The twentieth part
Memorie.al/publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (the fund of the former PPSh Central Committee), which belong to the year 1982, where there is a file with relations, reports, instructions, information, letters, minutes of meetings of the Political Bureau, the Secretariat of the Central Committee, etc., regarding the “hostile activity” of the member of the Political Bureau and the Minister of People’s Defense, Kadri Hazbiu, as well as some of his closest collaborators, such as : Feçor Shehu, Mihallaq Ziçishti, Llambi Peçini, Zoi Themeli, etc., who were accused by Enver Hoxha, as “the main collaborators of the police agent Mehmet Shehu”. In the file in question, there is also a document with Kadri Hazbi’s self-criticism, dated September 27, 1982, sent to Enver Hoxha and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, regarding “his poor work at the head of the Ministry of of Internal Affairs and the lack of vigilance, for not detecting hostile groups, all of which the party and Comrade Enver had discovered”. In this document, the former head of the Ministry of the Interior writes: “From the beginning of September, when I was getting my hair cut, a driver who works with the transport lines abroad came to me and told me that, returning from abroad, the drivers they had spoken badly about my fate. I didn’t ask him what he had been told, but I told him to go and report it where it should be. He added in more detail that he had spoken to the companion who stays with me, which I ordered him to report. He told me that he had done this. I don’t know whether I told him about this case or not, friend Hekuran. After a few days when I returned from a 3-4 day service, my family told me for the first time that they are taking us on the phone and so on, in meetings they ask about you, where are you and how are you, because we have heard things not good, as if we have escaped as a family abroad, as if I have been dismissed from my position as Minister of Defense, etc. I told you that anyone who asks about us, you say we are fine and don’t engage in further conversation. I emphasize that these things have spread so much that even one of the workers who serves in my family left without expecting that something is happening with me and my family. All these things, I told my friend Ramiz, together with my opinion that there is not enough fight against these harmful slogans and that they are spreading from Tirana in the first place”. Likewise, the document in question also contains the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity of Kadri Hazbi” from the period after the war when he was in the position of Chief of Army Security, which has brought fierce debates, they all discussed, starting from: Adil Çarçani, Hekuran Isai, Simon Stefani, Manush Muftiu, Rita Marko, Prokop Murra, Photo Çami, Lenka Çuko, Pali Miska, Besnik Bekteshi, Muho Asllani and Llambi Gegprifti. Even the debates and strong tones in that meeting were not absent between Enver Hoxha and Kadri Hazbiu, which continued throughout the meeting, for several sessions. But for more about these, we know the document, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al
Continues from last issue
The document with the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity” of Kadri Hazbi was analyzed
ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY TOP SECRET
OF THE MEETING OF THE POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE PPS CENTRAL COMMITTEE ON OCTOBER 8, 1982
- Discussion on the serious words of friend Kadri Hazbiu
- Approval of the report on transport to the plenum
All members of the Political Bureau are present at the meeting.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MEETING
The meeting was opened and led by the first secretary of the Central Committee of the PPS, Comrade Enver Hoxha.
Discussion on the serious crimes of comrade Kadri Hazbiu.
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: Well, what about these five pieces of information that had to do with the anti-party group that was in Zvrnec? We had our agency there that informed us what these enemy elements said every day, that Peço Fidhi says this, that Kadri Hoxha says that, and all the others in a row, why did they need this?
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I think, Comrade Hekuran that this issue will look a little better. There are five relationships, but I don’t know if they are old or not. However, if you forgive me, I have a problem here, that the complexity of all these issues cannot be measured by information, that they were here, Comrade Enver took them.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: We didn’t give them information?
COMRADE ADIL CHARCANI: What were they getting? They took on those issues that should absolutely only be dealt with by us.
COMRADE RITA MARKO: It is not possible for a counselor to take everything where he is assigned to work.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: It is pointless to linger, comrades! I summarize the issue as follows: that the Soviet advisers received the information, when we have not given any order for them to receive it. You, Kadri, have no material to prove this to us.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Yes, that’s right.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: I mean, you allowed the Soviet advisers to get any information, to get any document from the ministry. Is that so?
