Part twenty five
Memorie.al/publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (the fund of the former PPSh Central Committee), which belong to the year 1982, where there is a file with relations, reports, instructions, information, letters, minutes of meetings of the Political Bureau, the Secretariat of the Central Committee, etc., regarding the “hostile activity” of the member of the Political Bureau and the Minister of People’s Defense, Kadri Hazbiu, as well as some of his closest collaborators, such as : Feçor Shehu, Mihallaq Ziçishti, Llambi Peçini, Zoi Themeli, etc., who were accused by Enver Hoxha, as “the main collaborators of the police agent Mehmet Shehu”. In the file in question, there is also a document with Kadri Hazbi’s self-criticism, dated September 27, 1982, sent to Enver Hoxha and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, regarding “his poor work at the head of the Ministry of of Internal Affairs and the lack of vigilance, for not detecting hostile groups, all of which the party and Comrade Enver had discovered”. In this document, the former head of the Ministry of the Interior writes: “From the beginning of September, when I was getting my hair cut, a driver who works with the transport lines abroad came to me and told me that, returning from abroad, the drivers they had spoken badly about my fate. I didn’t ask him what he had been told, but I told him to go and report it where it should be. He added in more detail that he had spoken to the companion who stays with me, which I ordered him to report. He told me that he had done this. I don’t know whether I told him about this case or not, friend Hekuran. After a few days when I returned from a 3-4 day service, my family told me for the first time that they are taking us on the phone and so on, in meetings they ask about you, where are you and how are you, because we have heard things not good, as if we have escaped as a family abroad, as if I have been dismissed from my position as Minister of Defense, etc. I told you that anyone who asks about us, you say we are fine and don’t engage in further conversation. I emphasize that these things have spread so much that even one of the workers who serves in my family left without expecting that something is happening with me and my family. All these things, I told my friend Ramiz, together with my opinion that there is not enough fight against these harmful slogans and that they are spreading from Tirana in the first place”. Likewise, the document in question also contains the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity of Kadri Hazbi” from the period after the war when he was in the position of Chief of Army Security, which has brought fierce debates, they all discussed, starting from: Adil Çarçani, Hekuran Isai, Simon Stefani, Manush Muftiu, Rita Marko, Prokop Murra, Photo Çami, Lenka Çuko, Pali Miska, Besnik Bekteshi, Muho Asllani and Llambi Gegprifti. Even the debates and strong tones in that meeting were not absent between Enver Hoxha and Kadri Hazbiu, which continued throughout the meeting, for several sessions. But for more about these, we know the document, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al
Continues from last issue
The document with the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity” of Kadri Hazbi was analyzed
ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY TOP SECRET
OF THE MEETING OF THE POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE PPS CENTRAL COMMITTEE ON OCTOBER 8, 1982
- Discussion on the serious words of friend Kadri Hazbiu
- Approval of the report on transport to the plenum
All members of the Political Bureau are present at the meeting.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MEETING
The meeting was opened and led by the first secretary of the Central Committee of the PPS, Comrade Enver Hoxha.
Discussion on the serious crimes of comrade Kadri Hazbiu.
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: After the call that was made to the Secretariat of the Central Committee on September 20, you did not do this and you go further, presenting a self-criticism to the Political Bureau to pass the turn, to throw dust in our eyes here. to leave the great responsibility and guilt that belongs to you as an orphan, and especially to leave these to others. You are impressed by the fact that you added 6 pages of appendix to your self-criticism, only about what was said and what was not said about you in Peza, one way or another, instead of delving into those important events that happened, in the causes and other responsibilities you have to help the Party to clarify this situation and in this great, intense political work that the Party did and is doing, for the discovery to the root of the great conspiracy of the enemy Mehmet Shehu and his cubs , agents of foreign services, very dangerous conspirators.
Reading the appendix of your self-criticism, I realized that your whole purpose was to criticize Comrade Prokop who, according to you, “was wrong”. But the main thing that comes out in this appendix, Comrade Kadri, is that you have created such a serious psychosis, a seder and such a great doubt, about what you heard that, you say it yourself that you also notified Comrade Ramiz in the Central Committee . Although as always in a measured manner, in the right way and at the right time, the Central Committee of the Party, on the occasion of the meeting of the General Council of the Democratic Front, as well as in the big rally that was organized in Peza, took the measures to give the necessary clarifications, as it does in any case.
