Memorie.al publishes some archival documents extracted from the Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana with the initials “To top secret”, where there is a correspondence between the Albanian Embassy in Algeria and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana, dated July 7, 1984. , where Ambassador Nesip Kaçi informs his superiors about a book (brochure) in French, entitled “Albania under the shadow of a tyrant”, which was sent to that embassy by mail. The brochure in question, which was mailed to several other foreign embassies accredited in Algeria, talks about the life and political activity of the Albanian communist leader, Enver Hoxha, from the origin of the family, until then (1983 ), that book has been published.
“Today, July 7, 1984, four envelopes arrive at the embassy without the sender’s address with the stamp of the Algerian post office dated July 3, 1984 at 15.00, which are sent to persons containing the diplomatic book, comrade Nesip Kaçi, Kudret Kraja, Dilaver Shkurti, and Jonuz Çiraku. The envelopes contain a 17-page pamphlet entitled “Albania under the shadow of the tyrant”, on the cover of a bunker, published by Gevisobuchvertieb, post Fach 100168200 Hamburg 10.3.1983. The material contains a series of slanders against our beloved leader for distorting the reality against the Albanian-Yugoslav Yugoslav relations from the formation of the Party to the present day. They come out in defense of the traitors and sworn enemies of the Party. ” This was stated, among other things, in some telegrams with the initials “To top secret” that the Albanian embassy in Algeria sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on July 7, 1984, which bears the signature of the ambassador, Nesip Kaçi. As we will see through these archival documents issued by the Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana, which bear the initials “Too Secret” (long declassified) and which are published for the first time by Memorie.al, in The correspondence in question between our diplomatic mission in Algeria and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana, is about a book (brochure) in French, which was sent to that embassy by mail. The pamphlet in question, entitled “Albania under the shadow of a tyrant”, which has been mailed to several other foreign embassies accredited in Algeria, talks about the life and political activity of the Albanian dictator, Enver Hoxha, since the origin of family, until that time (1983), when that booklet was published. From its contents, it seems that it was published and distributed by the secret services of Yugoslavia at that time, UDBA (which is also “confirmed” by the heads of the Albanian embassy in Algeria) and it contains a chronological exposition of the Albanian communist leader, Enver Hoxha, with a series of accusations, starting from: his daughter in France during the period of the Zog Monarchy, (where it is alluded or more precisely accused that he was sent by the secret police of the Monarchy), his activity in France, journalistic writings under the pseudonym, “Lulo Malësori”, return to Albania and work as a professor at the French Lyceum of Korça, coming to the helm of the Albanian Communist Party with the help of Yugoslavs, Berat Plenum where he escaped dismissal, friendship and breakup with Yugoslavia and Joseph Broz Tito, then Stalin’s Soviet Union, and Mao Zedong’s China, the iron-clad handling of his close associates and his political opponents, his vices and paranoia. and to the miserable condition where he had turned his country, which he had ruled with an iron fist since 1944. Furthermore, we know the book in question, which Memorie.al publishes in full and with facsimiles. relevant, as located in the Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana.
DESIGN Very Secret
No. 904 By Algeria
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Today, July 7, 1984, four envelopes arrive at the embassy without the sender’s address with the stamp of the Algerian post office dated July 3, 1984 at 3 pm and sent to persons containing the diplomatic book, Comrade Nesip Kaçi, Kudret Kraja, Dilaver Shkurti, and Jonuz Çiraku. (Continued)
DESIGN Very Secret
Nr. 905 By Algeria
The envelopes contain a 17-page pamphlet entitled “Albania under the shadow of the tyrant”, on the cover of a bunker, published by Gevisobuchvertieb, post Fach 100168200 Hamburg 10.3.1983. (Continued)
DESIGN Very Secret
No. 906 By Algeria
The material contains a series of slanders against our beloved leader for distorting the reality against the Albanian-Yugoslav Yugoslav relations from the formation of the Party to the present day. They come out in defense of the traitors and sworn enemies of the Party. (Continued)
DESIGN Very Secret
Nr. 907 From Algeria
Date: it’s over
Comrade Ramiz Alia is also badly affected by our people in one place. We have the books in storage. Let us know how to deal with them.