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Yes, that’s right.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: This solves everything.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I solve them, if I solve them correctly Comrade Enver.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Yes, there is no other way to solve them. I will sort them out, if necessary. Those who have committed crimes, the Party has arrested them, put them through holes, and solved them justly. If you look at the issue objectively, the Party has solved all the issues correctly, only the enemies can accuse the Party of not solving the issues correctly. Enemies cannot accuse the Party, it has always been open-hearted and waited for the dialectical moments, so that the mistakes were proven, it has never acted hastily, it receives information against someone and acts without verifying it, throwing its hand away. If the Party acted like this, it would be a disaster, but it acts when the moment is ripe. The Party’s line is sound, Marxist-Leninist, that’s why it closed the roads to the enemies and Trac took one, Trac took two, took the third, took the fourth and so on. The point is that the Party’s line has always been right; therefore the Party will judge everything rightly. This is how he will judge your case, rightly.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I have confidence in this, Comrade Enver.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: You have faith, you say with words, that you don’t have faith in the Party, that if you had, you wouldn’t tell it bluntly, how the issues were. I am assuring you, that if I dress like this at the meeting of the Central Committee, with this opportunity that you came here, I do not assure that everyone there will look like you.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Comrade Enver, I say with conscience that these events happened, but I always thought that these were known. This is a fault and I bear the responsibility for this, I do not blame the Central Committee for this, I am aware of this.
COMRADE PALI MISKA: As for what you know, why don’t you tell the Central Committee then?
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Yes, yes, I will tell you, Comrade Pali, they have documents there.
COMRADE ADIL CHARCANI: Okay, okay, we will also say our opinion about all of them.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Yes, this is my opinion.
COMRADE ADIL CHARCANI: We have read your self-criticism.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Do you have any other issues that have not been exhausted with Kadri?
COMRADE RAMIZ ALIA: There is no time; I think we should start with the discussions.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: With the discussions, I agree. So who is there to discuss?
COMRADE SIMON STEFANI: Getting acquainted with the important documents of the Party, which talk about serious violations of its line, about the activity of the Internal Affairs bodies directed by Comrade Kadri, since he was first Deputy Minister and then Minister of Internal Affairs, the very heavy responsibility of this fellow is clear?
During the entire period that Kadriu has been in charge of this department, of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, they have developed their hostile activity against the Party and our state by various groups of enemies, which were directed by the chief agent Mehmet Shehu. It is a fact that the main cadres of the State Security bodies are included at the head of these hostile groups.
This means that instead of the State Security discovering this hostile activity, the responsible cadres of this sector have been put at the service of foreign agencies against the Party and our state. All the most important enemy groups have been discovered so far by the Central Committee and Comrade Enver, who had to fight both against internal and external enemies and in very difficult conditions.
So, the department where you worked as a minister did not work for the discovery of this hostile activity, which is carried out against the Party and our state. In the written self-criticism you addressed to the Politburo, you do not explain why these mistakes you committed against the Party and our state. The arguments you give are not convincing, they do not reveal the ideological roots and concepts that have led you down this wrong and very dangerous path.
What you write in your self-criticism, why you did not analyze the directives of the Party, with the staff of the department, if I say it, that you lacked the courage to tell the problems before the Party, that you you were subjected to the pressure of the enemies, etc., they do not analyze and do not reveal the reasons why you fell into these mistakes.
In my opinion, the directives of the Party, as for all problems and other areas of its activity and of our state, also for the issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, are clear, written and well explained, but from the side yours has lacked the desire to study them and the disposition to not apply them with care and partiality by you and your subordinates.
By working outside these rules and norms, you and your subordinates have put yourself above the Party line, above its norms. These and other actions have cultivated a part of the State Security cadres that their work and activity is outside the control of the Party and the authorities. No, the Party has always clearly shown that the Internal Affairs bodies are a lever and sharp weapon in its hands.
Likewise, it is not true that you lacked the courage to openly and on time tell the problems to the Party. You, as I have heard in meetings and in various meetings, have raised more problems for others and less for your work and the bodies you have covered. Even those problems that you have raised for the Internal Affairs bodies have been completely insignificant, even very trivial, compared to the hostile activity that took place in your department.
