Memorie.al publishes a rare archival document with the initials “Top secret” drafted by the State Security Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on January 19, 1950, which provides a detailed analysis of Albania’s relations with the Yugoslavia of Marshal Tito, highlighting all the crimes and genocide that the Titoist regime through Rankovic had committed against the Kosovo Albanian population.
Inspired by nationalist and chauvinist sentiments, the Yugoslav Government has in the most barbaric way terrorized the national minorities and especially, the Albanian population of Kosovo and Metohija, made up of 100,000 Albanians. This Albanian population was massacred with much more savage and barbaric methods, than those used by the kings of Serbia and the Hitler Gestapo. Thousands of innocent Kosovars have been illegally shot en masse, both during and after the war. The agent of the Yugoslav Government, within the Albanian Government, the traitor Koci Xoxe, also took part in these massacres, who in his capacity as Minister of Interior of Albania, at the beginning of 1945, authorized the UDB officers to shoot illegally and without trial, on Albanian soil, more than 1000 innocent Kosovars. “This is stated, among other things, in a “Top Secret” material of the State Security Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Albania, which is dated January 19, 1950 and has been extracted from the archive of this ministry. What is further written in that report of the State Security Directorate, by whom was it formulated and to whom is it addressed? What note was made at the top of that document, what event is in question there, and what was that relation used for, in January 1950? Who was actually the Minister of Interior of the Albanian government at the beginning of 1945 and why in that document it is said that it was Koci Xoxe?!
State Security Document
Ministry of Internal Affairs.
State Security Directorate.
First Branch. V.F L.P
Tirana 19. I. 1950
Report on terror and persecution in Kosovo
Immediately after the liberation of Yugoslavia, the people of the Kosovo Albanian minority began to be subjected to the terror and persecution of the Belgrade fascist clique. From this time on, Kosovars began to be arrested and suffered terribly from torture in Kosovo prisons. At this time mass persecutions and persecutions began. Kosovars were forced to come to Albania to escape the persecution of the UDB. Here they were followed by UDB people or escorted to Yugoslavia (Kosovo). There have been cases along the way, under the pretext that they allegedly tried to escape, being shot without trial (on the street). The fascist, chauvinist policy of the Belgrade clique towards the Kosovo Albanian minority became even more savage, i.e. has multiplied since the announcement of the Information Bureau resolution on the situation in the NLP. Ever since the proclamation of the resolution, the problem of persecution of the mass of the Kosovar people has become easier for the Titoites, because very easily, any person they know to be opponents of the Titoist regime, put the stamp of the Informbyroist and immediately imprisoned. Where the UDB has the slightest suspicion, it makes arrests. Thus he managed to imprison ordinary peasants, workers, “A.P.K.J” officials of the Titoist government. Thus, today in Kosovo prisons, there are 2000 and more prisoners. In March 1950, elections were held for the Tito government. These took place under a terror and intimidation of Party members. They were told to vote for the whole front, otherwise the one who votes in the empty ballot box will be imprisoned And P.K.J. so they have spoken to the people. A member of the K.Q.P.K.J. for Serbia, in a conference with the people of Kosovo against the front, voted for Albania.
The people in Kosovo always live in fear of arrest, surveillance, intimidation, etc., i.e. even worse than what lived in the time of the Italian-German occupiers.
- One form of work of the UDB, to keep the people under its control, is not to allow any citizen to go from a considerable part of these materials, thus violating the above-mentioned protocol, as well as the most basic principles of international law. The Yugoslav Government also arbitrarily retains other materials belonging to R.P. of Albania, as p. sh. the 3,500-tonne Borova, a large floating biga with a heavy weight of 80 tons, and many other materials, which occurred in Yugoslavia when the Albanian government denounced the economic agreements in July 1948. The Yugoslav government is sabotaging the settlement of debit-credit processes arising from past economic arrangements, after fearing that a true and fair analysis of these arrears would reveal the truth about the so-called “economic aid” of Yugoslavia against Albania, the capitalist exploitation of the Albanian people by the Yugoslav Government, as well as the obligations that belong to this towards the Albanian Government. Inspired by nationalist and chauvinist sentiments, the Yugoslav Government has terrorized and is terrorizing in barbaric ways the nationalist minorities and especially the Albanian population of Kosovo and Metohija, made up of about 1,000,000 Albanians. Thousands of innocent Kosovars were illegally shot by the masses, by UDB bodies during the war and after the war. The Yugoslav government agent, within the Albanian Government, the traitor Koçi Xoxe, who in his capacity as the Minister of Interior of Albania, in the beginning of 1945, authorized the UDB officers to shoot illegally and without trial, on Albanian soil more than 1000 innocent Kosovars. “Given that the Yugoslav Government is very afraid of the patriotism and fighting spirit of the Albanian people of Kosovo, it has ordered and taken measures to remove from Kosovo, men who are capable of fighting.”
