Memorie.al publishes a voluminous archival file issued by the institution of the Authority for Information of Former State Security Files, where there are hundreds of documents with the logo “Top secret” belonging to the former political prisoner, Xhavit Qesja, originally from the city of Kruja, whose family during the period of occupation of the country, 1939-1944, was closely associated with the Anti-Fascist Movement, being one of its main bases and made available all the wealth it had, as Xhavit was one of the first members of the Albanian Communist Party for the Kruja district, leading the Kruja-Ishëm partisan battalion and the 22nd Assault Brigade. Xhavit Qese’s political career after the end of the War, where he was appointed and served in senior positions in the Albanian Army, the apparatus of the Central Committee of the ALP, and several districts of the country, from where he was sent to study in the Soviet Union, where stayed until 1957, when he was announced to return to Albania urgently, after openly expressing his views in favor of the political line being pursued by the main Kremlin leader, Nikita Khrushchev, condemning the Stalin cult. Enver Hoxha’s conversation with Xhavit Qesen in his office in the Central Committee, where he sharply criticized him for the wrong views he had expressed during his studies in Moscow, urging him to reflect and make self-criticism, but Xhavit rejected the suggestion of the first secretary of the Albanian Labor Party, which caused him to no longer be allowed to go to the Soviet Union to complete his studies, but to be sent to work as deputy chairman of the Elbasan Executive Committee, from where a year later, he was expelled from the Party and exiled to Zvërnec Island, where the communist regime kept isolated some of the former senior party and state cadres whom he had condemned for their anti-party views. Xhavit Qesva’s long ordeal and persecution from 1957 to 1990, where he spent a full 32 years in prison and internment, being one of the few convicts in Burrell Prison who went on long hunger strikes in protest of the treatment and savage attitude that the communist regime of Enver Hoxha was holding towards him. The complete form, investigative and judicial file in charge of Xhavit Qeses, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al, which contains the documents of the former State Security that reflect the prosecution and wiretapping against him, the reports of Security collaborators with pseudonyms their correspondence with the letters he sent to the highest party and state instances, as well as the highest leaders of the ALP, until 1991 when he was released from prison!
Continued from the previous issue
Report-information approved by the Deputy Chairman of the Burrel Branch of Internal Affairs, Ismail Musta, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Butrinti”, regarding the conversations made by Xhavit Qesja and other convicts in the prison of Burrel
Watched Received from the mailbox
Vice President of the Internal Affairs Branch Awarded B.p., “Butrinti”
Ismail Musta 30/8/1976
R E P O R T
The source reports that Xhavit Qesja is a closed person in his world does not interfere in discussions and will be correct with the implementation of the rules. He learned about him:
Neither the Chinese nor the Soviets do well. They understand and apply Marxism demographically, not as an evolving science.
The treatment of many historical problems in our country is done in a wrong and very crooked way. A Niko Nikolla, some time ago evaluated regarding P….!
Received from the Mailbox
Given by B.p. Butrinti
REPORT DATED 26.9.1976
The source informs about Xhavit Qesen, on some of his thoughts: For me, some people think and say that I have passed with the West. Latin: Let others say what they want, you continue your course. Even as a concept it is crooked, what are this East and this West?! I have been and I will be, I will remain a Marxist-Leninist, I measure the position of everyone, based on the course of the 20th Congress. That to me is the foundation. For those who are muttering now, Todi, Koço, etc., look at everything through a personal prism.
Answering the question he asked him about the thesis: that the bourgeoisie is in the Party and about the class struggle he said: “Yes, this is true, but I have an opposite opinion to it, which these people give. The bourgeoisie is not born in these countries, after taking power from the proletariat. No, she was introduced in time. The misfortune is that revolution and socialism triumphed in a backward country, like in the Soviet Union, in China, that it was imported into the country. So in many ways what is required and preached was not carried out by the working class, by a revolutionary class. Consequently, here, such elements, gangsters, as T. Lubonja, K. Tashko, etc., found ground and gave the opportunity to the Party leader to act as he wished.
To myself, I have now set as my goal, my education. I admit that I come from an old world and layer of rich origin, what I dream of, would be like being able to write freely and have a newspaper. I have guarded and guarded myself from passion. This is very dangerous, especially because I have been condemned to go into denial of everything national, of every success, etc.
