Memorie.al publishes a voluminous archival file issued by the institution of the Authority for Information of Former State Security Files, where there are hundreds of documents with the logo “Top secret” belonging to the former political prisoner, Xhavit Qesja, originally from the city of Kruja, whose family during the period of occupation of the country, 1939-1944, was closely associated with the Anti-Fascist Movement, being one of its main bases and made available all the wealth it had, as Xhavit was one of the first members of the Albanian Communist Party for the Kruja district, leading the Kruja-Ishëm partisan battalion and the 22nd Assault Brigade. Xhavit Qese’s political career after the end of the War, where he was appointed and served in senior positions in the Albanian Army, the apparatus of the Central Committee of the ALP, and several districts of the country, from where he was sent to study in the Soviet Union, where stayed until 1957, when he was announced to return to Albania urgently, after openly expressing his views in favor of the political line being pursued by the main Kremlin leader, Nikita Khrushchev, condemning the Stalin cult. Enver Hoxha’s conversation with Xhavit Qesen in his office in the Central Committee, where he sharply criticized him for the wrong views he had expressed during his studies in Moscow, urging him to reflect and make self-criticism, but Xhavit rejected the suggestion of the first secretary of the Albanian Labor Party, which caused him to no longer be allowed to go to the Soviet Union to complete his studies, but to be sent to work as deputy chairman of the Elbasan Executive Committee, from where a year later, he was expelled from the Party and exiled to Zvërnec Island, where the communist regime kept isolated some of the former senior party and state cadres whom he had condemned for their anti-party views. Xhavit Qesva’s long ordeal and persecution from 1957 to 1990, where he spent a full 32 years in prison and internment, being one of the few convicts in Burrell Prison who went on long hunger strikes in protest of the treatment and savage attitude that the communist regime of Enver Hoxha was holding towards him. The complete form, investigative and judicial file in charge of Xhavit Qeses, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al, which contains the documents of the former State Security that reflect the prosecution and wiretapping against him, the reports of Security collaborators with pseudonyms their correspondence with the letters he sent to the highest party and state instances, as well as the highest leaders of the ALP, until 1991 when he was released from prison!
Continued from the previous issue
The secret document approved by the chairman of the Burrel Branch of Internal Affairs, Flamur Sinojmeri, for the mitigation of wiretapping measures against the convict Xhavit Qesja, from 2/A to 2/B
CHAIRMAN OF THE INTERNAL BRANCH “Secret”
Flamur Sinojmer Examples No. 1962
Burrel me 3 / XI / 1970
On the reduction from category 2 / A to the cone. Op / 2.B
I, the operative worker, Shaban Hate, effective of the Burrel Internal Affairs Branch, Security side, from the study I did on the form file in 2 / A in charge of the prisoner Xhavit Qesja:
Xhavit Qesja, son of Hajdari and Sabrije, born in 1920, born in Kruja and now in Burrel prison, with higher education, middle class of merchants, married, with Albanian nationality and citizenship. His attitude during the war has been good. After the liberation of the country, he held various positions, since Xhavit had revisionist views; he transferred to work in Elbasan. The Elbasan Branch of Internal Affairs resumes active processing on 15 / XI / 1957.
Both in Elbasan and in exile in Zvërnec, they have given in his direction a series of B.p., where his hostile activity is clearly evident. He is sentenced to 10 years in prison for hostile activity. Being in prison in Burrel carries out hostile activities, this emerges from the records of B.p. “Do”.
In July, Xhavit addressed a letter to the Party leadership, in which he spoke with hostility, for which a criminal case was launched against him, and he was finally sentenced to 17 years, 2 months and 19 days. Recently, Xhaviti has been isolated on his own; his processing is difficult, due to the above prison conditions:
To reduce the processing of Xhavit Qeses, from active processing 2 / A, to operational controls 2 / B.
Report of the Deputy Chairman of the Burrel Branch of Internal Affairs, Ismail Musta, regarding the danger posed by the convict Xhavit Qesja and the measures taken against him
“Secret” Burrel on 5.2.1971
R E L A T I O N
“On the prisoner Xhavit Qesen”
As stated in the decision to reduce from category 2 / A to operational controls 2 / B, Xhaviti, after being finally sentenced to 17 years, 2 months and 19 days, is isolated in the dungeon, for the very fact that he refused in any way to join with other anti-party convicts.
It should be noted that Xhavit hated the anti-art element, so much so that when the command and you ordered him to go to room No. 3, together with Maqo Çoma, Halim Xhelon and others; he refused and went to hunger strike, for several days in a row. For this, seeing that Xhavit was not making a turn, he was left in the dungeon where he had been before.
During his time in the dungeon his further hostile activity could not be controlled and detected, for the very conditions of the prison. Only incoming and outgoing letters and persons coming to the meeting were checked no other action in his direction has been taken. He was recently hospitalized in Tirana.
