The third part
Memorie.al publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), where is the discussion of Enver Hoxha held in the VII Plenum of the Central Committee of the ALP , where he analyzed and talked about the problems that had arisen in the oil sector, where he for the first time criticized and made serious accusations, not only against the leaders of that sector, starting with the General Director of Petroleum, Lipe Nashi , the first secretary of the Party Committee of the district of Fier, (where most of the oil industry was concentrated), Piro Gusho, engineers and specialists such as: Andrea Manço, Zenel Hamiti, Koço Plaku, Protoko Murati, Beqir Aliaj, Milto Gjikopulli, et al., But also to the Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu, members of the Politburo and ministers, such as Abdyl Këllezi, Koço Theodhosi, Kiço Ngjela, Vasil Kati, etc. The full speech of dictator Enver Hoxha and the unknown accusations he made against Abdyl Këllez, Koço Theodhos, Kiço Ngjela, Vasil Kat, Dashnor Mamaqi, Ramadan Xhangolli, etc., whom he called saboteurs who had done hostile work, comparing them with The “hostile activity” that Beqir Balluku had done with Petrit Dumen, Hito Çako, etc. Enver Hoxha’s proposals for their dismissal from all party and state positions and functions they had held until then and the election and appointment of “some new comrades” in their place in the Politburo and the Central Committee of the ALP , such as: Pali Miska, Hekuran Isai, Qirjako Mihali, etc., whose biographies, Enver made public in that plenum!
Continued from the previous issue
Enver Hoxha’s speech at the closing of the 7th Plenum of the Central Committee of the ALP
May 29, 1975
This is confirmed by Abdyli and Koçoja himself, of course, not in this form, as I say, but we are there, because verbally in “discourse” we are “at the top of the budget”. “Satisfy yourself with formulas and slogans”, but “we do as Andrea Mançoja, Lipe Nashi, Beqir America or someone else tells us”. “You gave us a third or fourth nomenclature,” said Kiço Ngjela, when they prevented Andrea Mançon from going to the West because he was suspected. What does this blind faith mean to some people, so much so that even when they seek to open their eyes, they are reluctant to open it? You, comrades of the State Planning Commission, affirm yourself “We have not properly followed either the planning process or its implementation.” Do you know what that means? Working to sabotage the plan. The Central Committee has the right and duty to hold you accountable, Abdyl Këllezi, who has put you in charge of the State Planning Commission, why this task has not been performed properly. Did you not want to sabotage the economy? Did you forget the strength of the Party and the people, who do not let you act as you please? Whenever we have asked for an account for these failures, we have been told that “the bases and the ministries are to blame”. They, of course, are to blame and I do not want to justify them, but I have not heard a self-criticism from you, Abdyl Këllezi, I have not even heard about the State Planning Commission. Only self-praise!
You are going through history as: “organisms that have seen everything right, in the Party line, have weighed it properly.” But these that come to us, for which the State Planning Commission and you personally, Abdyl, have a heavy responsibility, what will we call them, mistakes or work to be praised? But, without putting your hand in the fire, I think we will discover other serious mistakes, such as in investments, in finance and especially in the sick spirit that has been allowed by you, taking the poses of “inadmissible”. You, Abdyl Këllezi, have stated: “I have seen that the salary fund was increasing in unfair proportions”. Then why did you not inform the Government and the Politburo, where to do self-criticism first? Why did not you make it a problem of the Politburo that the control of the bank should not be removed? Then when this control was put back everywhere, why was the oil sector excluded? Was this a purely technical operation, to say that you were against the removal? I do not believe this, why did you, Abdyl Këllezi, not think about the political, ideological and financial side of the problem, that in these parts damage would be caused, as it was caused. You can tell me that the decisions were made by the Government, and I do not intend to take away this responsibility from her, but you are the main responsibility, the inspiration, that you were removed as the “Pope” of economics and finance. This is how you are always removed.
