1910 – Leon Tolstoy dies at the age of 82 in Atsapovo. Tolstoy, was a Russian writer considered one of the greatest authors of all time. He received numerous Nobel Prize nominations in Literature each year from 1902 to 1906, and Nobel Peace Prize nominations in 1901, 1902 and 1910. The non-receipt of this prize by Tlstoy, is a major controversy for the Nobel Prize. Two of his most famous works in the world are, War and Peace, and Anna Karenina. He also wrote a number of philosophical essays.
1925 – Robert Robert (Bob) Kennedy is born in Massachusetts. Kennedy, was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th Attorney General of the United States from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. senator from New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968. Kennedy, like his brothers John and Edward, was a prominent member of the Democratic Party and has been seen by some historians as an icon of modern American liberalism.
1945 – The famous Trial of Nazi criminals of World War II officially begins in Nuremberg, Germany. This trial was a continuation of a series of military tribunals held after World War II by Allied forces under international law and the laws of war. The trials of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany who planned, or committed, the Holocaust and other war crimes. In these trials there were plenty of Nazi leaders who were sentenced to death.
1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis officially ends after 12 days. In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, US President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation. The Missile Crisis in Cuba is defined as the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union initiated by the American discovery of the deployment of Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba. Confrontation during the Cold War, often tended to escalate into a full-scale nuclear war.
1990 – Andrei Chikatilo, one of the Soviet Union’s most feared serial killers, is arrested. During the trial against him, he eventually testified about 56 murders committed. Later, the number of crimes committed amounted to 60. Also known as the “Rostov Butcher”, Chikatilo is considered one of the main criminals of Soviet Russia in the 80s and 90s. He was sentenced to death for the crimes committed, and was executed by firing squad in 1994. Despite his court testimony, the true reasons for his murders were never revealed.
1994 – Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 20 years of civil war. The two sides signed a ceasefire as part of the protocol on 15 November 1994 and the treaty was signed on 20 November 1994. The Angolan Civil War between the MPLA rebel factions and UNITA would be one of the bloodiest, not only in the history of this country, but throughout the African continent. About 500 thousand civilians lost their lives in it.
2013 – Sokol Olldashi, Albanian politician, MP of the Democratic Party, dies in a road accident on the Elbasan-Tirana road. He completed his secondary education in his hometown, Durrës, while he completed his higher studies in law in 1995 and in 2004 at the Defense College, at the Doctrine Command. From the time of his studies he started working as a journalist in Albania, Rilindja Demokratike, the Albanian Telegraphic Agency and became the editor-in-chief of ATN television, then he was elected head of the Youth Forum of the Democratic Party and, in 2001, he was elected member of Parliament. In 2005 he was appointed Minister of Public Order, which he submitted to run for mayor of Tirana in 2007. After the “loss” of this candidacy, from 2007, he held the post of Minister of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications in the Government of Albania.