Memorie.al publishes the unknown letter of the former General Prosecutor and member of the Politburo of the Secretary of the Central Committee of the ALP, Bedri Spahiu, sent to the commander of Prison 303 in Elbasan, Hysen Kapllanaj (where political prisoners worked on the construction of the Factory of Cement), regarding the treatment of prisoners by the command and the state itself, where the laws they had drafted were not implemented, as well as the psychological pressure exerted on Bedri Spahiu by the commander of that camp, who was expressed in front of all the convicts, that: “We will cut Bedri’s tongue”, etc. The rare letter of the political prisoner Bedri Spahiu, where for the first time he sheds light on some of the enigmas of the physical elimination of his close friend, Tuk Jakova, during the period when he was serving a sentence in a prison in Tirana.
Among those personalities of the Anti-Fascist War and the high leadership of the communist regime of Enver Hoxha, who was later convicted as an “enemy of the people” and experienced the most inhuman tortures and long persecution in prisons and internments, has been also Bedri Spahiu. During the years he was serving his sentence in camps and prisons, he wrote several letters to Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu, as well as to the commanders of the prison camps where he was serving his sentence, denouncing the brutal violence exercised by the ruling regime against him personally and all convicts. other policies that the ruling regime considered dangerous. After the letter sent to the Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu that we published in the last issue, in this article we are publishing another letter that Bedri Spahiu sent to the commander of Prison 303 in Elbasan, Hysen Kapllani (where political prisoners were building the Cement Factory), where he puts forward the psychological pressures and threats that were made against him, as well as makes public some of the machinations that were used against Tuk Jakova, his close friend, while he was serving his sentence in Tirana prison, where he died. in mysterious circumstances. For more, we know the letter of Bedri Spahiu, which Memorie.al publishes in full.
Bedri Spahiu’s letter to the commander of prison 303 in Elbasan
Object of the will: you sue!
Two letters that are not opportune to be sent to the addressees.
The first letter
The Honorable Hysen Kapllanaj
Commander of Camp 303 Elbasan
On April 7, in my absence, in the meeting you had with the prisoners, you told them that Bedri Spahiu had a razor-sharp tongue, but we would wait for him. If it is viewed in the context of your speech, it means that Bedri Spahiu is agitating and propagandizing against the popular power and the party and we will take measures against him. It is to be noted that this accusation, you make me the day the fascist hordes attacked our scaffolding. If this is not a coincidence, it would be good not to have used the fratricidal sword of lawlessness on this day, that the thoughts of those who fought for the defense and liberation of Albania and those of the Nac-Liberation people, were focused on that black day of that heavy time of power.
On the other hand, it is to be noticed that, you had put my name at the top of a list of 3 people. It seems to me that I am not mistaken in saying that the other two people are a cover that serves to cover the fact that the accusation against me is a premeditated and premeditated fabrication. It should also be noted that one of the comrades on the list has been accused of being a Social Democrat and the other is a Catholic priest. I am right, therefore, to think that after you ideologically call me a revisionist, your job was to present that “razor-sharp talk” as an agitation of the revisionist-social democrat-clerical front. If you take into account what experience I have in this kind of work and who I am, you will understand that I have not hardly distinguished the sublayer of this alignment and the effect you wanted to make with this alignment and the result you expect. I do not even deserve to deal with the accusation itself, which on the other hand, after addressing a political convict, is a shame of the twentieth century.
Spahiu: The trap you are setting for me
I just want to point out:
First, based on the sound opinion of the prisoners, your Lord, to this day, is known as a partisan of the rule of law, as a defender of the principles of the constitution, of the laws and regulations of the administration of the prisoners. From the point of view of understanding the political problems of the time, we are two unitary opposites. In fact, you have to obey the laws and regulations, that at that time you perform the duty; it seems to me (I am interested) this attitude of yours, that in that way my rights of legality as a convict are protected. That is why I have for you the respect that every man should have for that official who does not put himself above the laws, who does not abuse power, who does not exercise personal power. I have been in your camp for four months and we have not known each other before. From all that I have said above, I am compelled to conclude that you had no predisposition and no personal reason to accuse me in vain.
Second: I think that the command you are leading, if it were in front of a trusted information, would either use the method of special counseling, as it has used for others, or it would use the method of intensifying interception (espionage) ). You used with me the method of provocation and public threat. You have not had personal motives for such a thing, so I can not believe that you are the elector of the method in question.
Third: In the camp of Fushë-Krujë and in the camp that you administer, there is a sign where it is said that one who speaks against the situation of the country cannot benefit from pardon, parole and special meeting. This is the right of the state. No state that condemns agitation and propaganda forgives those opponents who have not been rehabilitated according to its view, in the given situation. But it seems that this is the case, the question arises: On which article of the Criminal Code did you file the accusation against me? What other measures are you allowed to take against a prisoner and political prisoner, who you accuse of agitating among imprisoned citizens, whom you have also convicted of agitation and treason.
