Memorie.al publishes some archival documents with the logo “Top Secret” issued from the Archive of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, where there is a State Security information report with the logo “Top Secret”, dated 3.12.1957, which is sent to the Central Committee of the ALP and personally Hysni Kapos, where detailed information is given from the wiretaps made at that time, Tuk Jakova, former secretary of the Central Committee of the SNP, member of the People’s Assembly and Deputy Prime Minister of the Albanian government headed by General-Colonel Enver Hoxha, who since April 1955 when he was dismissed from all party and state functions, was interned with his family in the city of Berat working as a carpenter. In those documents, in addition to wiretapping and nicknames of collaborators such as: “Luarasi”, “Philanthropy”, “Vigilance”, “Nuredini”, “Loyal”, who reported on those conversations and accusations that Tuk Jakova made about Enver Hoxha, Mehmet Shehun, etc., by the senior leadership, are also given the wiretaps made to Bedri Spahiu, Hulusi Spahiu, etc., as well as the medical report of the death of Tuk Jakova in the Tirana Prison Hospital on August 26, 1959, which have signed three of the most famous doctors of that time, as Dr. Xhavit Gjata, Dr. Fejzi Hoxha and Dr. Petro Cani.
“Tuk Jakova, processed by the Berat Branch of Internal Affairs, categorized in 2 / A on 13 / VIII / 1955 as an element that was raised against the Party for the revision of its line. In his direction have given B.P. “Luarasi”, “Philanthropy”, “Vigilance”, “Nuredini”, “Besniku”. During the processing that was done to Tuk, it turned out that he carries out activities against the Party and its leadership. He claims that the economic situation of our country has been unjustly affected, he presents it as difficult, with many shortages, and unemployment. He spoke well about the anti-party element of the Tirana Conference and considered this event from which our leadership should benefit from correcting the Party’s mistakes “.
This is stated, among other things, in a State Security information report with the initials “Top Secret”, dated 3/12/1957, which is sent to the Central Committee of the ALP and personally to Hysni Kapos, where detailed data are given. from the wiretaps made at that time to Tuk Jakova, the former secretary of the Central Committee of the SNP, member of the People’s Assembly and deputy prime minister of the Albanian government headed by Colonel-General Enver Hoxha, who since 1955 when he was dismissed by all party and state functions, was interned with his family in the city of Berat working as a carpenter.
Also in this document, in addition to wiretaps and nicknames of collaborators such as: “Luarasi”, “Philanthropy”, “Vigilance”, “Nuredini”, “Loyal”, are given the wiretaps that were made to Bedri Spahiu, Hulusi Spahiu, etc. , as well as the medical report of Tuk Jakov’s death at the Tirana Prison Hospital on August 26, 1959, which was signed by three of the most famous doctors of that time, such as Dr. Xhavit Gjata, Dr. Fejzi Hoxha and Dr. Petro Cani. For more about these and many other facts and events related
to Tuk Jakova and Bedri Spahiu, we know the document in question that is made public for the first time by Memorie.al
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA VERY SECRET
MINISTRY OF P. INTERIOR
DIRECTORATE OF STATE INSURANCE
Nr. 65 Prot.
Tirana on 3.12.1957
SUBJECT: On some comments of the anti-party element
CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF P.P. ALBANIAN
SHOKUT HYSNI KAPO
Below we are writing briefly about the data we have recently had about some anti-party elements.
Tuk Jakova and Hulusi Spahiu: In the conversations they have had recently with one of our sources, both Tuku and Hulusiu say:
“Enver did not fight, he did not see the war, he remained closed, etc. Behind the scenes of Berat, there was nothing, only created by Enver Hoxha. Enver acted as he pleased, he put Koçi Xoxen and Liri Gega in a quarrel for the second place. In Berat, the Yugoslavs did not intervene, but if they wanted to, they did. Likewise, there was no intervention from the Yugoslavs in the VIII Plenum.
In the VIII Plenum, says Tuku, it turned out that in the head of our Party, there was a faction and this is true, after Comrade Enver and Nako Spiru talked to each other, but seeing this situation Enver, left it to all Nakos, not leaving him long term, was forced to kill himself and thus cover for Comrade Enver the relations he had with Nakos.
At the 1st Congress of the Party, Tuku continues, it was said that Enver has been isolated, this is not true, but it is said to escape criticism from the Party mass and not to make self-criticism, they also link and all the activity of Koçi Xoxe, but for all the faults and mistakes of Koçi Xoxe he was aware and Enver after he was the General Secretary of the Party, therefore you have to make an in-depth analysis of this, because this does not take place today that you charge everything to Koçi ”.
Speaking about the leadership of the Party as a whole, Tuku says, “None of the leadership can be worked with. The whole Bureau needs to be vacuumed to rectify the situation. You cannot be forgiven for their sins. Young people must be put in the leadership once, you cannot work with Enver Hoxha in any way. The Party leadership was corrupted by being surrounded by blocs and goodies. “A serious situation has been created around them.”
