Memorie.al publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana, where is the secret diary of the general secretary of the Albanian Labor Party, Enver Hoxha, for the period June – August 1961, where he has described in detail and details the deep contradictions that existed at that time between the top leadership of communist Albania and that of the Soviet Union headed by Nikita Hurshov, starting with the problem of dividing ships and submarines at the Vlora Base, incidents with Soviet sailors that still remained without being evacuated from that base, the note of protest of the Soviet ambassador in Tirana sent to the Foreign Ministry, the problem of Albanian students of the Security, Police and Border branch studying in Moscow military schools and academies, where the Soviet side ‘called on not to return to Albania, until the meeting of the representatives of the Warsaw Pact countries held in Moscow, where the head of the Emlin, Nikita Khrushchev, did not let the head of the Albanian delegation, Ramiz Alia, speak, removing him from the hall “in the most vile and scandalous way”, etc., etc.
“Ramiz returned from Moscow and reported to us about the meeting of representatives of the communist and working-class parties of the countries participating in the Warsaw Pact on the issue of the Peace Treaty with Germany. He was expelled from the meeting in the most hostile, vicious, Trotskyist way. They did not even give him the floor; they did not allow him to speak. The Khrushchev bandit scandalously prevented him from f1iste, although a heated debate ensued between Ramiz and Khrushchev. Ulbricht proposed our exclusion from collecting and sending a hostile letter to the Central Committee of our Party, which was approved by all the others, except the Chinese ambassador, who did not speak on the first day, that the word was not given to him either. , neither the Koreans, nor the Vietnamese, nor the Mongols, who were as observers. But on the second day of the meeting, the Chinese ambassador read the statement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, which is good and keeps us going. Khrushchev and his supporters are bandits, violating every Marxist norm, every norm of equality. “They are fascists in every sense of the word, but they will suffer.”
This is stated, among other things, in Enver Hoxha’s political diary belonging to the period June-August 1961, where he described in detail all the deep disagreements and contradictions that existed at that time between official Tirana and the Kremlin, which which a few months later would mark the final breakdown between the two countries. For more information, the archival document that Memorie.al publishes for the first time.
Enver Hoxha’s political diary, June – August 1961
JUNE 2, 1961
REVISION LEADERS HAVE A LOT OF HOPE FROM HRUSHOV’S MEETING WITH KENED
Khrushchev left for Vienna. On the way he stopped in Czechoslovakia where he was received by the “great friend” of the Soviet Union, Novotny. We are informed that, incognito, Dezhi, Zhivko and Kadari were also in Bratislava. Khrushchev does not even bother to inform us about the soup he will cook in Vienna. A little better! Let the revisionists bear the responsibility themselves! The revisionist leaders of the camp have a lot of stress from this meeting. In fact, they live with the mercy of a testimony from Kennedy, and he asks them to make more concessions. And revisionist leaders will do even more. They will definitely be unmasked for their betrayals!
JUNE 3, 1961
A GREAT VICTORY
The Soviet advisor submitted a long note to our Ministry of Foreign Affairs, full of fabrications and slander against us, regarding the withdrawal of the Vlora naval base. It says all Soviet sailors still left at the base will be withdrawn. It is also said that we have allegedly occupied all four submarines and the “Tomori” base. We rejected all these fabrications and graded them, however they practice the opposite, and we will respond. However, the cleansing of Vlora in these situations is a victory for us because we were dealing with the savage revisionist-titst group of Khrushchev.
JUNE 3, 1961
A MEETING THAT WILL NOT HAVE ANY RESULTS
Khrushchev is talking to Kennedy in Vienna. Nothing will stop the imperialist from maturing with the revisionist.
JUNE 4, 1961
THE BASIS OF VLORA WAS CLEARED
I was informed that all Soviet sailors had boarded the ship and were leaving Vlora tonight. The latter were thus cleansed, and it was done very well. Cunning and barbarism have made the Soviets base these last few days. The officers who command them are nothing but Soviet lumpens. The Soviet-American communiqué issued after the Khrushchev-Kennedy meeting in Vienna is straw, a major fiasco.
JUNE 6, 1961
A FIASCO MEETING
Kennedy made the statement today at midnight about the talks he had with Khrushchev in Vienna. Their collection has been a fiasco. Nothing was agreed upon. Even from the case of Laos, which is supposedly one of the issues on which “agreed”, nothing will come out. Americans will surely ruin things. The Vienna meeting had no purpose other than the sensational propaganda that both Kennedy and Khrushchev need to smoke and hide their gossip.