Nr. 2821 Top Secret
Address: Embassy in Algiers
Concept: Let us know in what language it was published in the brochure “Albania under the shadow of the tyrant”, and send it to us by the first post (with people who will come from the embassy). We look forward to it.
DEFINITION Extremely Secret
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Your No. 2821. The pamphlet is anonymous, published in French. The cover says: Geviso Buchvertrieb, Post Fach 500568, 2000 Hamburg 5 – 1983. With the first post we will send you a copy, we will burn the others.
Address. All representations except Algeria
Concept: These days, our embassy, in Algeria, and some other foreign embassies there, have been sent by mail, a brochure with hostile content against our country entitled “Albania, under the shadow of the tyrant.” Let us know if you have been notified, or if you have been notified by a representative.
Embassy of the People’s Republic
Socialist of Albania
Algeria Top Secret
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
According to your instruction, we are sending you the brochure entitled “Albania, under the shadow of the tyrant”, which is being anonymously distributed to Alger’s diplomatic corps. We burned the other copies.
Brochure “Albania under the shadow of the tyrant”
Followed by the last number
With Tito’s instructions for Popovic, the SNP is formed
Militants from the Albanian Communist Party, aided by Yugoslav leaders, began forming new organizations as they prepared for a military war. Miladin Popovic and Dusan Mugosha constantly and decisively influence the Albanian communists. Enver Hoxha personally wrote the following letters to Miladin Popovic: “Never in my life have I felt so strong that when I saw a brother near me, a Yugoslav friend ready to die a hero for my people.”
On the historic letter of the eminent leader of the Yugoslav peoples to the Albanian communists in 1942, Enver Hoxha writes: for us. Tito’s name is forever associated with the Albanian people”.
After 1948, Enver Hoxha declared: “It is indisputable that Tito’s name remained unknown in our party, but our people knew it well and highly valued the war of the Yugoslav nations. “We have never established direct links with the Yugoslav National Liberation Army and have not received any assistance from them.” These words were said by the same policeman, who under the guise of a communist, shares the chauvinist ideas of the “National Front” for the creation of “Greater Albania”.
If this traitor had not taken over the leadership of the Albanian Communist Party, the Albanian people would never have claimed approximately 28,000 victims and even more wounded and maimed people. After the liberation of Albania, Tito’s Yugoslavia was the first to recognize the new Albanian government and made great efforts for its international recognition and consolidation. At the 1946 Paris Peace Conference, the Yugoslav delegation engaged in diplomatic energy action against those countries that rejected Albania’s right to participate in the talks.
Then Mocha Pijade said: “I propose that Albania be invited to participate in this conference. It is a country that has become the first source of Italian fascism in all Balkan countries. ” Greek diplomats then proposed to Yugoslav representatives the partition of Albania, which would mean its liquidation as a sovereign country. Stalin’s thought is in the same spirit; he suggests to the Yugoslavs the creation of a federation with Albania, and in this way, the latter would be invaded by the Yugoslavs. But the new Yugoslavia remains absolutely faithful to its principles and defends Albania.
On August 21, 1946, the Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Enver Hoxha, arrived in Paris. For a whole month, he stayed at the Yugoslav Embassy in Paris. Thanks to the efforts of the Yugoslavs, on November 28, 1946, for the first time since its establishment, Albania is present at this international conference. When certain Western countries proposed a very low quota for the almost degrading recovery, the Yugoslav presenter, Aleche Beller, stated that he would never sign the documents closing the conference if the quota for Albania’s recovery did not really increase.
Thanks to the activities of Yugoslav diplomats at the Paris conference, we recognize Albania’s right to be one of the allies’ allies against Hitler’s Germany. The four major powers authorize it to sign the peace treaty as a member state of the United Nations. With Tito’s Yugoslav interest, Albania has descended into the international arena.
