Memorie.al publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), where is the discussion of Enver Hoxha held in the VII Plenum of the Central Committee of the ALP , where he analyzed and talked about the problems that had arisen in the oil sector, where he for the first time criticized and made serious accusations, not only against the leaders of that sector, starting with the General Director of Petroleum, Lipe Nashi , the first secretary of the Party Committee of the district of Fier, (where most of the oil industry was concentrated), Piro Gusho, engineers and specialists such as: Andrea Manço, Zenel Hamiti, Koço Plaku, Protoko Murati, Beqir Aliaj, Milto Gjikopulli, et al., But also to the Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu, members of the Politburo and ministers, such as Abdyl Këllezi, Koço Theodhosi, Kiço Ngjela, Vasil Kati, etc. The full speech of dictator Enver Hoxha and the unknown accusations he made against Abdyl Këllez, Koço Theodhos, Kiço Ngjela, Vasil Kat, Dashnor Mamaqi, Ramadan Xhangolli, etc., whom he called saboteurs who had done hostile work, comparing them with The “hostile activity” that Beqir Balluku had done with Petrit Dumen, Hito Çako, etc. Enver Hoxha’s proposals for their dismissal from all party and state positions and functions they had held until then and the election and appointment of “some new comrades” in their place in the Politburo and the Central Committee of the ALP , such as: Pali Miska, Hekuran Isai, Qirjako Mihali, etc., whose biographies, Enver made public in that plenum!
Enver Hoxha’s speech at the closing of the 7th Plenum of the Central Committee of the ALP
May 29, 1975
When the Party puts these guilty people in the place they deserve, that the Party reveals everything, such comrades hang on the edge, as if persecuted, as if “fatal mistakes” have been made against these “big heads”, instead of the openly admit their guilt, put themselves in the Party and the people and openly say to them: “I have made a grave mistake”, “The Party gave me a deserved punishment”. I say that your attitudes, Koço, have helped in the hostile activity. You tell us that the enemies have taken advantage of your mistakes. One of the two: did your mistakes help, or did they not help in the hostile activity? You have to say this openly. We in Gjirokastra have a word: “No widow, you are a coward”. You Koço can say that “I did not advise them to sabotage”. Koçoja asks for this nuance, therefore he says that he did not say orally to him and this one: “Oburra, put the pickaxe”! Understand this nuance! Koçoja wants to be very subtle; he remembers that the search for these formulations saves him! But no, it does not save him. This attitude deepens it, because to be a member of the Politburo and Minister of Industry, director for oil, in this sector of great economic importance, and to make serious mistakes, colossal mistakes, not to follow the line of To the party, not to control and leave the oil to the fate of some bandits and to look for the nuance of a word to pass “fsht”, this puts you deeper inside you, Koço!
So, in conclusion, are you an accomplice of the oil saboteurs, or did you blindly help them?! According to you, you acted blindly. Then we ask the question: Are you so naive that you do not understand and do not understand these oil issues at all?! If you were so naive, you should have come to say: “Aman, friends, remove me from here, because I am not for this job”. You did not do this, but on the contrary, you were very smart, very competent. In the beginning, you said, “I worked as a technocrat.” But a technocrat means being so technical that you overestimate technique and forget politics and ideology. So you now, saying that “I blindly helped in the oil sabotage”, contradicts what you said about technocracy. Why do we criticize Protoko Murat and others and tell them that “besides saboteurs, you are also technocrats”? We say this because they had put the Party under their feet! Then, in your work, you also put the Party under your feet. Therefore, the friends of the Plenum, with the questions they asked, opened a great horizon. You have to help yourself and the Party, in the first place, otherwise you cannot be saved. You have committed crimes, even serious ones, and so it turns out, you are a saboteur. If you are going to ease your guilt, help the Party and say everything openly! You know the laws of the Party: when you speak to it openly, it takes this into account in the measure it takes. The party is generous.
I am told that Sadik Bekteshi, this anti-party element, revisionist and traitor, every day, dressed as a “bourgeois” who became a bourgeois, goes to the best cafe, sits on his feet, smokes and drinks coffee, eats pastries and in this way you manifested, provoking with his attitude, wanting to say: “Behold, I am like a lord, I cannot hear the decision taken by the Party against me”. He wants to take me 900 new All per month, which is the biggest pension in our country. Yes we have laws, they say. But the laws are made by the class. Without asking some class, if we should give such pensions to enemies like this?! So what is the difference between such an element and a patriotic officer? Fair differentiation is hindered by bureaucracy and, when bureaucracy speaks, the class does not speak. Why did you, Abdyl Këllezi, as a member of the Politburo and chairman of the State Planning Commission, forget the great principle that we should not allow ourselves to build unproductive works out of necessity, that we should not allow even the slightest bloating of organics with non-productive elements?
