Memorie.al publishes the unknown diary of the communist leader of Albania, Enver Hoxha, kept 60 years ago, during the period October-November 1960, when he together with his closest collaborators in the senior leadership of the ALP of that time, like Mehmet Shehu, Hysni Kapo and Ramiz Alia, participated in the celebrations of the 43rd anniversary of the “Great Socialist Revolution of October” as well as the gathering of 81 communist parties from around the world held in the “Georgievskaya” hall of the Kremlin in Moscow. What does the former communist leader of Albania write about that event that is considered one of the most important in the history of communist countries around the world, but also in the relations between official Tirana and the Kremlin, which led to the final breakdown of relations between as well as what happened to the Albanian delegation, since their arrival in Moscow, meetings with foreign delegations of communist parties that participated there, aggravated talks with the Soviet side led by Nikita Khrushchev, who protested against the sentencing of Koço Tashko and Liri Belishova, etc., until the last day they were forced to leave by train from the Soviet Union… ?!
Follows from the previous number
Enver Hoxha’s diary for the meeting of 81 parties in Moscow
MOSCOW, WEDNESDAY 16 NOVEMBER 1960
WE HAVE DONE OUR HOLY DUTY TO MARXISM-LENINISM
At the Meeting of 81 Communist and Workers’ Parties of the World being held here in Moscow this morning, I delivered my speech. The speech, which lasted nearly two hours, was heard in silence. No interruption, no intervention by Khrushchev. So, everything went well. We thus made a sacred duty to our Party, to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and to the entire communist and workers’ movement. We are on the right Marxist-Leninist path. Every statement of ours will be proved by time. We have taken into account everything, every attack and vileness that will be done to us. Marxism-Leninism must be defended at all costs and our Party is defending it. In the afternoon I relaxed. Friends informed me that in the afternoon sessions of the Meeting, Dolores Ibaruri, the “Passionate”, had launched the first unprincipled attack against us. He had made a shameful attack. But we neither touch nor shake. “Let the dogs bark, the caravan moves forward”!
MOSCOW, WEDNESDAY 16 NOVEMBER 1960
THE SOVIETS HAVE ADDED THE PROVOCATIONS
In the announcements sent to us today from Tirana, our comrades inform us that, in a significant way, after we left to attend the Moscow Summit, the Soviets in Albania are implementing their plan of provocations. Friends tell us that two ships from Sebastopol have arrived in Vlora. One has brought food and is unloading at the floating base and the other is a tanker. Friends inform us that the weather continues to be humid and that in Lezha, a quantity of corn has begun to ferment. The army has joined forces with co-operatives to harvest corn as soon as possible and save it from damage. Seeing the situation created by the Soviet revisionists here and the dangers it poses for our concrete security, together with comrades Mehmet, Hysni and others, we thought of the options of returning home. We had shared our thoughts about the option that might be more applicable with our friends in Tirana. Today they propose us to return in stages by plane. At the same time, we are informed that a steamer of our fleet is located in Constanta and is prepared to return us home. We discussed with friends again the issue of ways to return home. We decided not to return by sea, but by train to Budapest. From there we see and do, but for any eventuality and to mislead the actions and plans of the treacherous Soviet revisionists, we asked for our plane to land us in Budapest. We asked a group of Security friends to come to Budapest, who, together with the friends who accompany us and the friends of our embassy there, to take care of the necessary measures to return to Tirana. The issue of returning from Budapest by plane will be reviewed.
MOSCOW, THURSDAY NOVEMBER 17, 1960
THE MOSCOW MEETING CONTINUES
The Moscow Meeting continues. Today, the Trotskyist Vladislav Gomulka also launched a bandit attack against our speech at this Meeting, against me personally, etc.
MOSCOW, FRIDAY 18 NOVEMBER 1960
VISIT OF THE CHINESE DELEGATION
We paid a visit to the Chinese delegation at his residence in Leninskie Gori. All members of our delegations assisted. A warm, social conversation ensued. The Chinese said very good words for our glorious Party and for its right path.
MOSCOW, SATURDAY 19 NOVEMBER 1960
THE CHINESE RETURN OUR VISIT
The Chinese returned our visit to our embassy in Moscow. The Chinese delegation was headed by Liu Shao Chia.
MOSCOW, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1960
SOVIETS ATTACKED AT MOSCOW COLLECTION
These days Mehmeti and I did not go to the meeting, but we stayed at the embassy, why Zhivkot and Dezhët with friends, curse and bark like dogs. The time will come when they will lick everything, they are saying against us. The time will definitely come for them to give an account.