Recognizing his visit to Belgrade on June 23, 1946, the Albanian “leader” Enver Hoxha states: “The name of your legendary marshal who was the personification of Yugoslav heroism still gave hope for a common victory over fascism during the great war.” liberation. May the friendship and brotherhood between the Albanian people and the people of Yugoslavia live forever! Long live the great Marshal Tito, a man dear to the Albanian people “.
During this meeting with Marshal Tito, Enver Hoxha was awarded the medal “National Hero of Yugoslavia”, the highest decoration of the war. On this occasion, he declares: “I will always proudly wear the medal I have just decorated, because it is a symbol of the legendary efforts of the Yugoslav nations and the countless victims they gave during this terrible war for the liberation of your country and all others ”
After the Second World War, the situation in Albania became catastrophic and miserable. The Italian and German occupiers inflicted heavy damage on the country. Despite the fact that the new Yugoslavia itself suffered great difficulties, it immediately provided assistance to the Albanian people. Following requests from the Albanian leadership, Yugoslavia sends many specialists, food products, current consumer goods and industrial technology.
Representatives of Tirana often came to Yugoslavia, not only to seek help, but also to use the Yugoslav experience in forming the new state government. Again in December 1944, Veilimir Stoinic was sent to Albania as a member of the military mission, responsible for providing assistance in creating the national economy. But instead of starting to liquidate feudal relations, Enver Hoxha insisted that the villagers pay a tax equal to one-tenth of their income. Only after consulting with Nako Spiro, a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Albanian Communist Party, and Edvard Kardel, the green light was given to land reform.
One more thing: the Yugoslav government has sent 41 specialists to carry out the economic program. The Albanian newspaper “Bashkimi”, in its issue of November 21, 1947, appreciates the merits of the Yugoslav communists, in this great work done. Until 1948, the entire Albanian industry was organized with the help of Yugoslavia. It was also that helped Albania to organize public health, to establish State Security organs and the Army, and even the National Theater. From 1945 to 1948, more than 470 Albanians were trained in Yugoslav military schools. Enver Hoxha insists that Albania have fighter jets. It should be noted that Yugoslavia borrowed 407,791,000 dinars for Albania for national defense alone.
During the period from 1947 to 1948, Yugoslavia exported goods to Albania worth more than 2 billion dinars, while the latter imported Albanian goods to Yugoslavia in the amount of almost 290 million dinars. The difference between the two amounts is used to lend to Albania. This balance does not include the free education of Albanian schoolchildren and students in Yugoslavia.
Enver Hoxha quickly forgot all this help and in 1948, during the conflict with the Yugoslav government, always guided by his mania for “Greater Albania”, he sided with Stalin. He later changes his allies, Khrushchev and Mao Zedong, one after another, to show that he is the only one in the world who remains loyal to Marxist-Leninist theory. He even takes the bread out of the mouths of Albanians, to create “Marxist-Leninist” parties as he calls them – in fact they are small groups of lazy politicians, who become parasites of the Albanian people.
The victims of Enver Hoxha’s tyranny are innumerable. Among them are many Yugoslav citizens. During the period from 1948 to 1950, 675 reconnaissance officers were relocated from Albania to Yugoslavia. As a result of the shootings, 34 Yugoslav border guards were killed. In the territory of Albania, 8 espionage centers and subversive actions against Yugoslavia were exhibited. Albanian secret services instructed intelligence groups to organize an uprising in Kosovo. All the while, Albanian intelligence services are using Yugoslav immigration from the office.
At the same time as this subversive action against Yugoslavia, Enver Hoxha managed to turn his homeland into a prison. He has set up several forced labor camps for young people who disagreed with its policy. Here is a decree showing the inhuman substance of his regime:
Article 1: “Judicial investigation should not be extended for more than 9 days”
Article 2: “The accusation must be raised on the eve of the trial”,
Article 3: “It is forbidden for the courts to be executed before the parties”
Article 4: “Apologies are prohibited”:
Article 5: “The death penalty is executed immediately after it is imposed”
This decree, announced on February 22, 1951, reveals the tyranny in Albania. Another decree on internment and deportation does not spare even the children of convicts. None of the party activists who had cooperated with Enver Hoxha in the war have survived today. Even today, 40 years later, he has left and finds the senses of the enemy everywhere, in the Central Committee in the Army, in etc. In 1973-1975 alone, more than 30,000 people were oppressed by the dictator. The “provocative agent” remains loyal only to his fascist masters. He continues to kill communists, to keep the fascists in power. It is the case of Ramiz Alia, who in 1939, was an active member of Mussolini’s fascist groups, and is currently the main ideologue of the Albanian Communist Party.