Regarding democracy and the unity of the Party, both Tuku and Hulusiu say, “Democracy in our Party is not complete because every member of the party is not allowed to say what he thinks, and which is true. Thus e.g. I, says Tuku, what I presented to the Plenum were right and that is how I thought, while “they” took all those measures against me. Leninist norms in the Party have been broken. They expel Mita from the Party as if the landlord is taking the farmer out of the farm. The Tirana Conference is suppressed, because there the comrades ask the right questions and measures are taken against them until deportation “. The same is said by Hulusi Spahiu.
“Even the unity in the Party, says Tuku and Hulusiu, is lacking because in the Plenum there is no criticism and self-criticism on the shortcomings because they are afraid to criticize comrades Enver and Mehmet.”
Regarding socialist legitimacy, both Tuku and Hulusiu say that there was and is a violation that Koçi Xoxe should not have been shot and Njazi Islami who killed himself, but “these” killed him. Dali Ndreu and Liri Gega are said to have been shot without any guilt. They also talk about the measures that have been taken against other people in this category and that in this regard there are serious and unforgivable mistakes.
Speaking about our relations with Yugoslavia, Tuku and Hulusiu say:
“Our relations with Yugoslavia are hindered by Mehmet Shehu and Liri Belishova. “They accuse Yugoslavia that socialism is not being built there and they are an agency, but time is showing that socialism is being built there and they are not an agency, so these relations must be repaired because that is what the situation demands.”
Both Tuku and Hulusiu foresee the change of the situation in Albania and the consideration of their issue. They expect this change with the intervention of the Soviet Union and the improvement of our relations with Yugoslavia.
“In case of change,” says Tuk Jakova, “Enver will maneuver again.” “It means that Mehmet Shehu and Liri Belishova have prevented me from improving relations with Yugoslavia, so in order to save myself I will sacrifice them.”
“Enver,” says Hulusi Spahiu, “will remain in the leadership again because the Soviets and the people love him.” This will allow all changes to be made immediately. “If Mehmet Shehu and Liri Belishova are removed, Hulusiu continues, Beqir Balluku will be appointed Prime Minister, as he is not tainted with Mehmet’s mistakes”.
Regarding the anti-party group ‘Malenkov, Kaganovic, Molotov’, Tuk Jakova says: “We also have dogmatism in the leadership. Our leadership will not fall. “They are constantly looking to lead the old.”
Speaking about Comrade Enver’s article on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the October Revolution, Tuku said: “He makes the article that Zhukov is coming. “These (leaders) are very old and with this article they put a patch on all your wrong activity.”
Speaking about the escape of Panajot Plaku, Tuku says: “Panajot did well to leave, if he did not leave, and he would suffer like us, even worse. The escape of Panajot Plaku endangered “them” a lot because he knew everything. “Panayot hit them hard, especially with the help of the Soviet Union and the economic victories they advertised.”
Regarding the measure taken against Sejfulla Malëshova and Ymer Dishnica, Tuku and Hulusiu say: years, he calls him the enemy and servant of the bourgeoisie. For Ymer Dishnica, Hulusi Spahiu says
that: “They themselves told him to do so in Mukje, then they took measures against him and today they call him an enemy”.
- Tuku and Hulusiu present the economic situation of our country as difficult due to bad management from above, the numerous forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and lack of control. They consider the complete abolition of the subsistence system as a political success, while they consider the standard of economic living to be very low compared to that of 1938. They say that the collectivization of agriculture is not done on a voluntary basis but by force, and that the instruction of the Central Committee in 1949, for the kulaks was not fair.
Bedri Spahiu, speaking to Comrade Enver Hoxha, Bedriu, says: “I wonder how this man left the leadership of the Party. “There was no manliness in the war, and if it were not for the Yugoslav comrades, the SNP would not have appeared at all.”
Behri calls the backstage of Berat shameful that it was considered as such. “There,” says Bedriu, “were the Yugoslav comrades who enlightened us about the formation of a real party, and if it was for Enver, it would be very difficult to have a party, but it would be better not to have it at all, then with such a leadership, which have led the people into misery and misfortune. “They are proud of some deeds they have done, but they do not tell the truth how much blood and sacrifice this people had to do these deeds.”
Regarding Koçi Xoxe, Bedriu says: “Koçi Xoxe fell victim to the stinking situation created by the Russians. The so-called bright letters, which were the darkest for our party, signed by Stalin and Molotov, are the ones that led our Party to a scandalous state. Enver and his comrades, as blindly subjugated to Moscow, shamelessly wrote the worst about Comrade Tito, who is a mirror and objective Marxist. “But those in that mirror saw their faces and rushed against all those comrades who had the courage to speak half a word about the truth of the Yugoslav comrades.”
Speaking about his and Tuk Jakova’s attack, Bedri Spahiu says: “I and Tuk Jakova are hit, because we are those two figures with communist courage, who speak the truth, as Tuk did for Miladin and Dushan, that these friends Yugoslavs are the organizers of the formation of our Party and when Tuku asked that history does not hide this fact, Enver Hoxha and Mehmet Shehu were left with their shoulders against the wall, like everyone else, but for me it was the truth and I stood as The men, therefore, arrested me as soon as I left the meeting “.