JUNE 7, 1961
THE PROVOCATIONS OF THE SOVIETS CONTINUE
The provocations of the Soviets against us continue. They demanded the dismissal of some of our officers from their security schools, why’s supposedly they deal with politics and, according to them, “officers should not deal with politics”! These are pretexts to expel our students, because they explain to others the truth that the Soviet leadership hides from them. We are attracting all the students of the academies: Security, Border and Police. The Soviets are doing individual work to keep some there, but are eating facial punches from our ardent patriotic students.
JUNE 8, 1961
THIS IS WHAT THE PROVOCATIVE ACTOR SAYS
The Soviet ambassador in Tirana continues the scandalous protests that the specialists who stayed in Durrës and left their jobs, that they received orders to go, allegedly we left them in hotels, that allegedly the people of their embassy delay their meetings when they ask, etc. etc. He forgets that our ambassador in Moscow, in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was locked and told that he could only meet at the Foreign Ministry. These are enemies, provocateurs. In Geneva the Americans, the British and others disrupted the bargain over the Laos affair, and Gromyko hastily set out from Moscow to fix this corrupt bargain.
JUNE 20, 1961
A MEETING TO GO THE TURN
The Soviet adviser minister at their embassy here requested a meeting with me. He was received by the Director of the Foreign Affairs Directorate of the Central Committee, Pirro Bita, whom, like a coffin after the harvest, informed him about the Vienna talks. This was just enough to go the turn and have it as an argument, firstly, that I did not expect it and, secondly, that they allegedly informed us. But all he said was just a bad cut from what “Pravda” has said in time about these talks.
JUNE 21, 1961
CHAOTIC SITUATION IN THE SOVIET UNION
Today I talked to Comrade Tahir Minxhozi, who graduated from the Party High School in the Soviet Union. He told me about the ideological chaotic situation and the poor economic situation in Moscow.
JUNE 24, 1961
KADARI MAKES HIMSELF THE INDICTMENT
Janos Kadari, on behalf of the Central Committee of the Socialist Workers’ Party of Hungary, sent us a provocative and shameful letter to him and to the Central Committee of this party. In addition to the vile accusations that he makes us that we are supposedly anti-Soviet, that we are not internationalists, etc., wanting to hide the fear and pressure that is put on him, he also accuses us that we, with malicious intent, have announced the help they gave us since 15 million rubles. What a disgrace! But the greatest vileness lies in the fact that he openly defends the conspirators and agents of imperialism, Teme Sejkon and his group. Thus, he himself signed his indictment for the cooperation with the traitors of our people against Albania, for its fragmentation and for the overthrow of the popular power. This letter is an important document against them.
JUNE 27, 1961
SYRIAN CYPTIAN Sailors NOT AFRAID OF SOVIET PRESSURE, BLACKMAIL AND THREAT
The Soviets continue the scandalous actions against the crews of our military ships located in Sebastopol. They do not allow the representative of the Albanian Navy, Avdi Mati and another representative of our army to go to this city, to take the crews from our two shooters, who are holding us by force. The Soviets surrounded our ships and the sailors on board with Soviet sailors armed, tried to force their way into the ships, but were repulsed by our people. The morale of our sailors is very high. They do not move and are not afraid of any pressure, blackmail and threats.
JULY 1, 1961
UNANIMOUS APPROVAL OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
The problem of austerity was discussed throughout the morning in the Plenum. At the end of this session I made the conclusions. After lunch. in the second session he informed the Plenum of the Central Committee on the international situation and on the relations of our Party with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and with the communist and workers’ parties of the socialist countries of Europe. The Central Committee heard and approved the activity of the Politburo on this issue and unanimously accepted the draft letter to the Central Committee and the government of the Soviet Union. This letter will be sent for information to the central committees of the parties and governments of all socialist countries.
JULY 7, 1961
ACTION WITH Trick, BUT THICK
Ulbricht sent us a letter inviting me, the first secretary, to the meeting of the first secretaries proposed to be held in Moscow, on August 3, on the conclusion of the Peace Treaty with the two German states, or, if this will not be possible, with German RD. The good thing is that at the end of the letter, he says that we should address our answer to Khrushchev! The letter is tricked and they are preparing traps. Anyway I will not go. We will see how this work goes, but certainly not well, because they are on a hostile path.
JULY 20, 1961
HRUSHOV IS ALSO A FRICHMAN
The imperialists continue to make threats against Berlin, and Khrushchev, who pursues a personal and conciliatory policy and usually delivers one hour of speech, is locked up in Sochi and does not speak. Let’s see how it will work. He definitely does not like these aggravated situations, because he is also a coward. Only a firm stance, as our Party has said, makes the imperialists retreat in panic, there is no other ‘cure’. Any other action is repulsion and capitulation before the imperialists.