It is to be emphasized that this enemy constantly creates attacks with the internal guards, deliberately to discredit them, and the command has taken measures for his isolation.
Constantly writes letters with dubious content and that this should be checked.
In the meetings he had with his mother, there were cases when he was interrupted, for the fact that he speaks in the address of the leadership.
This enemy should be kept in mind and under the strict control of the agency, as it explodes in moments of its hostile activity.
This report is made and placed in its file.
Operational Workshop Deputy Chairman of the Internal Affairs Branch
Shaban Hate Ismail Musta
“Top secret” information report of the State Security Operational Officer, Vasil Gjergji, with the data of the collaborator with the nickname “Pëllumbi”, regarding the surveillance of Xhavit Qeses in Burrel prison
Top Secret Taken from P. Op. Vasil Gjergji
Given by B.p. “Pigeon”
Report dated 12.6.1971
On May 21, he talked to the convict Xhavit Qesja and among other things the latter said: He hates not only our Party and the socialist system, but he hates the whole socialist system and communism applied so far in all countries of the world. I say Xhaviti I want a socialist system, not only with the way of organizing the political and economic life of the country, the same with the western countries (America, England, France, Italy) etc.
Where in the economy “personal gain” plays the main role. And with a political regime that there is no force of violence of a part of society, on the part or other parts of society and this is achieved mainly “Having in the leadership of society, or as we call the state, people with comprehensive development of thought- scientific, cadres not only have necessarily completed higher education, but also the best, the most skilled among them and with a scientific tendency and mainly humanitarian people”.
Also on June 2 and 11, Xhavit said that he hated him a lot Z since Zvërnec. I say Xhaviti went on a hunger strike for 5 days, to escape from room No. 3 and I agreed to stay in the dungeon, not to hear this ignorant person talking about politics. This four-grade school wants Jakubofski to come to Albania, who will look with his tanks at the bones of the Albanians and make him Prime Minister and his wife the First Secretary.
Precisely for this reason, where without any logical reasoning and without any principality, he praises everything Soviet, of course those related to Khrushchev and his comrades, sings Russian songs to us all day, made them to have as a trampoline , that tomorrow to show himself as a hero and a man with the Soviets of Albania, to achieve his goal.
And his wife (…….) that he does not know what, no, both from the point of view of political and ideological uplift are like the pot with the lid. He goes so far, says convict Xhavit Qesja, not even to praise the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956, where Soviet tanks killed thousands of innocent Hungarian children, women and the elderly. But these criminals allegedly do this in the name of communism, as they did with their actions in Czechoslovakia that fired cannons and planes to kill people, these executioners who ostensibly defend Marxism-Leninism.
Now the convict jo .not only this, but also others say that they are with the XX Congress of the Soviet Union, they are now when the others removed his armchair from his ass and that now that Enver Hoxha and his comrades are against this congress and that they hope to take the seats again, even softer, they have nothing but the Soviets, they are done with the XX Congress, these adventurers are no more, only with interest their own, when they supported the XX Congress in Albania, at the Tirana Conference and later they fought as hard as they could, because they were afraid of being deprived of their seats.
This man (………….) Now becomes to us the most capable man of a “genius” as he calls Khrushchev, they did this to call others very skilled in the high Soviet spheres, and that he had a friendship with a genius leader, so he not only has his support, but he himself is a genius prince, but the fool does not know, that Khrushchev, the former idiot musician completely uneducated.
This provocative attitude against command and leadership ………… and his comrades, keep to show inflexibility to come out as leaders and letters to key people in the center, make them not too broadly serious and with principled demands , but in vain, so that tomorrow they may be found in the archives and raise their value. And what leader, Xhaviti continues, could be this Dilaveri, an uneducated villager, who does not understand anything and is dealing with politics, teaches us languages such as Italian, French, Italian, when he does not know Albanian well, cannot distinguish the personal name from the demonstrative.
Or ………a command spy since Zvërnec, _________________. This man to climb the career ladder is ready to cross with tanks on the bones, not only of the people, but even of his mother. They and each other are evil and try to put their finger on each other, but since they have formed the “Moscow Party”, they share common interests.
Xhavit in conversations with him and Zian, praises the abundance and democratic freedom in Western countries, cursing the entire Soviet and Polish communist system, and others, especially the Chinese and our leadership. We talk about our constitution as supposedly the best in the world, but did you know that in England there is no constitution at all and in England there are all political convictions, even communism is propagated, the Communist Party is allowed with its press and develops its own propaganda, demonstrations are allowed, there is one of the most famous democrats who means to humanity, do not forget that in that monarchical system, even a century ago lived and created their works Marx and Engels, that we published those that were directed against the government in power and this state has no constitution at all.