Above all, I am Albanian and every success of my country, I enjoy immensely. I listen to you when you talk about the changes that have been made, that no matter how much one imagines reading them, what one sees, lives and touches, one cannot perceive correctly. For these, yes! ..!
I was and am against the policy of the Soviets. I do not know, in what positions I was theoretically put… .etc., when Soviet tanks entered the Czech Republic. I guess they hurt a lot, no matter how hard I tried to protect them. What about their fleet in the Mediterranean, in the oceans, etc.? Do they go to promote Marxism!? This is a completely tsarist, chauvinist policy.
Evaluation of the data: The data is of operational importance because it refers to some hostile views of Xhavit Qeses.
- What relations does Xhavit have with the leader of the pro-Soviet group, M.Ç.?
- Where is the reason that this object lately, comments a little?
- Where does Xhavit Qesja base his hopes in the realization of his plans?
- I inform about the above the leaders of the Branch.
- Put the report in his file.
Document with the extract obtained from the interceptions with Operative Technicians in Burrel prison, regarding the conversations made by Xhavit Qesja and other convicts
Xhavit E K S T R A K T
For the convict Xhavit Qesja, from the information of T.O., dated 9.10.1976.
Kadriu – In Zvërnec, he openly said, once he said, I know the main leader of the Party, for others, as he said, he used dirty words, delete ……! He said this publicly…..! But why, with the main leader of the state …….Delete…..d.m.th., Cursing his friends ………..Because I wonder how a friend says to the main leader of the Party ……..!
Gender – Yes, even in Zvërnec, since I was in Yugoslavia, I was also married to a Yugoslav, this is for him, for Tito, because he sympathizes with him and I start to say that it is so and it is so. Yugoslavia is small and without the Soviet Union, it would lead the entire international communist movement!
Kadriu – Yes, I was surprised that in Zvërnec, he talked to me about rightism and polycentrism…!
The document approved by the President of the Burrel Branch of Internal Affairs, Bajram Neli, for the archiving of the file of the convict Xhavit Qesja, for ten years
CHAIRMAN OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS Ekzempl. Alone
BAJRAM NELI Burrel 29/5/1977
FOR ARCHIVING THE FORM FILE No.179, OF XHAVIS BAG FOR 10 YEARS
I Operational Worker Ilir Xhelo, after studying the materials of the form file in charge of Xhavit Qeses, who is followed for the anti-party tendency.
Xhavit Qesja, son of Hajdari and Sabrije, born in Kruja in 1920, with higher education, rich business class, under occupation, with Albanian nationality and citizenship, convicted of anti-party activities, is currently serving his sentence in the Rep. . 321- Burrel.
Xhaviti, as an anti-party element has been convicted twice for his hostile activity that opposes the straight line of the Party. In 1972 he was transferred to serve his sentence in the Rep. 321 – Burrel. During the time in Rep. 321 in his direction some data have come out from B.p. “Beni” and “Butrinti”, while data from T.O. there are very few. This is because Xhavit Qesja has withdrawn from the conversations, and does not express himself or enter into debates with anyone:
The main data show that Xhaviti states that: The leader of the Party has contradictions with Chu En Lain, that it is better that these measures are taken, that the youth will renew the resistance and will actively react to the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, that the youth will return the propaganda wing against liberalism, to raise folklore to the pedestal, is the greatest absurdity of the time, that the fact that all military cadres were hit, shows that the leadership is in a deep crisis, that their policy has entered a dead end, that Security cadres are ignorant and without culture, etc.
These data on hostile activity belong mainly to the years 1973-1974 and a little to the years 1975-1976. From meetings with B.p. cohabiting with him, it turns out that Xhavit does not participate in conversations and always stays silent. The same is confirmed by T.O. when in his charge we have only some information.
Based on the above, given that Xhavit Qesja currently does not carry out hostile activity,
Form file no. 179 in charge of Xhavit Qeses, to archive at a time for 10 years and to make the relevant changes in the File.