The question is asked: Why this great excitement of yours, that you go so far as to insult your friend, a member of the Politburo, with banal words with the term “cucumber”, with expressions that are foreign to our language?! When we have remarks about each other, we do it to our friend without shame, what you did show nothing but indifference and arrogance, and at the same time fear and concern for what you heard, I think. When a person has a clear conscience, such excitement and action masked with the concern of protecting the unity or interests of the Party, etc., also speaks of the fact that there is something true in what happened, that you that in the self-criticism you made in writing, and even today here in the Political Bureau, you don’t say it, and you don’t analyze it.
This is, not only the logic of this fact, but also emerges from the many years of experience of the Party and the Political Bureau, during the analyzes they have done every time in such cases. Referring to the documents that were made available to us by the Central Committee, it becomes clear the great responsibility and guilt that you have, Kadri, for the very fact that 15 years after the termination of relations with the Soviets, you notified the Central Committee regarding the issue of Security collaborators in ranks of our overseas students. But even then this thing happened by chance, when the problem of Malo Harshova was discovered, since before this date, that is, before 1975, the Central Committee of the Party had no knowledge, and no notification, about this issue, as Comrade Hysni Kapo says it textually, in the note he left us, and that we have read, and Comrade Ramiz read it to us again here today.
You have no way to doubt the truth of this fact because it is documented. If friend Hysni were alive, he would tell you the same thing. In relation to this, I condemn even with great disgust your statement in self-criticism that “the absence of Comrade Hysni makes work and other explanations difficult”. I consider this as an accusation that you tried to make against comrade Hysni, as another attempt on your part to discharge the responsibility you have. But know that the image of Comrade Hysni cannot be tarnished with such efforts.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Time for correctness.
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: I’m begging you, this is how I thought and this is how I interpreted it since we read that material. If it was different, why would that effort be made?!
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: This gives us all that impression.
ALL FRIENDS: We were all impressed.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: All of us were impressed by this, even you, you do this for a future when you say: “here are the two of us, the Party is persecuting us”, do you understand?! This is what you had in mind?!
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: I was very revolted by this attitude of Comrade Enver, that’s why I condemn him.
COMRADE RITA MARKO: All of us were impressed by this.
COMRADE RAMIZ ALIA: What Kadriu said was an accusation against Comrade Hysni, plus the Political Bureau itself.
COMRADE RAMIZ ALIA: Yes, yes, and an accusation against the Political Bureau, as if it is incompetent, and that these issues have been closed.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Yes, yes.
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: Such attempts, to obscure the facts that speak for themselves, cannot stand and we rightly ask the question: Why, and with what purpose does Kadri Hazbiu make such attempts?! It is clear to me that, in order to escape from the responsibility and from the heavy guilt that falls on him, to leave these to others, to share them and to relieve oneself, to be justified and with a lack of memory, he allegedly spoke to them about this or that fact, but he does not remember where and when.
All these things that you have tried to do do not stand, they have no basis for justification, and on the contrary, they are justified by the lack of sincerity. Therefore, you should try to tell everything openly to the Party, as has happened to others, showing the causes and consequences of your responsibility. But before 1975, and immediately after 1960, when we cut all relations with the Soviets, why didn’t you Kadri inform the Central Committee, not just by word of mouth, but officially and in direct meetings with Comrade Enver, with whom you had connection as you are telling us?!
This you should do, not only to provide information of a purely informative nature about the lists of collaborators that the Soviets had contacted and that you knew, that many of these collaborators the Soviets knew and were in contact with, but as the Minister of Internal Affairs and as a member of the Politburo, you should submit to the Central Committee the concrete and detailed measures that should be taken immediately, such as cutting their ties as collaborators, recommending their names to the Party, for consideration in placing them in different jobs, etc. As required by the norms of the Party. You knew that the Soviet agency knew them and many of them had accomplices, because these appear in the documents.
So who more, and who less of these, represents a certain danger, which must be taken into account. Who, more than you, should raise it as a problem to the Central Committee and the Political Bureau, while the rest of us knew nothing about this issue?! According to the rules, this conversation should have been held and the Central Committee should have been informed about it. But you, not only did you not do this immediately after 1960, but in my opinion you should have done it before. As our relations with the Khrushchevites had long been strained.
But you didn’t do this even later, but you did it completely by accident, as they say “like coffee after vintage”, because you only spoke out of luck and difficulty after a very long time, after this issue came to light. As a result, many of these people rose to various responsibilities, even one of them up to the position of Director of the Operational Directorate of the Ministry of People’s Defense, as is the case of Kristaq Qarri.
When the candidacies of such elements as this were examined in the Political Bureau, why did you, Comrade Kadri, not stand up to tell the Bureau that you knew that he was on that list there, until you were familiar with this information that we requested now?! Based on the norms of the Party, when cadres move and provide biographical data for everyone, everywhere in all instances, even more so in the Political Bureau, everything must be put, every note that can be underlined in red ink, so how positive sides as well as negative ones.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Yes, Kadriu burned them.