To divert people’s attention from the abyss where he was drawn, Enver Hoxha and his agents incite hatred against Yugoslavia for reviewing and annexing Kosovo. According to Tirana, more than 2,00,000 Albanians are believed to live in Yugoslavia. These people would be deprived of their rights and Kosovo would be the poorest region in the country. If it is a matter of underdevelopment it is, today’s Albania is a symbol of underdevelopment and poverty. In Albania you do not see a single private car, while in Kosovo, one in two families owns one. In Prishtina alone, the number of television sets is higher than in the whole of Albania.
Instead of trying to raise the standard of living of his people, Enver Hoxha and his secret services (State Security) made the hatred of the people great, thanks to the lies and slanders circulating in its propaganda. . As a result of the subversive activities of his secret services in Kosovo in April 1981, demonstrations of nationalist content took place. Everything showed that Albania was at a crossroads against Yugoslavia. Several pro-Albanian organizations abroad also engaged in this crusade: “Balli Kombëtar”, “Bashkimi i Popullit të Kosovës”, “Kosova e azad”, “Barazia”, ”Friends of New Albania”, and The Red Front. Albania assigns an important role to these organizations in overseeing Kosovo. The subversive activity of these organizations is personally led by Enver Hoxha.
In Macedonia and Kosovo, we have discovered several clandestine groups, which makes us think that Enver Hoxha’s fifth column is functioning with full force. At the VIII Congress of the Communist Party of Albania, which was held in November 1981, in his report, Enver Hoxha again accused Yugoslavia, stating: “Yugoslav revisionists are planning to liquidate the leadership of the Albanian Party. They see the annexation of Albania as the seventh republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and in this way, they hope to end the Albanian nation once and for all. ” These accusations of Enver Hoxha are unfounded. Yugoslavia has never organized a conspiracy against the leadership of the Albanian party. The speech of the “leader” made on November 10, 1982, at a rally in Tirana before the elections, was an escalation of the irredentism of “Greater Albania”.
It has been decades since the “leader” did everything possible to strengthen the enemy’s “champagne” against Yugoslavia. He never stops complaining in vain about Kosovo Albanians. But can’t he understand that even in 1948, the vast majority of Albanians in our country clarified that they wanted to be part of the union of the peoples of the R.S.F.Y. (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). Political fraudster Enver Hoxha tries in vain to provoke divisions among the Yugoslav peoples and to live with the old conceptions of a Yugoslav division. Today in Albania, persecution and oppression are in full swing against Albanian leaders who do not agree with the policy of the tyrant. It is this policy that has brought Albania into complete isolation. Enver Hoxha wants to deceive the international public opinion, to divert attention from terror and killings.
“Leader” Enver Hoxha has blamed Yugoslavia, saying that the latter has been implicated in Albania’s internal affairs. The political demagogue claims that Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu, a suicide bomber in 1981, was an agent of Yugoslavia. Most of the Albanian people could never believe the lies and rumors and intrigues of this political charlatan. In his book Titists, published in Tirana in December 1982, Enver Hoxha, the unworthy “leader”, again tries to “unmask” and slander Yugoslavia and the League of Yugoslav Communists.
The book abounds, with absurd lies and serious allegations raised only against Yugoslavia. All of Enver Hoxha’s stories about socialist Yugoslavia, not similar ones, are doomed to fail. The Albanian people will never forget the misfortune, the suffering, the humiliating isolation for which they have been condemned by their criminal “leader”. History means her last word, against the dictator./Memorie.al