Memorie.al/ publishes some archival documents issued by the institution of the Authority for Information of Former State Security Files, where there is a voluminous file belonging to Tuk Jakova, who since the period of Zog Monarchy, was one of the leaders of the Communist Group of Shkodra, sentenced to political prison in the famous trial of 1938, together with Qemal Stafa and Vasil Shanton, participant in the founding meeting of the Albanian Communist Party and member of its Central Provisional Committee, since the founding meeting of November 8, 1941, political commissar of the First Assault Brigade and the First Corps of the National Liberation Army, where from the end of the War, in November 1944 until 1955, he held several senior party and state functions and duties. , as: member of the Politburo and secretary of the Central Committee of the Albanian Communist Party, full ambassador of the People’s Republic of Albania in Belgrade, President of the Trade Unions of Albania, Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister of the Albanian government, headed by Enver Hoxha, etc. The entire voluminous file (forms and investigative) that is published for the first time by Memorie.al., Where there are hundreds of unknown documents, in charge of the former lieutenant general Tuk Jakova, (“People’s Hero”), which belong to the period 1951-1959, when he, after numerous contradictions with Enver Hoxha since the end of the war, in 1951 was expelled as a member of the Politburo and in 1955, he was expelled from the Central Committee of PPSh, being dismissed from all party and state functions, which he had held until then, was interned with his family in the district of Berat, where after working for some time as head of the Carpentry Department in that city, in 1957 was sentenced to solitary confinement in Kanina Castle, Vlora district, where he was arrested in 1958, sentenced to 20 years in prison, accused of being a “traitor and enemy of the people”, until he died in the Prison Hospital. of Tirana in 1959, in mysterious circumstances! What is said in the secret documents (reports, photographs, cards, forms, reports-information, notes, minutes, surveillance reports, plans-measures, denunciation letters, etc.) belonging to the period 1955-1959, when he was in constant surveillance and surveillance by the State Security bodies, who were the officers of the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, who were in charge of his surveillance and the names and nicknames of the Security collaborators, who kept him under strict control ?!
Continued from the previous issue
Report-information of the State Security officer, Lieutenant Anastas Bojaxhi, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Luarasi”, regarding the pursuit and surveillance of Tuk Jakova and his family in the district of Berat
Taken from Lieutenant Anastas Bojaxhiu
Report dt. 18.10.1956
The source informs that on 16.10.1956, at 8:30, he went to Tuk Jakova’s house, where he found Jani Minon and Mita Jakova (Tuk’s wife). Mita told him; what the movie “Vagabond” looked like, he told her it was good, Mita told him that; did you understand the thing, concerning our country, he said; no, Mita said; the movie “Vagabondi” for our country is current, due to the fact that even here there is fukarallëk and people are forced to steal.
That there is a lot of unemployment, to the Chairman of the Committee (Avni Verçuni), a person had gone to work, Avni had told him that there is no job, that person had told him that; or find me a job, or else you do not get along well with me. At this time, Avniu had called a Branch officer to remove him, but that officer had said that he was right to look for work. Tuku at this time said that; Avni is older than the Branch officer, so the officer should have carried out Avni’s order.
Mita said: Avni must find work for him as soon as he shakes his head. Tuku said that; When I was in the government, I went to Shkodra once, there I was introduced to a person for work, after him many others, I was surprised, because in the government the issue of work was raised differently. There it was thought and said that there is no unemployment, while in reality, down at the base, unemployment was confirmed.
The people, Tuku continues, are suffering for bread from unemployment; here I am, Tuku continues, I had no money to get sugar, so I was forced to take only 250 grams. Then opening the conversation on international politics, Tuku went on to say; since the cult of Stalin was struck, for the weaknesses as the influence of agent Beria, many improvements have been made in the relations between the peoples, this is greatly clarifying the international atmosphere, so also a series of Arab states, such as; India, Egypt, Syria, etc., are gaining national independence.