Burrel, 25.51977 Operational Workshop
The secret document with the summary report drafted by the President of the Burrel Branch of Internal Affairs, Flamur Sinojmeri, regarding the conversations made by Xhavit Qesja and the other convicts in the prison of that city
INTERNAL AFFAIRS BRANCH SECRET
NO…. Second group
Burrel, October 29, 1976
In the conversation held between the convicts Gjin Marku, Kadri Hoxha and Beqir Alija, it is about the other anti-party convict, Dilaver Radëshi, which takes place on 18.9.1976 and specifically:
Gjin Marku, talking about Dilaver, says: “Yes, I know these’s well po .yes, Dilaver has started screaming…”!
While Kadri answers: “He never spoke”! “But not today – says Gjini – but – I say that he has spoken for a long time, he has reached there, as much as he says that tomorrow we will be released, that so and so”. “! “Dilaver had 14 written variants on how this leadership will be overthrown”, Kadriu supports and further develops the conversation “Written and mirrored…”!
Beqiri, how does he miraculously participate in the conversation and say: “He was so stupid kështu”?!
Kadriu immediately responds: “I do not know, thin or thick, but I am just telling you this, written and has kept that mirror for a long time and showed it to others.”
Gjini also supports him: “But when he came to me, he showed me 13 variants, but I told him how to become the 14th, except to stay in prison”.
Kadriu is not satisfied with that and gives explanations: “Written rose for months. Then I told him one day, oh you Dilomir, that you have those 13-14 variants in your head, you are keeping in your head that you have lost this, only with that letter you can eat a good wood. With that, they are living documents, because orally, you can have a little bit of vili vili, but you have nothing to do with the document.
But now you see how he is staying calm? It has been a year since Dilaver was staying calm and he is no longer walking with Mako. If they had to make a toy of those of the Branch, provoke him jokingly, the President of the Branch, when you see him swearing, all that he has kept quiet for a year now, now bring them all out”.
Also, from these convicts we benefited from another conversation with T.O. for the building Xhavit Qesja, on 9.10.1976:
Kadriu starts the conversation. The topic of conversation is the convict Xhavit Qese: In Zvërnec, he openly said that he knew the main leader of the Party. For others, as he said, use a dirty word, delete….! He said this publicly…..! But why with the main head of state wipes….?! I.e. cursing his friends….? That I am surprised, as a friend said, about the main leader of the party”?!
From another conversation held between the other convicts, Todi Lubonja, Filip Nashi, Dilaver Radëshi, Bardhyl Belishova and Vaskë Gjino, on 6.10.1976, 8.10.1976 and 12.10.1976, it is about Lipe’s belongings, a game military made in 1973 in the district of Mat, as well as for our music.
Here is the concrete: Todd opens the conversation and says that his belongings were blocked and sealed, and ends the thought “Because these can be stolen by one of their sub-workers”. Lipja replies that his belongings are also blocked. Todi continues: “You hear, that there is a real thing, that after about three or four months that I was sentenced, they locked my room and Kiu Bozo, Lirija went and Zana went to court in Tirana and “They told him there that we would definitely unblock them, because they are blocked and after these attempts, my house was unblocked.”
Dilaver, as usual, supports him with great irony: “Well, after all, the People’s Power has taken them.” Bardhyl goes further: “Well, last but not least, and the worst thing is that they take them to the Bailiff’s Office and take them to their homes vënë they set very cheap prices and they take them”. Dilaver approves: “Or give it to a friend…”! Todi then tells the story of his beautiful car, which Lirija sold for 8,000 lek.
Then these convicts move on to the next topic:
Vaska: Yes, we gave Burrel the first place in Mat, but also to the volunteer forces (he is talking about the military game), I arranged it for Muçi (Pajenga), Lipja asks him, if the former secretary had taken him to see the prison of Burrell? Dilaver interrupts him by saying: they say about Halim Ramohito that he visited the prison. Bardhyl also supports this, saying that he came for Pandeli Varezi. Vaska supports him, saying that they had company. And the thought ends: “….How did this work of ours that we lost at all”?! Develop the diva further: “Also, that he loves the meal pse .why these are done, we are clear po .but he takes with his zeal and i and puts these hours…”!
Regarding our folk music, Todi says: “It is not allowed in any way, only Soviet revolutionaries”, Bardhyl supports: “Yes Soviet, they were sung in the time of Lenin and Stalin”. Memorie.al
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