You say yourself that you made a series of zigzags on this important issue and did not intervene. He himself claims that “until now I have thought why I did not intervene and I cannot find the reason”. Try hard, because you will find the reason! Abdyl, you bragged a lot and out of place, while the Party teaches us to be simple, but I must admit, I have not eaten your bragging. I have concluded for you, that you assimilate the opinions of others, of specialists and workers, and you do this to appear before me, thinking of what you said to me, I ate and listened to it for the first time. I have made allusions and criticisms to you many times to abandon this method, but you have continued and continue as before, being removed from us as very competent and competent, even in this Plenum, you hurried to give fire-to-fire answers, without waiting for the questions to be asked. He himself claims that you are responsible for what has been discovered, that they have saved you from control, which is not true, because they were convincing to you, while investments, constructions, bank control, you have had under control. But as if you are speeding up a bit in this statement as well. You, Abdyl, claimed that when you ask yourself the question “Why do these things happen to us”?, it seems that the source of this is “lack of balance”, or better to say “reluctance”.
Trying in vain to give a technical explanation, but losing balance or hesitation, is an issue with important political and ideological significance. Not just the words themselves, but everything, every job, every event, says Lenin, has the stamp of the party line, has the politics of the party. The seal of the Party does not appear in what you tell us, or in your actions for competencies and for all the other mistakes you have made. Then, can you explain to us more clearly, ideologically speaking, this imbalance and reluctance to you in line? You did not take the trouble to explain them, but to hide them, to disguise them. You saw that the Central Committee of the Party was seasoned and in office and unmasked the evil intentions. You say that you met “strictly” with Koço Theodhos “for serious problems”! But this affirmation of the evening falls by itself, because you, as a member of the Politburo, have never raised these things in the Bureau. But even here you did not notice these, neither you, Abdyl, or you, Koço. You are here to protect your friend. Why? This kind of solidarity itself is compromising. Abdyl, I’m surprised and sorry that the oil issue is slipping tangentially. You should not do so, as the Central Committee does not allow you to deal with the matter in this way.
You can aggravate Koço Theodhos, that he is a minister, as Petrit Dumja and Hito Çakoja did for Beqir Balluku, but you saw how the Central Committee discovered the hostile and treacherous activity of Beqir Balluku with friends. Just like you, the Central Committee does not separate you from the same responsibility as Koço, if not more. You run the State Planning Commission and you should know that, if we do not have oil, our economic plan, both current and long-term, cannot work. How will all this industry we have move with? How will all these machines move? What about army weapons, how will they be put into action? How will our TPPs work, when even the ones that worked with coal, were you, if I am not mistaken, one of those who tried to put them to work with oil? What about the future TPPs, what about the petrochemical industry, for which you made great promises to us, how will you feel? Didn’t we take you to that department to make plans for us? In these difficult situations that the economy of our country is going through, you, as the chairman of the State Planning Commission, can now say that you have no responsibility, and it is not about technical responsibility, but political-ideological? You have taken away the plan of “big perspective” plans, but why were you surprised when Adil Çarçani told you that “comrade Enver wants us to have a 30-year perspective plan for oil”?! I do not know how I told this to my friend Adil, but I say not for 30 years, but, if possible, to have such a plan for another 100 years.
You were not properly interested in the existing fields and now you are withdrawing like an eel from a dangerous terrain. How can I not be interested in the future of oil? You stated that “we should be interested in the current situation”. This is exactly what I am constantly interested in now and I am so interested that I cannot sleep. Then tell us, Abdyl, that you are “interested in the current situation”, why did they sabotage us in oil? You should have been interested in this “and you are interested”, as you say yourself. Then why did this sabotage happen? You pretend to have opened the unity of your thoughts with Tuk Jakova, this Titoist agent, but the Party remembers. You know that Tuk Jakova was against the extraction of oil, but, after so many years, you, Abdyl, come out to us in the sabotage of oil. This is strange! Does not this resemblance seem strange to you, Abdyl? You say “I fought hard with Koço”, I emphasize “strictly”, “for serious problems”. Can you tell us why these discussions were “strict”? These we need to know, because you did not tell us anything. He claims that he saw that “the Ministry of Industry and Mining had lost control of oil”. What did you do about this finding? Important? Have you ever talked to Koço “strictly”? And what came out? Nothing! What did you do later? Why didn’t you raise this issue in the Politburo or in the Government, where it said that “oil has escaped from our hands”, why did it escape from us and urgent measures should be taken? You answer: “I was wrong”!