The various delegations that have been to Yugoslavia, Tuku continues, have seen how well the Yugoslav Socialists have organized their work, as the property is administered by the workers themselves, assisted by the state with loans, and they themselves then pay taxes to the state. This kind of action has greatly increased the emulation at work, as the workers work as much as they have their property, so when the delegations left, they said they would study the opportunities to take advantage of these.
I heard on the radio about the magnificent funeral that took place in Hungary, Rajkut, which was attended by hundreds of thousands of people, such a funeral, 100 years ago he was made a national hero of Hungary. For Rakoshi, Tuku continues, they say that they have isolated her from political life, she is an old revolutionary, and she is almost 40 years old. Rakoshi is a very good man, Mita and I had dinner with Rakoshi.
Imre Nagi was rehabilitated these days and his case is being studied to put him in government, he was convicted that then politics was too hasty, now he sent a letter to the Central Committee, where he accurately accepted the line followed by the Party.
A few days ago, he told Tuk that; the press in Poland criticized the Party, Tuku said; there is a thread of democracy more than in us. Ohad’s speech has been much erased like silk thread; he has criticized and made self-criticism with courage.
- See if Jani Nino comes to Tuku often and prove if they have similarities between them. When it comes to popular democracy, ask in which countries does Tuku have and how does he characterize the patriotism of their peoples.
Report-information of the State Security officer, Lieutenant Muhamed Haxhija, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Besniku”, regarding the pursuit and surveillance of Tuk Jakova and his family in the district of Berat
Received from P.Op. Lieutenant / Lieutenant Muhamed Haxhia
Given by B.p. “Loyal”
Report on 14.10.1956
At 5 o’clock in the afternoon he went to the cinema Tuku with his wife, entered the Club at the Cinema, lit a cigarette with his wife, got down and entered the Club No. 2, what they did not see and did below, went into the restaurant over and over, with the women tailor, what he got there, was not seen, but with all his wife, left for home at 7 o’clock 30.
- Always watch his movements, and when there are occasions at night, let me know too.
Information report of the State Security Operational Officer, Nazif Latifi, with the data of the Security Associate with the nickname “Vigilance”, regarding the pursuit and surveillance of Tuk Jakova and his family in the district of Berat
Taken from P. Op. Nazif Latifi
From the source: “Vigilance”
Report i dt. 9/29/1956
On September 18, 1956, he had a conversation with Tuk Jakov regarding the Suez Canal and Khrushchev’s visit to Yugoslavia. During the conversation, Tuku said that; with the change made in the government and in the Central Committee of the Soviet Union, the international situation has changed in favor of the Socialist Camp. Titua has also provided good assistance in this regard. That is exactly what should be important, without exchanging visits between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia.
Party issues may also be addressed. On the positive side, or rather on the superiority of diplomacy, shows the issue of Suez and especially the recent one-sided meeting of those in the West, which was divided among them. Gradually imperialism, Tuku continued to show, was losing its partners. The Prime Minister of Japan has gone to the Soviet Union.
- Although Tuku can speak in favor of our Camp, any conversation with him should be evaluated and reported to us, as it has been done.
- For such conversations, you should spend your free time in the work center, but you can also go home, in disguise.
- I wanted to drop that chess he has at home in the work center and invite him to play with it constantly, in his spare time. This is in order for your society to be strengthened and your faith to be born.
- Op. Nazif Latifaj
Report-information of the State Security Operational Worker, Lieutenant Anatstas Bojaxhiu, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Flagging”, regarding the pursuit and surveillance of Tuk Jakova and his family in the district of Berat
Taken Lieutenant Anastas Bojaxhiu
Source provided: “FLAGING”
Report, dt. 24.11.1956
He says that on November 24, 1956, in the Bazaar in Berat, we met Irfan Salillari from the village of Fush-Peshtan. Irfani asked him saying; what do we have, he said; today I heard that Liri Gega and Dali Ndreu were shot, Irfani told him that; she yes and yes, but it has been two weeks since they arrested Tuk Jakova, then said that Titua gave a speech and hit the Stalinists and the Party leaders of our government, Irfani said that; these are signs that things will go well.