You, Abdyl Këllezi, tell us that you fought and cut, but these that come to us, are not non-existent. They are factual. You tell us that “we had pressure from below”. But you have come to me several times and boasted to me that, as the State Planning Commission, “we have curbed the demands and exaggerations of the base, we have fallen with a big ax”. That is, what comes out of us is completely accepted by you. So how do you respond to this question with the phrase “saved us from control”? No, this is a simplistic answer, because all these bad things that have come out, such as: organic-lists, their bloating, the confusion of the engineer with the worker as a social condition, the bloating of technical bureaus, etc., must be explained first, it must be explained why the Party line was deformed for them. Why the Party line was deformed, this is of capital importance, Abdyl Këllezi, which is not explained by you. Say better that you suffer from megalomania and from the desire for an ideology opposite to that of the Party, from the zeal to put this anti-Marxist ideology into practice, and to put too much emphasis on yourself, as far as it goes, to leave the vital oil asset and come to Tirana, to assist in the solemn meeting of the liberation of Tirana!
Why did you do this, Abdyl? Your self-criticism, when you say “I may not even come”, is not sincere. You also wrote this in a letter you sent me. When you saw the situation so serious, why did you get up and run away from the asset?! We do not discuss what Koçoja said, but why you got up and left, being a member of the Politburo and chairman of the State Planning Commission. When you had seen so many things, such a great danger, why did you not manage to conclude it yourself, but let Koçon dummy? When the hostile work in the Army was discovered, Petrit Dumja made a turn, that is, a voltmeter and threw it all to Beqir Balluku. You have been here too. What did he do? He saw that the hostile work in the Army was discovered and said: “Beqir Balluku, he has done all this”! I, too, after all these things you said, can come to the conclusion that you want to throw everything at Koço Theodhos. You are a member of the Politburo. He himself in the oil asset ascertains all those things and is silent. But why are you there for a toy?! As the chairman of the State Planning Commission, you see that Albania is not given oil fields, a job that is quite hostile, and you just say to Koço Theodhos: “Look, these people are not okay here, so gather the institute”!
He teaches, gathers these and gathers them, and Koço Theodhosi does nothing. How should this be understood? We have had cases where friends have lost relatives and have not escaped from such important gatherings. And you, then, why run away from the asset? So, how can we not judge that you thought: “Come on, let’s throw this to Koço, because he is the Minister of Industry and Mining and I will wash”! Therefore, it is better to say: “I had to come to be seen in the presidium of the meeting and on television at this important event, because I needed, for my work today and later, to stand above my authority.” You, Abdyl Këllezi, forgot about oil and left the asset, because you were afraid to speak out, you forgot the economy in front of personal arrogance and you were afraid to go there with conclusions, because you were at the same time implicated. These lead to dangerous paths, so the whole Plenum was forced to ask you for explanations, but you turned away from all the questions that were asked. There is such an important meeting of oil and you, the “great economist”, as you are removed, get up and leave, instead of staying and giving there the conclusive opinion. Didn’t oil matter to you?
Did you not know that oil fields were not being discovered and hundreds of millions of All were wasted? Did it not even occur to you that there might be hostile work there? Very strange this happened to you, who see everything! I know all the answers you have given to these questions, I also heard the demagogic and technical answers, but not at all political and ideological, from here in the Plenum, to escape from the mud where you have fallen, but they all speak to your disadvantage. You, Abdyl Këllezi, asked in the oil asset about a geological engineer. You did well to ask, and you said, “I asked because I liked his discussion.” Good! But as long as you like this discussion, it means you did not like the ones of others. Then why didn’t you ask about Protoko Murati, Beqir Aliaj and Milto Gjikopulli, “whose discussions you did not like”? Why not ask about Lipe Nashi, your friend, especially Koço Theodhos, who, although he was punished by the Government, made you a hero? You do not tell us, but why do not you ask about these? Let me tell you: You did not ask, because you were afraid to put your finger on the wound, lest you reveal the cabbage noodles.