But from the member of the Politburo and the chairman of the State Planning Commission, who knows well that without oil the whole economy remains in place today and long, such an answer is not enough. Well Koço Theodhosi, had decided to do a sabotage job, a heavy and very dangerous sleep for our economy, but you who saw this situation, why not the alarm? You admit that it did not occur to you that in the oil industry “a hostile job was being done”, but what name did you give to that clear job for you, when you say: “They lied to us every year and every year they did not give us oil, today they gave us news, and the next day they told us the opposite “. And you, upon receiving these “news”, put hundreds of thousands of tons in the plan at once. You and Koço were the most diligent, when you distributed this deficit (the so-called deficit, why this amount had never even existed, except in your plan) to the existing fields, whose wells were flooded with water: Lipe Nashi, despite the fact that is an enemy and a traitor; accuses you of forcing him to force the wells, that he was against this and says that “I also wrote a letter to Koço and Abdyl, I had official objections to them”. We have expressed our opinion on the faults and responsibilities of Koço Theodhos. I am not going to dwell here, because I spoke at the meeting of the Politburo and all of you, friends, are familiar with these materials. And you, Abdyl, acted directly in sabotage with the specialists, you had, in addition, the plan as a control weapon to give information and allow, when the situation did not move forward, to get into the oil so often that you delve deeper into these problems.
You did not do that. There was a reason he did not do it, because it was the sabotage plan, it was hostile work to stop them. You should not reduce your cooperation with Koço. Do not do it like Petrit Dumja with Hito Çako against Beqir Balluku, why Koçoja was wrong, but for me, as far as I could ascertain, Koçoja was constantly consulting with you, he did nothing without asking, why he felt your need . You were his leader in the sabotage hostile work. Koçoja seemed to have mature and precise judgments about problems, he is very meticulous and stupid he is not, but the facts show that he was not as cast and as bombastic as you. The main head, without removing the responsibility from Koço, was you. Even your supposedly more specialized thoughts did not help Koço for good, but for the evil of the Party. I think Koço was predisposed to an anti-party, hostile job, why did he not honepste the Party line, so you joined together, found the comrade-in-arms and delved deeply into the hostile work. For the time being, I will not dwell on these great problems, because, as we know workers’ and Party’s controls over things, over organisms and over people are taking place everywhere. These studies and controls from the ground up will reveal good and bad things to us, from them we will gain a great deal of political-ideological experience, and will make us correct line distortions, correct mistakes where they have been proved, to heal the sick and to crush the enemies. The Central Committee and the Government will receive accurate data, based directly on in-depth analysis, on which we must judge. So far, for these campaigns, the Central Committee and the Government are satisfied with the opinions and conclusions drawn by the officials, whom we must trust, but also control.
This time, it seems to me, should be added to these direct reports of labor control, but of a labor control without “control by officials.” We really need the voice of the class, the opinion of the class; we need it to judge us and not to be content with our own judgment. Our self-judgment was several times subjective, the judgment of affairs by a number of office people proved that there were also unfair concepts inside. All these mistakes, distortions and abuses weighed on our state, on the class, on the employees. Those who suffered these have the right to speak, propose and decide against those who have violated state laws and Party directives. It is imperative that this be done and it should be done continuously. The control of the Party, of the class and of the mass, must be exercised strictly in everything and over everyone. The party, the forums, the Government and the state and economic apparatus must no longer allow not only to weaken the proletarian coup, but also to keep it formal and truncated. Make it a habit not only to criticize and quickly correct mistakes, but also to punish the guilty. The press should talk about the culprits, and not only about the little ones, but also about the big ones, when they make mistakes, when the general external situation allows, so that the enemies do not use it, why should it be said that for these big ”, a privileged situation has been created.