JULY 22, 1961
WE WILL PARTICIPATE IN THE COLLECTION PROPOSED BY THE GERMAN
We submitted our response to Ulbricht’s letter. We accepted the proposal for a meeting and appointed the delegation of the Central Committee with the plenipotentiary Comrade Ramiz Alia and the member of the delegation Comrade Behar Shtylla. I do not, justifying this. that’s supposedly sick.
JULY 23, 1961
BEHAVIOR FROM VAGABONDES
Manushi reported to me about the reception given last night by the Polish embassy on the occasion of the national holiday of Poland. The Soviet ambassador and his comrades from the countries of the popular democracies of Europe behaved like vagabonds. They did not deserve to be applauded for the speech that was given, nor did they stand up, like everyone else, when the representative of our Party and Government left.
DURRES AND HENE
JULY 24, 1961
ANTI-ALBANIAN ACTION OF THE BULGARIAN REVISIONISTS
We are informed from Bulgaria that the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Bulgaria has sent a letter to the party organizations with defamatory content against us.
DURRES E MARTE
JULY 25, 1961
Kennedy delivered a very threatening speech on the Beikin issue. He must be given a strong answer. We will give a fist, but this is like the fist given to an elephant. The revisionist Khrushchev must answer to him. Let’s see what he will do. His satellites, of course, will wait for the ustai to speak.
JULY 27, 1961
PREPARE FOR MEETING ON END OF PEACE TREATY WITH GERMANY
I spoke in detail with Comrade Ramiz about the meeting of representatives of the communist and workers’ parties of the Warsaw Pact countries, on the issue of concluding the Peace Treaty with Germany, which will be held in Moscow on August 3. We envisioned all possible variants. The keynote address on the issue of the Peace Treaty with Germany is complete. In case they attack us, then they will get the right answer.
30 RORRIK 1961
ON THE PROJECT-PROGRAM OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION
The draft program of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was published in “Pravda”, which will be submitted for consideration and approval to the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 9 pages of newspapers. We have to study it. We should publish something short of it, without touching on ideological or political and organizational issues, but only on the economic side.
AUGUST 2, 1961
IN MOSCOW OUR DELEGATION ARE WAITING FOR COLD
Ramiz left for Moscow. He was greeted very coldly at the airport by people of a very small rank. The delegation was taken to the Moscow Hotel. We anticipate vicious attacks on their part against our Party and leadership. We saw the movie “Mother” again. To shudder when you think that over those heroisms, over those sacrifices of the Bolsheviks, I am now praising a Trotskyist like Khrushchev and at the same time throwing mud at Stalin and the Bolsheviks. But sooner or later, this vile traitor will surely come to an end.
AUGUST 3, 1961
NOT GOOD SIGNS
The meeting of the representatives of the communist and working-class parties of the Warsaw Pact countries on the issue of the Peace Treaty with Germany opens today in Moscow. With the friends of our delegation all the participants in the meeting stayed very cold, not even shaking hands. Outside the bureaucrats were giving us signs as if Khrushchev did not like this meeting.
4 AUGUST 1961
FLAGRANT AND TROKISH VIOLATION OF ANY MARXIST AND EQUALITY NORMS
Ramiz returned from Moscow and reported to us about the meeting of the representatives of the communist and workers’ parties of the countries participating in the Warsaw Pact on the issue of the Peace Treaty with Germany. He was expelled from the meeting in the most hostile, vicious, Trotskyist way. They did not even give him the floor; they did not allow him to speak. The Khrushchev bandit scandalously prevented him from f1iste, although a heated debate ensued between Ramiz and Khrushchev. Ulbricht proposed our exclusion from collecting and sending a hostile letter to the Central Committee of our Party, which was approved by all the others, except the Chinese ambassador, who did not speak on the first day, that the word was not given to him either. , neither the Koreans, nor the Vietnamese, nor the Mongols, who were as observers. But on the second day of the meeting, the Chinese ambassador read the statement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, which is good and keeps us going. Khrushchev and his supporters are bandits, violating every Marxist norm, every norm of equality. They are fascists in every sense of the word, but they will suffer. We will mercilessly expose these dogs with communist masks. Every day they are multiplying their mistakes and thus prove our right theses. With these actions they have practically taken us out of the Warsaw Pact and from the meetings of the parties of the Warsaw Pact countries. Legally and openly they have not done this yet, because they are afraid, but they will do it and then they must wait for our attack worldwide. They also published a forged communiqué, which we do not publish, but we will publish the speech that Ramiz would deliver at the meeting and that we sent to the revisionist conspirators in Moscow through diplomatic channels.