If you knew or smelled the hostile activity that was taking place before your eyes and you did not have the courage to tell the Party, that along with this, your responsibility would also come out, it would be good if you told us today at this meeting, why did you lack courage?
In your self-criticism, you say that you fell under the pressure of the enemies who were acting, but you don’t say that when you came to this conclusion, why you didn’t turn to the Party in time to help you and get you out of this mess and this swamp. Since you did not turn to the Party, that is, you did not ask for its help, you silently agreed with the actions and attitudes of these enemies, who were acting behind the Party’s back. So, you broke before this pressure of the enemies, you left them a free field to act against the Party and the people.
The Political Bureau and the Central Committee of the Party have analyzed the hostile activity of all the groups that have been discovered in our country, they have drawn out the causes, goals, ways and methods that the enemies have used against the Party. At the same time, the Party has set a number of measures of a political, ideological, military character, etc., for the entire Party, its levers, etc., for increased vigilance and for the strict implementation of all party norms and laws the state.
From the analysis we are doing today, it appears that you and your subordinates have not learned lessons; you have not put the implementation of these tasks that the Party has set as the basis of your work. In the criticism you made to Mehmet Shehu at the meeting of the Political Bureau, you did not stand out for bringing new facts, as you say in your self-criticism. In my opinion, starting from the position you had as Minister of Internal Affairs, you brought much less facts than the other members of the Politburo, instead of giving much more than the others, for his unmasking.
Thus, you have not done your duty to the Party properly, due to the fact that your close friends had been working as sworn enemies of the Party for a long time. Then, why do you say that opinion praised you, why do you try to give yourself the credit that does not belong to you? Our assessment and attitude towards Mehmet Shehu’s hostile activity was made right by the Plenum of the Central Committee and Comrade Enver. The opinion that has reached you is a sick opinion, while the opinion of the Party is that you should be more accountable, because you have allowed these enemies in the headquarters of the Ministry where you have been in charge for a long time operate without any hindrance.
From the study of the new materials we have found, it is clear that without any hindrance, with your knowledge and without obtaining the approval of the Central Committee of the Party, you have given the Soviets very important top secret state documents. This action of yours constitutes a serious violation of the line and norms of the Party and our state that regulate the work in the State Security bodies.
These documents that were given to the Soviets by you were not used with the intention to familiarize with their contents our students who studied in the Soviet Union, as you claim in your self-criticism, surely the facts that the Soviets got in their hands there, they used as arguments to attack the Party and its leadership.
Even after the breakdown of relations with the Soviet Union, you, as Minister of Internal Affairs, did not take the trouble to inform the Central Committee of the Party and its First Secretary, about all the hostile activity that had developed behind her back. As well as the discovery of the hostile activity of Mehmet Shehu’s gang, you again did not say anything to the Central Committee, about this agential work that was done by the Soviets in our country, etc.
Your failure to inform the Party Central Committee in time has allowed the enemies to work against the Party and its line for a long time. Some of the cadres, who were known by you as agents of the Soviets, or from other revisionist countries, were put in important positions and leadership positions, with your knowledge and at your suggestion. So these issues were known by you, so why did you keep them hidden from the Party? Even when the enemies of the Party were discovered, Kadri Hazbiu’s attitude was still passive, not at all active.
You are surprised by the fact that, during the investigation of the hostile activity of the putschists and other enemies, numerous attempts and manipulations were made by the enemies to avoid revealing the threads that connected Mehmet Shehu and his gang, while you say that you allegedly have worked day and night and you know nothing about these actions. If you, as the main leader of the Ministry, have not dealt with these dangerous enemies, to discover in depth their hostile activity and to find the threads with whom they were connected, then the question is rightly asked: what are you with? Received?
In my opinion, there are two answers that can clarify this issue here: either you knew about these manipulations and remained silent, or you conscientiously neglected the duty the Party assigned you. I am with the first, you knew and kept silent. Whichever of these two variants, burdens you with heavy responsibility, because you gave free rein to the enemies to act as they wanted, to hide their hostile activity and to damage the Party and our political-social order. Memorie.al
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