MOSCOW, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1960
I DECIDE TO POSTPONE THE HOLDING OF OUR IV CONGRESS
Given the situations that are developing here and the short time we have left for our 4th Congress as well as the important problems, of a political and ideological nature, that will have to be posed in light of the situation created after the Meeting of Moscow and the criticism we made of the Soviet revisionists comrades here, we thought and judged it right, to postpone the Congress. We communicated this opinion to our comrades in Tirana with the recommendation to discuss it first in the Politburo and then to definitely decide in the Central Committee, when we return there. We also suggested to the comrades that in this regard, where they have not been done, the holding of Party conferences in the districts be stopped. We thought so because the conferences should be a preparation of the Party for the new situation that is emerging for the Party and for our people.
MOSCOW, THURSDAY 24 NOVEMBER 1960
HRUSHOV AND HIS FOLLOWERS EXTEND DISCUSSIONS
Today is the last plenary session of the first part of the Meeting. We went too. Although the discussions were practically over, they resumed because Khrushchev and a number of other delegations, over 20, certainly pushed by the Soviets, demanded the floor once again. These are Zhivkot, Gomulkat, Torezët and others. Khrushchev himself delivered a second speech. After him, Ten Hsiao Pini took the floor to respond to Khrushchev’s speech. We decided not to discuss a second time, but made a brief written statement, which we distributed to all delegations. In it we rejected all the slanders that were made against the delegation, the Party and our people.
MOSCOW, FRIDAY 25 NOVEMBER 1960
WE LEAVE TO RETURN TO THE COUNTRY
Comrades Mehmet and Hysni met in the Kremlin with Mikoyan and Kozlov. In the evening we left Moscow and left by train for Albania. The Soviets had come out to escort the same people who were waiting for us, with Kozlov at the helm, but this time without the diplomatic corps. At the Kievskaya train station, hundreds of Albanian students who had come out to escort us made a fiery demonstration.
SOVIET UNION, NOVEMBER 26, 1960
AVOID ANY PROVOCATION WITH THE SOVIETS
We are traveling by train to return home via Hungary. The reports we had received from Tirana about the Soviets’ attempts to provoke and because incidents had worried us. Therefore, before leaving Moscow, we instructed Hysni to, as soon as we left, on behalf of me and Mehmet, order his comrades in Tirana to take all necessary measures so that nothing would happen to the Soviet military. at the base of Vlora. Avoid any provocation, because they try by all means to create turbulent situations, to then use them against us.
BUDAPEST, SUNDAY 27 NOVEMBER 1960
ROAD TO RETURN TO HOMELAND, WE STAY IN HUNGARY
After two days of travel, we arrived in Budapest, where our Hungarian friends welcomed us very well. Shandor Ronai was with us. Kadar in Moscow did not attack us like the others. The attitude of the Hungarian comrades towards us should be looked at carefully, because he is social and friendly. Here we decided to return home by train passing through Austria and Italy and not by our Budapest-Tirana plane. Our plane to Tirana will wait for us in Bari. Meanwhile, the friends who accompany us, those who came from Tirana and are here, as well as the friends of our embassy, working with a sense of responsibility, without getting tired and clever, have taken all the necessary measures for passports, visas, trains etc. At 12 o’clock at night we left again by train for Vienna.
VIENNA, MONDAY 28 NOVEMBER 1960
A SHORT STOP IN VIENNA
We arrived in Vienna, where we stayed for 4 hours and took a short taxi ride. After breakfast at a hotel, we headed to Italy.
ITALY, ON THE ROAD TO THE COUNTRY, TUESDAY 29 NOVEMBER 1960
IN THE COUNTRY WE ARE WAITING WITH OPEN AND WITH GREAT ENTHUSIASM
We arrived in Bari and, with our plane waiting for us there, we set off straight for Tirana. We arrived at Rinas airport late at night. We went to attend the reception that was organized at the Palace of Brigades on the occasion of the 16th anniversary of the Liberation of the Homeland. The attendees welcomed us with great enthusiasm, which expresses the approval for the determined and principled position of our Party at the Moscow Meeting.
THURSDAY 1 DECEMBER 1960
MOSCOW DECLARATION SIGNED
The Declaration of the Meeting of 81 Communist and Workers’ Parties was signed in Moscow.
FRIDAY 2 DECEMBER 1960
HYSNIU AND RAMIZI COME
Today Hysniu and Ramiz returned by plane from Moscow.
TUESDAY 8 DECEMBER 1960
OUR PRESS PUBLISHES MOSCOW DECLARATION
The press of our country today published the Declaration of the Meeting of 81 communist and workers’ parties held in Moscow./Memorie.al