Why was the State Security report manipulated?
Regarding that report compiled by the Security Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on January 19, 1950, it can be said that there is only a part of the truth and the rest is fabricated. What is truly reflected in that document is the first part of the State Security report, which talks about the massacres and savage genocide that the Titoist regime of Belgrade exercised against the Kosovo Albanian population after 1945, which reached its peak with the Bar Massacre, which took place in March 1945, when the Yugoslav UDB, under the direction of its government in Belgrade, executed some 4,000 innocent Kosovars. (In the Security report the number of executed Kosovars is given as 1000, but from many testimonies and sources made public after the ’90s, there is talk of about 4500 others executed). The Bar massacre is already a well-known event, where in March 1945, the Yugoslav UDB authorities, with the permission of the communist government of Enver Hoxha, crossed through Albanian territory (from Qafa e Morina in Kukës, to Han in Hoti in Shkodra) a long line of Kosovars, mostly nationalists, who were later executed on the outskirts of the Montenegrin town of Bar. This is more than true and a known fact, as the long line of Kosovars, which passed through the Albanian territory accompanied by UDB forces, was seen through the eyes of hundreds of villagers of those Northern provinces and the citizens of Shkodra. Some of them are still alive and have witnessed how innocent Kosovars were killed on the streets, in front of their eyes, who were ill, or those who could not walk in the footsteps of the comrades of the convoy. While the part that does not stand in the report compiled by the State Security and that is completely fabricated, is where it is said that the execution of 1000 Kosovars by the UDB was done in cooperation with the agent of the Yugoslav government within the Albanian government. , Minister of Interior Koci Xoxe. This does not stand, because at the time when that event took place, in March 1945, it was not Koci Xoxe, in the post of Minister of Interior, but Haxhi Lleshi.
Enver blamed Xoxes for the crimes
Koci Xoxe took over the post of Minister of Interior after the end of the Special Court in mid-April 1945, which he headed as chairman. But can what is said in the State Security report about who was the Minister of Interior at that time be called an inaccuracy? If we look closely at the course of events of that time, we come to the conclusion that it was not just an inaccuracy, but the opposite: the name of Koci Xoxe was put there intentionally and the whole document was compiled by the Security Directorate only for that matter. The people who drafted that document, not that they did not know who was the Minister of Interior in March 1945, but they did it with the intention of implicating Xoxen in that event. To discuss this more concretely, let us recall that the document in question is dated 19 September 1950, exactly a few months after the death sentence of Koci Xoxe. After the elimination that Enver Hoxha made of Xoxa, whom he saw as his rival for power, he and his men took care to raise a black halo for the former Minister of Interior, charging him with all the crimes that were made in Albania, from the end of the War until the end of 1948, when Xoxe was dismissed from all his state and party functions. In this context, there is also the report of the State Security, which was deliberately drafted and corresponds exactly to the time when it was the culmination of the campaign to denigrate the figure of Koci Xoxa, to bill him for the Bar Massacre. If Koci Xoxa’s involvement and cooperation with the UDB in the shooting of thousands of innocent Kosovars was true, that would have been said to Koci since the First Congress, when he was attacked and charged with various things. , and there was no need to leave that thing when he was shot. But, like many other crimes where Enver was directly implicated, he took care to bill Koci Xoxes for the Bar Massacre./Memorie.al