I can not believe that a man of law, like you, allows himself to make an accusation unsupported by the laws of the Republic, so I must conclude that the accusation was made by someone else and put you in the role of spokesman. I must explain to you that, even if you had used with me the method of counseling and not of threat, even if you had used the method of counseling separately, and not of the public threat, I would have revolted, become angry and irritated. same, so I would react as I am reacting.
That’s why you fight me
I say this to tell the one who has served you the provocative material, that no meat is sold to the butcher and can not be taken unprepared and by surprise, the one who has respect for the dignity of the person, no matter how much he lives with a rope in his throat, as I am living. It is a contradictory act that I do not deliver the letter I am writing to you. This contradiction is explained: Nothing would be worth to the illegitimate this letter that would fall into your hands, if the process of arbitrariness has reached or will reach to the degree it has been, in which the prisoner is a sacrificial ram in anticipation of the wedding. Even if the situation developed in the direction of the prisoner’s insecurity, it would not be this letter that contained the illegality.
I fully understand and justify your role as spokesperson for the illegal. And what else could you do when the illegitimate comes forward with the flag of the Party, of the Republic, of Socialism, to whom your lordship you have devoted the noblest feelings of man and your life? In the struggle that your conscience walks as a human being, as a legal, as a communist, you say to your conscience just as I once said to my conscience: “Praj! It’s not right! ” Although your current action puts us in position with each other, we both constitute a unity from the point of view of perspective. Yes! No matter how serious the situation of legality, no matter how bad it may be, no matter how difficult it becomes in the future (the one of 1948 was quite serious), in the end the contradiction between legal and illegal officials will is chosen in favor of the legitimacy of the Republic, of this Republic, of this set, that our state, like any other state, cannot impose on itself the functions of arbitrariness.
The 1966 revival was a symptomatic phenomenon in this regard. If anyone, I mean the one who used you as a spokesman, remembered to target me precisely, if he did so in terms of the frankness of the prisoners’ despair and the heroism of the despair, if he did this in the conditions that the contours of repression appear in all its illegal, anti-state, bandit, gangster and mafia forms, if it is taken into account that you have targeted them, he is a personality and close friend of Tuk Jakova, of who was killed by the official illegals, if it is taken into account that I am no less dangerous from the point of view of the illegals than Tuk Jakova, if it is kept in mind that the arbitrariness that is being outlined is characterized by hiding illegal facts through new illegal acts, If all these are taken into account, it cannot be concluded that the provocation of April 7 is the last prelude, the implementation of the plan for the disappearance of Bedri Spahiu.
Here is how you terrorized Tuk
It can be remarked that, if there was such a plan, I would have been killed together with Tuk Jakova. First of all, it should be said that in that period (August 1959) the illegals were not presented with the need for the disappearance of either Bedri Spahiu or Tuk Jakova himself. Rather, they were in need of Tuku to live. Those skeptics, those skeptics, believed that Tuku and I would have undeclared material that might interest them in hitting the leadership. They hoped, on the other hand, that the methods I described in the 1965 Testament, continued indefinitely, would force us to put ourselves in the position of the Jallanshahites to strike at the leadership. It excludes, then, a desire of the illegals to carry out their plan if for Tuk, or for me, at that time; but three events occurred, the complexity of which compelled them:
In May (I do not remember exactly) 1959, at a meeting with his family, the prison lounge resounded with Tuk’s shouts: “What are you doing to us, you scoundrels?” We did not fight for 20 years for this condition. “Even the fascists did not do this to us!” Tuku became angry after the investigative delegate, who assisted in Tuku’s meeting with the family, refused to allow Tuku to kiss the children. The very presence of the delegates was legally punishable, as we had nothing to do with the investigation. Shortly before this event, Tukun was summoned by an unlawful man, causing the guard to handcuff him and cross him before taking him to all those streets or places where he had suffered during the time of investigation and solitary confinement. , after the trial.
This cynical outlaw, recalled that from such an equally cynical previous treatment, Tuku would get into his hands like that chicken scared by the kite. The opposite happened: when the law enforcement officer ordered him to seek rehabilitation, this statement was uttered by a fake professional and addressed to a personality like Tuk Jakova, who was constantly in a self-critical position before and after his arrest. he said: I served like a jallanshah that we will release, Tuku replied: “Enough that you have deceived me until today. “From now on you will never be able to deceive me!”
Tuku fell ill with appendicitis and went to the butcher like a goat. I’m not sick. Murder in the disease is more profitable than all the others. On the other hand, he went after the above-mentioned events, when the illegal officials were full of hatred, nervousness and suspicions against him, for not revealing the machinations of the indictment for which he was convicted. The extermination of prisoners for the illegals has a theoretical basis, but what do we need theory for when practice speaks for itself? Illegal officials have already openly stated to the prisoners that on the eve of an eventual danger all of them would be preventively exterminated. If such a thing were said by any free citizen, the law would punish him as a state disinformer. Oh, what an irony of the fate of the free man! Hey, you free man of our time and future generations! You who have not suffered anything, have not seen any with your own eyes and who have not heard anything like this with your own ears, if you had the opportunity to read both of my wills, you would conclude that the scribe is a reporter of fantastic hats./Memorie.al