7 AUGUST 1961
IN RESPONSE TO THE LETTER OF THE HRUSHOVIAN GANG
This afternoon I went down from Dajti to Tirana. The meeting of the Politburo took place, where we decided to publish the speech that Comrade Ramiz would deliver in Moscow, as a statement of the Central Committee setting out our Party’s views on the German problem and to respond to the letter sent to us by Khrushchev’s gang August 3 organized in Moscow.
10 AUGUST 1961
HRUSHOV ADDRESSED KONJEV AGAIN
Marshal Konjev was appointed commander of the Soviet armed forces in Germany. The revisionist Khrushchev, now that “his egg has arrived”, called Konjev again. Until yesterday he was allegedly ill and Nikita dismissed him from the post of commander-in-chief of the Warsaw Pact armed forces, to be replaced by his colleague, Marshal Grecko. But the ears will hear us and the eyes will see other things.
DAJT, E DIEL
13 AUGUST 1961
COMMUNICATION ON THE ISSUE OF THE TREATY WITH GERMANY WAS APPROVED IN OUR ABSENCE
Today, the German news agency AND, published the communiqué of the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Pact for the Peace Treaty with the two German states, which was approved in our absence. The swindlers want to hide the scams, but these are inadvertently revealed to them by the East German government.
16 AUGUST 1961
NEW PLOT OF THE REVISION GROUP OF HRUSHOV AND HIS FOLLOWERS
Today, through a letter, we informed all the basic organizations of the Party about the anti-Marxist and anti-Albanian actions, baseless accusations and slanders that the renegade group of Khrushchev and his followers made against the country and our Party at the meeting of representatives of communist and workers’ parties of the Warsaw Pact member states on the issue of concluding a peace treaty with Germany. This new conspiracy, this low provocation, aimed to deny our Party the indisputable right, as a member of the Warsaw Pact, to have its say and opinion at the meeting.
16 AUGUST 1961
AN UNFORTUNATE COMEDY OF SOVIET REVISIONISTS
The Soviets hatched a new provocation to our country. Through our embassy in Moscow, Ho Shi Mini informed us that he was leaving, (without asking us), from Hanoi and, passing through Moscow, he would come to Tirana to, for the sake of “unity”, “reconcile” us with Khrushchev! It is clear to us that this comedy was hatched by the Soviets to have Ho Chi Minh’s request for talks with us as a fact to accuse us later, in future meetings, that ostensibly we do not want to talk and other tales like this. With two consecutive messages, because he demanded our urgent response, we told Hosa that we agree to talk, but in November of this year and after he had previously talked with the first secretaries of the communist and workers’ parties of the Soviet Union and the countries of the popular democracy of Europe, who are the only culprits for hostile and unjust attitudes against the Labor Party of Albania. Thus, “Uncle Ho” was prevented from coming to Albania with those dark and opportunistic intentions that he had in mind and they suited the new plots of the Khrushchevites. Let the comrades of the Central Committee of the Vietnam Workers’ Party remember!
19 AUGUST 1961
MEETING WITH THE CHINESE AMBASSADOR
I talked to the Chinese ambassador about the answer we gave to Comrade Ho Shi Min.
AUGUST 24, 1961
In the evening my friends informed me about Chu En Lai’s conversation with Reiz. The content of Chu En Lai’s conversation with the Vietnamese ambassador is right, it coincides with our position, however the Chinese hope that Khrushchev does not cross paths, and we do not, only if he owes it, but then he died.
AUGUST 30, 1961
THE WORLD COMMUNIST PARTY OF BULGARIA HAS FALLEN!
Teodor Zhivkov, a lowly man with no character, as a dirty tool of Khrushchev and not to be left behind, writes us a letter full of insults, full of slander. He openly accuses us of being instigators of war, worse than the Titoists, of being anti-Soviet, and so on. Woe to the heroic Party of Bulgaria! But she will surely give wood to these scum who have thrown their hands into the gorge. Sooner or later they will get the answer, from their own party, and from ours they will get it soon!
THURSDAY 31 AUGUST 1961
AN ACTION FROM HRUSHOV’S HALLI
The Soviet government announced that it would resume nuclear tests. Nikita Khrushchev must be in difficult situations to do so, because this is not in his revisionist and pacifist line. Will see. However this proves the straight line of our Party and the betrayal of the revisionists. /Memorie.al