- Meet Irfan again and tell him who told you that Tuku was arrested, he lied to you, that I saw Tuku free in Berat.
- Ask what Irfan knows anything else.
Report-information of the State Security Operational Worker, Lieutenant Anatstas Bojaxhiu, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Luarasi”, regarding the pursuit and surveillance of Tuk Jakova and his family in the district of Berat
Taken Lieutenant Anastas Bojaxhiu
R E P O R T
The source informs that on 5.12.1956, at 8:30 pm, in a conversation he had with Tuk Jakova, regarding the conference held by the Chairman of the Branch of Internal Affairs in Carpentry, on the same date, Tuku said that ; The President spoke a lot about the international situation and indirectly meant that the activity of Tuk Jakova was the same as that of the events in Hungary, without mentioning Tuk, but if he mentioned Tuk, Tuk would rise and want to say: “Please, do not speculate in position, to speak as you please.”
He (Tuku) continued how can I have my hands up to my elbows stained with the blood of fascism, and now insert these hands into my ideal, for which I have fought? I have laid the foundations of our Party in many cities of our country, such as, in Vlora, Fier, etc., when many people who today are portrayed as Marxists, then were kalamaj.
My mistakes, as they claim, can be mistakes, but they should never be taken as betrayal, because they say neither wisdom nor politics, so words should never be taken for granted, but since they are delicate matters, they should be studied well. .
The President of the Branch said: That there will be no rehabilitation, this is an anti-Marxist thesis, because the Party today, to give a hand to every man, if he walks this path, then any short-sightedness would be drowned out by these words and would inadvertently become an enemy, but the communist is always a communist and does not want to know any of these, time will tell.
From the word of the Head of the Carpentry Branch, to let you know that what Imre Nagi did in Hungary, maybe I will do in Albania, but I never accept such a thing, because I am not a traitor, I have saved these days despairing, like any honest internationalist, and rejoicing in the victory of power in Hungary, no less than the others.
I am very sorry that on this holiday, they are not leaving me comfortable to celebrate happy November 8, without demagogic words. They love me by giving me as much as I deserved, now let them leave me alone (he said these words touched).
On November 7, 1956, in the evening, when he went to Tuk Jakova’s house, he found Tuku listening to the radio (Enver Hoxha’s speech), at the end of the speech, Tuku said that; in general the speech was very well connected, he is a very good orator, but I never agree to put me in a category with Anastas Lula, Koci Xoxen and others, because I am not a traitor (from these words and from the attitude of hinted that he was very affected).
On the evening of 21.11.1956, Mita was telling him that; on Sunday our mother and Dhorë came to us, as they entered, a Branch officer came to the door, who brutally asked me who had come now, I would tell him that; you who ask, know who came, why you ask in vain, but it did not occur to me, therefore I said that; mother and sister came, then he said to come immediately to the Branch.
This officer had previously come to check the house book, but now I realized that he had come for another job, although, I begged my mother to stay, he angrily said he could not, now tired got up and left in the Branch, and when they returned, they said that the mother could stay, but Dhora did not.
Then I begged that policeman that; can Dhora have a coffee standing at the door and he let me in but not go inside, so we did not talk about what was said in the Branch.
Now we understand that we are interned and we have to get permission in the Branch, when we leave Berat, therefore I will do the same when he gets permission in January that the director does not have to get permission, as it should from the Internal Affairs Branch.
- In case you meet with Tuk and open talks about the situation, especially regarding the recent events, keep in mind that the conversation comes as a result of economic problems, elections, etc.
- To go who enters and leaves Tuk’s house and if you can find suspicions of preparing clothes, or worries, staying up late at night, etc.
- Make friends with Viktor Stratobërdha./Memorie.al
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