Fushë-Arrëz. In 1968 he was elected secretary and then first secretary of the Party committee of this district and recently the first secretary of the Party Committee of the Kukes District. In the 6th Congress, the candidate of the Central Committee of the ALP was elected. As the first secretary in the district of Puka, he led well, gained experience as a party worker, is associated with the masses and enjoys respect in the Party organization and in the people of the district where he worked. On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Liberation, he was awarded the title “Hero of Socialist Labor”. He is a member of the People’s Assembly. It is also proposed that Comrade Pali Miska be appointed Minister of Industry and Mining.
- As candidates for the Politburo: Comrade Llambi Gegprifti. Born in Potkozhan of Pogradec in 1942. Of poor rural origin. His family’s attitude during and after the war has been and is good. Admitted to the Party in 1964. He himself has been a worker for several years. He graduated from the Faculty of Geology and mining, the one-year advanced course in political economy at the Party School, and continues his correspondence with the mechanical branch of the Faculty of Engineering. In school he was distinguished as a good pupil and student, while as an engineer, party worker and director of the enterprise he did fruitful and tireless work, he was decorated with the Order “For outstanding work in mining-geology”, of the 2nd Class. . Everywhere it is described as partisan cadre. is young, skilled and promising. Study type, simple, honest, massive and enjoys the sympathy and respect of the masses wherever he has worked. Untiring at work and has shown good leadership and organizational skills, relies on the masses and appreciates their remarks and opinions. In the 6th Congress, the candidate of the Central Committee of the ALP was elected. In December 1974, he was appointed Deputy Minister of National Defense, a position he still holds.
Comrade Qirjako Mihali. Born in 1929 in Korça, of working origin, his father was a bricklayer. Party member admitted in 1949. Graduated from petroleum refining engineer. The attitude of the family during the war and after has been and is good. During his nineteen years of work in the base, in the oil refining industry and in the ammonium nitrate plant “Gogo Nushi”, he has shown tireless work, has made efforts to perform tasks well, relying on the masses, has organized has run the business well, has struggled to recognize the problems of the enterprise, and has carried out the tasks of the plan he is a friend with partisanship, with skills and good qualities as a communist and as a cadre. Has constantly made efforts to further increase its level. He has not been confirmed by the hostile actions of Pirro Gusho and Koço Theodhos, so they have tried to dismiss him from his duties. The candidate of the Central Committee of the ALP has been elected since the 5th Congress./Memorie.al