But verbally the people should be put on alert for those who commit crimes. There are party secretaries, there are Central Committee members, ministers, deputy ministers and others who make mistakes, who do not work well, who do not deserve the trust given to them by the State Party and not only are not properly criticized, not only are not fired, but even when criticized and fired, no one understands why this measure was taken, instead of pointing out why something happens. Even now, in this war Plenum, there are comrades who were severely criticized and deserved harsher punishments. But these comrades should not think that the Central Committee and the Politburo were liberal towards them. Do not think that they threw the river this time too. The Central Committee understands very well the reason and acts in the interest of the Party and of those comrades who have made mistakes and who hopefully can be corrected. An illusion is that we should not talk about those who make mistakes, so as not to “discredit” the Party and the state that had brought them to those positions. Opinion understands you, even if you do not tell them what happened. He judges people and leaders for their worth through work and political attitudes. The class struggle explains these events and these actions and we should not seek to cover them, implying that the senior cadres are not wrong, when in reality, there are some who are wrong. The Central Committee sees and weighs the values of each of us and, when it deems it necessary and necessary for those who err, dismisses them from their responsibilities.
We have the Party Congress ahead of us and the Party will judge us there, not only because we fought the National Liberation War, but how we are still waging this Great War for the construction of socialism. Keeping the punishment of a man who is being punished secret allows him to speculate, to be removed as a victim of each other’s ambitions, so we allow our actions to create dissatisfaction and wrong thoughts. We should occasionally give the example to the press on these issues. The party has always said: Let no one think that he has taken the task assigned to him. None of us should think that, since he fought the war, he has never made a mistake, so there is no need to move from the country or from the leadership. Such comrades should be respected and honored by the Party. But let us not forget, that we must continue to perform the tasks consistently and, secondly, the years do their job. The Party and the Central Committee must constantly prepare new leaders, to think about continuity, for the future. Leninism teaches us, on the other hand, that when the party appoints us to work, it is simply a task for us. Today you are here, tomorrow the need wants you to wear there and you have to wear. If you will not wear it, do not eat.
If it speaks against power, dictatorship will strike. If you make mistakes, you will be criticized and you will be demoted, if you continue, you will be rolled down. In case your work capacity weakens, you should understand that you should give the place to the friend who gives a higher yield. The time has come for you to retire, to leave the place to another, but even when you retire, you should not tie your hands and not kill your mind or remain indifferent, if you continue to work for the Party and for your state, and not to earn any salary over the pension and to deduct as a certain …………… .., who receives the maximum pension given to us and we have also appointed him as an advisor, receiving 500 new lek above the maximum pension, ie in total 1,400 lekë income, and again he complains that “the party is not interested in me”! He wanted us to come out, because he is not beaten in his place. But what has this man done for the Party and for the dictatorship? Nothing more than an ordinary cadre and his claims are those of a bourgeois. In my opinion, being in the Party for such people has been a coincidence. The party has behaved with them in the best, most correct way and these people have the impudence to say that “the party is not interested” in them!
I think the Party should be really interested in some like these elements, bring them to themselves, because they are exploiting and abusing over indulgence and the goodness of the Party and the class. We must find and recognize that the criticism we make of our work, our friends, the self-criticism we are making is not easy, it is severe, many times bitter and difficult. These are often understood correctly and serve for the education and correction of works and people, but sometimes they are not done or understood properly in both directions, both in terms of criticism and self-criticism. In the end do we think we have always found the right measure? We cannot always say that. We communists must make great efforts to be as accurate as possible in our judgments, as fair as possible in our decisions, and as calm as possible in our examination of problems. The facts showed and show that our country found itself in a difficult situation, which we had to deal with and will continue to deal with successfully. Internal and external enemies worked in an organized manner to overthrow the Party and the government. Memorie.al
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