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: Yes, he burned them, but he should not have left his memory, even more so when it is a matter of establishing the framework, in a place with special responsibility, such as the case of the Operational Directorate of the Ministry of People’s Defense, which has do with all those very important military secrets. Isn’t this also “forgetfulness” or “distortion of memory”?! No. This burdens your responsibility even more, Kadri, that you do not bring this out in your self-criticism, and you do not analyze it, but pass it off as a simple known fact. We also got to know a lot of highly secret materials from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in the name of Comrade Kadri, as Minister of Internal Affairs, signed by the enemy Llambi Peçini, officially sent to the Soviet State Security Committee, the KGB.
This is another very serious fault on your part, friend Kadri. You are impressed by the fact that, while in the Secretariat of the Central Committee where I also assisted, when Kadriu was confronted with these materials, he accepted them and affirmed that they are so, and did not create any doubts about their authenticity; he even added that he should be more other documents. Here, he tried to justify this action by saying that, at that time, such were the agreements with the Soviet Union, and the relations with the Soviet advisers, and the bodies from which they depended in their country.
So in his self-criticism, Kadriu makes a denial of what he affirmed at the meeting of the Secretariat of the Central Committee, trying to say that such an action was done by Llambi Peçini, behind his back. But how could Llambi Peçini do such a thing, and in such an open and documented way, given the fact that he was an enemy, an agent recruited at that time, when such an action endangered what he to be unmasked and revealed?! I have full conviction that they were made and sent to the Soviet Union, with the approval of comrade Kadri Hazbiu as Minister of Internal Affairs, as stated in the document and on his order, which makes Kadri’s responsibility even more burdensome and burdens him with a much greater responsibility.
At least from those documents that we read, because as we heard today, I think there must be a series of other documents, it is clear what must have been given to you by the Soviet Security bodies. In fact, the Ministry of Internal Affairs has in fact become a branch of the Soviet Security, sending you in these way highly secret materials of special importance, even whole and of an information nature, justifying that they were allegedly sent to Security school in the Soviet Union, to familiarize with their content, our students who studied there. But this excuse is nothing more than a veil to cover the channel of information, because in fact, what did our students who were learning there need, all those data, such as those related to the process of Liri Gegë and Dali Ndreut, and with the depositions of Dhora Leka, which involved over 50 different frames, etc.?!
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: I’m sorry, Comrade Adil, these were elements that at that time were cadres, but are still like that today. What did our students need, the names of all those who implicated Dhora Leka with the Yugoslavs?! What conclusion would our student draw about the lessons in the Soviet Union with these names?!
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: Yes, and I, what am I saying, what did you need?! Or why did you need the data for this or that anti-party element?! I think that such data, even when they are here in Albania, that they learn at the School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, is not what you students need. What if we assume that you need something to become known, especially for the hostile work method, this was sent to them in time.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: They should not be given to you either.
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: In the Soviet Union, no, they shouldn’t have been sent to you, but they shouldn’t have been given those materials here either. This is the convincing logic of this fact; therefore any justification to cover up the true purpose of this reprehensible activity does not stand as it falls before the documents and logic.
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: And now let’s find out what the Soviets might have done with these documents.
COMRADE QIRJAKO MIHALI: There was a lot of compromising material.
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: In your self-criticism, Kadri, you claim that you had different opinions on many issues, among others, on the way of cooperation with the Soviet advisers. When you had such thoughts, what did you do to clarify and evaluate them, and why did you not tell the Central Committee of the Party to find the right path, clarify and define everything related to these issues? , for which you had other views?!
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Why did you have them and what were your thoughts?!
COMRADE ADIL ÇARÇANI: You don’t tell us anything about who you had these different opinions with, what these opinions were, and who you were arguing with?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I was with Mehmet Shehu, friend Adil.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Yes, why?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: About the way of informing the Soviet advisers.
COMRADE ADIL CHARCANI: Yes, how did you explain it?!
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Why didn’t you come to me and tell me these different opinions?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I raised them in the Political Bureau, Comrade Enver.
ALL FRIENDS: Oooo!
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: We have it, we have it.
COMRADE RAMIZ ALIA: I’m sorry, Comrade Enver, but seeing Comrade Kadri’s self-criticism, where he says to refer to the documents of the Political Bureau from 1948-1951, I referred you to them, and after seeing all that documentation, regarding Comrade Kadri , there are two moments, so let me read them to you.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Read it. Memorie.al
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