1912 – Paramount Pictures is founded. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio and subsidiary of Viacom CBS. She is considered the fifth oldest film studio in the world, the second oldest film studio in the United States, and the only member of the Big Five film company still in Los Angeles.
1927 – Attempts to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from Paris to New York by French war heroes Charles Nungesser and François Coli disappear after taking off with their White The Bird. The disappearance of The White Bird is considered one of the great mysteries in the history of aviation. Some rumors circulated as if they had been lost in the heart of the Atlantic.
1945 – At the end of World War II, German military forces in the West agree to an unconditional surrender. The German instrument of capitulation was the legal document that carried out the annihilation of Nazi Germany and ended World War II in Europe. It was signed before the Allied High Command stationed in Karlshost, Berlin. 24 hours later it was also signed for the Soviet Union.
1960 – Franco Baresi is born in Travagliato. Baresi is a former Italian player and coach. He mostly played as a central defender, and spent his entire 20-year career with the Serie A Milan club, capturing the club for 15 seasons. He is considered one of the greatest defenders of all time and ranked 19th on the list of World Soccer magazine’s list of the 100 Greatest Players of the 20th Century.
1973 – A 71-day blockade between federal authorities and members of the Indian-American Movement occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation in Wounded Knee, South Dakota, ends with the surrender of militants. The protest followed the failure of an attempt by Oglala Sioux, the Civil Rights Organization, to blame tribal leader Richard Wilson, whom they accused of corruption and abuse of opponents.
1978 – The first Everest mountain climb without additional oxygen is made by climbers Reinield Messner and Peter Habeler. This adventurous challenge is undoubtedly the most dangerous and courageous in the sport of mountaineering. After the climbing of Everest by Messner, and Habeler, who were without supplemental oxygen, no group of climbers could undertake such a thing.
1988 – A fire at Illinois Bell’s Hinsdale Headquarters causes an extensive outage of the 1-AESS network. This is considered to be “the worst telecommunications disaster in the history of the telephone industry in the United States.” The number one electronic switching system (1ESS) was the first control system of the large-scale stored program or the electronic switching system in the Bell system.
2013 – Bryan Forbes dies at the age of 86. Forbes, was an English director, screenwriter, actor, and novelist, described as a “Renaissance man” and “one of the most important figures in the British film industry.” Some of his films are, The Stepford Wives, Whistle Down the Wind, King Rat, The League of Gentlemen, The Angry Silence, and Only Two Can Play.