On June 6, in conversations with the convict Zia Dibra, the latter told him: “If the Yugoslav Communist Party and Tito did not exist, the Albanian Communist Party and the Albanian National Liberation Movement would not exist. Titua has the main merits that our Party was formed and the Yugoslavs through Meladin and Dusan, formed the Party and the Albanian National Liberation Movement and they practically lead the Central Committee of the Party and the General Staff.
Titua has been very internationalist towards Albania, that if he wanted, he would have annexed Albania since 1945, because Stalin had left Albania to Tito, the slogan “the road to Moscow passes through Belgrade”, was given with Stalin’s approval. If Tito had made Albania the seventh republic, it would have been in the interest of the Albanian people that the Republic of Albania would have been created, together with the lands of Kosovo and Metohija, and would have been even more industrially developed and cultural and would have a very high economic level and a real democracy.
Now he is being asked a lot by these people of ours with Tito, but Titua is an old wolf and he is getting very close to you, he ate his head and I can give them Kosovo and Metohija and through them to return Albania to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and if that happens and now it will be great luck for the Albanian people again.
On June 7, in Maqo’s room and between Zijai, Maqoja said: Enver Hoxha was put at the head of the Party, Koço Tashkoja said that he, as the Commander of the Korça group, had ties with the Comintern and he instructed the mass authority to be elected Secretary of -a Muslim person, young and intelligent, handsome in body and face, but not one of the leaders of any communist group, because they had a party spirit and quarreled with each other, Enver Hoxha at that time was in the circle of to the bourgeois sympathizers of the Korça group, he was not even a member of the group, but Koço proposed this to the Comintern and the Comintern, based on the characteristics given by Koçua, ordered him to solve it and is now eating the head of his teacher (Koços).
But Enver, the former First Secretary, formally only in the name that the whole activity of the Central Committee and the Army Headquarters was led by Meladini and Dushani, even Meladini reprimanded Enver so much on various occasions that he cursed him as a child.
This Party that was created now turned into the Party of Labs and is no longer a party of the working class, but a party of the cult of persons in power and of rural origin. That is why they gave Dibra, which is the most backward district and the whole peasant district, the title of “Hero of Socialist Labor” and that there they started the new method of work with concentrated blows, because everything is supposedly led by the peasantry.
From the 21st to the 27th of May, the source says, Bedriu has always been seen alone, while on June 2, Bedriu went to Xhavit’s room and there were some Chinese and English magazines watching, the magazine came with two plasma records for the gramophone, with music “Red China” and an additional magazine with the lyrics of the music.
Bedriu at this time said that: the power-holders spend the sweat of the people for their propaganda purposes, producing thousands of records in this music that brings nothing to the Chinese people, and they send this magazine with notes everywhere for free, spending millions of lek with these and the people work like animals, and dragging carts with the earth, here socialism seems to be fools, capitalists and criminals who drink (allegedly) drink the blood of their working class, with modern electric cars.
Also on June 10, Bedriu in various conversations said: Federal Germany has now become like America long ago, where not only Germans have jobs secured, but with the highest economic level in the world. They write in newspapers and on the radio that workers in Germany and elsewhere are on strike to improve living conditions, but do not say what they specifically want, do not ask for bread, no, they also have butter and meat, but want t they add them and have them cheaper, they want the work to be as less tedious as possible, while the supposedly happy Albanian did not strike because he is satisfied.
That he will be satisfied with rationed bread, with cottage cheese, that our market does not always have, no, the Albanian has socialism in the newspaper, that this has been provided by the leadership in abundance, he is on strike, he gets the bullet in the head and in at best, imprisoned for 10 years. This is socialism, or rather the most barbaric system of the time.
Bardhyl Belishova, he continues, on June 10 wrote a letter to the Prosecutor, complaining to the command, why they do not let him sunbathe, this letter was given to others to read before leaving. Today, after the Deputy Chairman of the Branch with the Commander, Bardhyl, talked first with Maqo and Dilaver, as well as with Gjin Marku, and later gathered and Koçoja, Halimi, Bedriu went later and then Ziaji, Miçoja and Pandeliu and decided to do not ventilate without the arrival of the Prosecutor, to allow us to sit and lie on the ground whenever they want, some of us agreed with this, out of shame towards friends.
When he was later questioned by the Branch President and others, especially Bedri, he shouted and as the chairs moved, the impression was created that Bedri was being beaten and there was a kind of protest shouting “Do not beat him”, falling doors, especially Halimi, Dilaveri and Maqoja. Bedriu, when he came, said that we should not accept any conversation with the Branch, except with the Prosecutor and that no other issue should be raised because the value of this is gone.
B.p. he was instructed to take the same stance as he has taken so far and not to go out against them. At the same time they were instructed to learn their thoughts and intentions regarding the organization and the main ones of this mess, although some are known. Memorie.al
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