As if you allegedly sent extra summary oil protocols to this or that, you did it because you had nothing to do but to say that “I informed”, as if you were a courier who follows protocols and not a leader who goes where needed to lay out and discuss the situation created and the problems that arise. These you say do not stand on their feet. I knew nothing of what was going on in the oil sector. He only put the letter of that oil worker in the electricity, which I received on February 1, 1975. This letter surprised me! I then called Haki (Toska), who gave me the protocol, which you had sent to him 37 days late from the meeting that took place in the oil on November 16, 1974. I emphasize, 37 days late. This is reprehensible and proves what you thought a lot to send him and such a thing, in fact, belonged, in the first place, to make Koço Theodhos as Minister of Industry and Mines. Also, what you say, that you allegedly told Haki, that “possibly Comrade Enver should also be informed”, is hatched by you for the case. When I asked you in a meeting (and not that you put me on electricity): What do we have from oil”?! At that time I was aware of the situation there and had drawn conclusions, but I also wanted to know your opinion.
You talked to me about some trivial things and, when I informed you that the workers were accusing you too, that in fact it is so, they were accusing you, you were shocked, shrugged your shoulders and said to me: “What do they have to do with me? I have no guilt, I have no responsibility”! And that was all that remained, you thought, but the Party, the Politburo and I did not think so. Two days before the Government meeting, you got sick and went on vacation. All those analyze were done later. You came back from vacation, you also read the minutes of the meeting of the Politburo, where you were criticized. Then weeks passed, I waited for you to come, to explain your responsibility. You did not come to me at all. I ask: Did you not care about work, or were you afraid to confront me? Do not you feel guilty? It seems to me that yes, so you did not come. In my opinion, you, Abdyl, are the main one and after you come Koço Theodhosi. You created all those special directorates, deputy directors, agencies and sub-agencies, almost detached from the ministries, and all of them were given competencies, without forgetting the fat salaries of the people. Did you really think this was a technical issue? No, I think the intentions of an anti-Marxist ideological organizational action were hidden in your head.
Why did you do it that way? We have said and will say that ministries are central bodies, so that small problems do not make them forget big ones, but this caused the opposite: Ministries gave up on big problems and especially the Ministry of Industry and Mines, and what washed, from oil, from mines, etc., and whether or not the UMB should have accepted the 9 agricultural machines that Andrea Mançoja had brought with speculation to the Italians, machines that were not worth a penny and that had been thrown into the trenches. Well, said Abdyl Këllezi, jumping on “reforms and organizations”, did not you think a little that these unresolved and uncontrolled actions lead to a wrong path of the enterprises of their administration? Didn’t that cross your mind? Did you not make an analysis of these things that rolled in the wrong direction, so that you violated the laws and principles set by the Party, while for these actions there is no lack of criticizing others and removing yourself as an infallible ideologue? You knew everything Lipe Nashi and his gang did, you dictated to them and Koço Theodhos; you gave the approval to Lipe Nashi to build bridges with oil materials, you allowed him to use the oil dollars to buy what he wanted and share, wherever he wanted, cars, televisions, etc.!
We have also criticized the Titoist enterprises and their system of administration. Did you forget these, or did you like the administration itself? You know that, but I think you like it. Then, when you and Koço Theodhosi saw what Lipe Nashi and others like him were doing, why did not you come up with proposals to the Government to immediately liquidate this situation? You did not dare to go out with them, because the plan of sabotage was revealed to you, you did not dare to break the powers given to the ministers, and you dared to damage the economy. How can it be believed that these organizations that you did, that you liked, that you let go of their wrong path and did not raise your voice to take measures against distortions, it happened that “they saved you from control”, as you say you, Abdyl Këllezi ?! No, if we believed so easily, we would seriously damage the interests of the Party and the state. In the debates that took place over the text of Political Economy, you said that you did not see the whole text, but only some parts. You, as the chairman of the Commission for drafting this text, had to look at it all. But, let’s accept what you saw only “some parts”. But as chairman of the State Planning Commission, you definitely had to look, especially those “few” that met directly with you, such as the planning part. Why did you neglect this?
Well, you did not read the whole text and made mistakes, but why did you not see this part ?! Excuse me for expressing what I think, but some of the main friends of the Central Committee, such as Abdyl Këllezi, Koço Theodhosi, and some others, have a derogatory megalomania, to be understood, not stated, towards the experience and materials of our Party. They make this reasoning: “We know these, we have lived them, we have taken them ourselves, then deepening in them is not for us, but for the cadres at the base”. Beautiful! If so, then apply them correctly and without mistakes. Where are the biggest and most dangerous mistakes made, down at the base, or up in the center? We need to recognize that these are done more upwards. Then the reason why this happens must be found. I think what I pointed out at the beginning is one of the sickest and most dangerous excuses, why it makes you not follow the compass, which is the mother of many dangers. I tell some friends of the Government that they have lost their political and ideological vigilance and, despite the big words they use, they have relied mainly on administrative measures: “Ask some technocrats, get the opinion of specialists, officials”, and “The opinion of the masses – in the basket”! /Memorie.al
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