Regarding the Tirana Conference, Bedriu says: “The Tirana Conference is one of the most courageous conferences, it is that future generations will be proud that it has blown out all the slanders that have been made about the Yugoslav comrades, the rehabilitation of Koçi Xoxes and many other injustices that have been done, but the day will come when this light will come to light and the perpetrators will be punished. I am glad that the Yugoslav comrades found out about all this because Panajot Plaku told them that, being against the crooked line, he escaped.
From the elaborations in the direction of the anti-party element, as main elaborations are followed, the elaboration of Tuk Jakova, Bedri Spahiu, Nesti Kerenxhit, Naxhije Duma, Pëllumb Dishnica, Peço Fidhi, Gjovalin Luka, Tahir Kadare, Hulusi Spahiu, Abedin Shehu, Seed and Dhora Lekë, about whom we are briefly talking as follows:
Tuk Jakova, processed by the Berat Branch of Internal Affairs, categorized in 2 / A on 13 / VIII / 1955 as an element that was raised against the Party for the revision of its line. In his direction have given B.P. “Luarasi”, “Philanthropy”, “Vigilance”, “Nuredini”, “Besniku”. During the processing that was done to Tuk, it turned out that he carries out activities against the Party and its leadership. He claims that the economic situation of our country has been unjustly affected, he presents it as difficult, with many shortages, and unemployment. He spoke well of the anti-party element of the Tirana Conference and considered this event from which our leadership should benefit from correcting the Party’s mistakes.
He said that the leadership of the Party did not make self-criticism in the III Congress. He expressed the opinion that the situation in our country will change, with the intervention of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. He closely followed the events in Hungary and Poland, and declared that Gomulka’s coming to power was a victory for the proletariat. Prior to his deportation, Tuku had contacts with Bedri Spahiu, Frano Jakova, Ymer Dishnica. Dhora Leka played the role of liaison, between Tuk and the Yugoslavs on the one hand, and Tuk and Bedri on the other. The agency that is in his direction today does not enjoy his full confidence, and that’s because since the time of exile it has been limited.
As a task in relation to Tukun, the first step is to complete the combination, to send Tukun to the house where the technical means are placed, and after that to make the combination for sending Dhora Lekë to Berat and Elbasan to Bedriu. In addition, the agent “Tomorri” was recruited who through the combination was transferred to Berat, for the processing of Tuk.
Parallel to the activation of this elaboration, considering the fact that Tuku responded negatively to the Yugoslavs on the occasion of the call made by them through the agency will influence him to paralyze him in this regard.
The medical commission composed of Dr. F. Hoxha, P. Cani, Xh. Gjata, by order of the Comrade Minister of the Interior, examined the clinical file and documents and anatomopathological reports of the deceased Tuk Jakova and found the following:
- From the anamnesis marked on the card it is clear that the patient presented to the hospital with a very long delay, more than 30 hours from the onset of the first signs of the disease; this delay caused the appendicitis to rupture with the onset of an acute peritonitis.
- Diagnosis made by guard surgeon Dr. Q. Lezho, has been correct.
- The operation was performed once according to the rules of surgical art.
- It has never been right after surgery after penicillin, streptomycin, camphor, caffeine, etc., but it has not been complete for the following reasons:
- Given the severe form of the disease (peritoneal perforated appendicitis) it was necessary to fight with all means from the beginning to avoid the main complications that occur with these cases such as intoxication and paralytic ileus.
Specifically, from the first days we do not figure that disinfectant solutions have been made as a physiological solution in sufficient quantities, 5% glucose solution, blood transfusion or plasma. These have become themselves on the last day when he has been in extremely serious condition.
The second complication (ileus paralyticus) has not been adequately combated and by all means; it is enough to do a very small amount of hypertonic chleruri, pituitrine and any gastric lavage. Although the vomiting continued, no permanent aspirated duodenal probe was applied, no enema with hypertonic chlorurea or siphon was written, no rectal probe for gas, and paranephral blockade of novocaine solution.
The card does not indicate on the given food, on the temperature course and on the amount of urine eliminated.
It is noteworthy that the patient, despite being in a serious condition with complications, continued to come to the toilet himself as documented in the card where it is stated that in that ward are poor work organization and necessary sanitary assistance.
Conclusion – death, in our opinion, is caused by the following factors:
- Delayed arrival at hospitals which can be considered as one of the main factors.
- Incomplete therapy after surgery in proportion to the severe course of the disease.
- Poor sanitation assistance.
- The thymo-lymphatic condition (persistence of the endocrine gland) documented by autopsy can also be considered a favorable factor, which reduces to some extent the overall resistance of the organism./Memorie.al
Dr. Xhavit Gjata d.v. Dr. Fejzi Hoxha d.v. Dr. Petro Cani d.v.
Tirana on, 26 / II / 1959.
It turns out to be kind of like the original.