Memorie.al publishes an archival document issued by the Central State Archive in Tirana (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), which belongs to the months of July 1949, where there is a letter from the Secretary General of the Communist Party, Enver Hoxha, addressed to party organizations throughout the country, where he informs all communists about the many problems that had arisen with the party organization in the district of Lushnja. The full letter of Enver Hoxha where he explains in detail all the problems of that district where there were two parties competing between them, where the first was led by Hasan Gina, while in the second Halit Ahmeti tried to come out and related to these in the letter of Enver, among others, Enver wrote: “In the organization of Lushnja there was a very pronounced and harmful party work, which if not dictated in time by the Central Committee, could degenerate into more dangerous forms for the Party. One of these parties was led by Hasan Gina and was the most dangerous party. Behind Hasan Gina there are a number of dissatisfied comrades, some unjustly hit by the hostile work of the Trotskyists, but who after the XI Plenum did not see the turn in the road and in the Party line. “With unfair methods and unclear political views, they remembered that ‘the right way’ was revenge, overestimation of their merits beyond measure and many times falsified.”
“In the organization of Lushnja there was a very pronounced and harmful side work, which if not dictated in time by the Central Committee, could degenerate into more dangerous forms for the Party. One of these parties was led by Hasan Gina and was the most dangerous party. Behind Hasan Gina there are a number of dissatisfied comrades, some unjustly hit by the hostile work of the Trotskyists, but who after the XI Plenum did not see the turn in the road and in the Party line. With unfair methods and unclear political views, they recalled that the “right path” was revenge, overestimating their merits beyond measure and often falsified. This view of matters under this prism by these comrades was dangerous and would cause them to err later on. In this group there were ambitious friends, arrivists, people with impure pasts and non-stratified origins. Among this group of sick friends, the sickest, who has acted constantly (despite the advice of the Central Committee) to worsen the situation, has been Halit Ahmeti. The second party, which did not have a figure at the top but was trying to create one (so tried to hide behind the former first secretary of the organization, who is not implicated in this group), was formed by comrades who had made mistakes before the XI Plenum, who had been struck for their mistakes, and who had been linked to each other by ill family and solidarity in the “misfortune” that befell them.
This is stated, among other things, in a letter of Enver Hoxha dated July 23, 1949, sent to all party organizations in the country, where he was informed about the major problems that had arisen in the party organization. of the district of Lushnja, where according to him there operated “two parties” that rivaled each other. The first group or party was led by Hasan Gina, while in the second group, Halit Ahmeti tried to come out. For more about this and what happened in the high party and state bodies of the Lushnja district in 1949, when official Tirana had just broken off friendly relations with the Yugoslavia of Marshal Josoif Broz Tito, this archival document which Memorie recognizes. al publishes it for the first time and in full in two issues of the dossier category.
Enver Hoxha’s letter on the problems that had arisen in the district of Lushnja
July 23, 1949
“ON SICK WORK IN THE ORGANIZATION OF LUSHNJA”
Followed by the last number
Friends from this group have gone as if to congratulate people who had been released from prison, why their sentence had been pardoned, without judging a little that these convicted enemy elements had indeed been pardoned a part of the sentence, but they have been guilty. A series of such wrong actions, oriented the bourgeoisie to see in this group a support for bolder actions against the people, therefore the bourgeoisie supported with slogans and propaganda the action of these comrades. The foreign element of the Party was participating in this situation, which was developing and influencing within the people of the Party, that is, in its actions. In the activity of Hasan Gina and Halit Ahmeti’s party with friends, a dangerous and characteristic tendency of the war waged by the bourgeoisie against our power began to appear: the issue of religious differences.
Characteristically, most of the sick comrades of this group are of Muslim origin and the pressure of the bourgeoisie that was exerted on this group, came from the Muslim element hit. Such a regrouping, perhaps unconscious, was seen in the other group in opposition with the group of Hasan Gina and Halit Ahmeti with friends. In this antagonistic group are friends of Christian origin. Such tendencies, which prove the methods of the bourgeoisie’s war, appeared in this unhealthy work, which was taking place in Lushnja, and thus in indirect forms appeared and was organized the beginning of a schism in religious ways.
The party in opposition to the party of Hasan Gina and Halit Ahmeti with friends consists mainly of elements that were wrong before the XI Plenum and that even those not in the right path of the Party seek to break Hasan’s party, to strengthen their personal positions, to they work with the same wrong methods that Hasan Gina’s party fights. Shortly after the congressional hearing, the Central Committee appointed Hasan Gina as the organization’s first provisional secretary. Hasan Gina in the functions of secretary carried out a sick activity, as analyzed above and did not keep the Central Committee up to date. Later, the Central Committee, in the interest of the Party, took measures by appointing bureaucrats and provisional secretaries in the districts, in order to strengthen the work in the organizations, until new elections are held. Such a decision was made for Lushnja as well. Before communicating this decision to the Lushnja organization, Hasan Gina and Halit Ahmeti with friends, are alarmed by the irresponsible rumors of a friend and send an alarming letter to the Central Committee.
These friends are alarmed, because they are afraid of being removed from the positions they have occupied and of course their ambition overwhelms them. These comrades had an unhealthy worldview on the Party and with their narrow views regarded the Central Committee as a forum where one could easily intrigue to appoint or dismiss an even small Party functionary. After the appointment of the provisional bureau and secretaries in Lushnja, where Hasan Gina did not appear as the first secretary, he and his friends addressed another more alarming letter to the Central Committee about the situation of the Lushnja organization and their party started whispering. to further complicate the situation, they had created in the organization, to discredit the decisions of the Central Committee, with which decisions, Hasan Gina, Halit Ahmeti and their comrades, did not agree.
Although Hasan Gina and Halit Ahmeti were summoned before the Secretariat of the Central Committee and fled ostensibly clarified, they not only disobeyed, but their subsequent work showed that they were continuing on the wrong path. Prior to the Party elections they began their activity in wrong forms and punishable by Party rules. At the time of the Party elections, the issue took on aggravated forms and all this sick work became apparent. At the Party conference in Lushnja, despite the orientation given to them by the Central Committee delegate, Hasan Gina’s party began unprincipled, unfounded and exaggerated criticism. The other party started and he defended himself and his criticisms of the same nature, that is, the elections took place on unprincipled party platforms in a very sick atmosphere, where a very sick criticism and self-criticism seemed, where ambition, intrigue, etc. dominated., of these sick people divided into parties.
Such an important mission that the organization had entrusted to them, they used to fulfill their personal ambitions and their ill-fated goals. Badly orienting the election resulted in both parties not voting for each other and having fewer votes than everyone else, thus happening at the bottom of the list. It is clear, then, the goals that were aimed at that conference. This kind of work had another serious consequence, that in the Party Committee were elected many friends not suitable for leadership and that could not be otherwise, why from this sick work clan and ambition, would be such elements in leadership.
Having always been fully convinced that in the organization of Lushnja there is a large number of healthy, loyal, clean and working class friends, the Central Committee recommends to them to put all efforts to cleanse these diseases and the existing flaws in their organization, to strengthen this, to make them revolutionary fighters for the full realization of the Party program, to make them ruthless against the enemy of the class, and to carry out the class struggle successfully. The Central Committee recommends to the organization of Lushnja, to go a little deeper into the directives and the line of the Party, to make these its flesh and blood and with new blood, to go to work and to war. The Central Committee is convinced that the shortcomings and mistakes, which have been proven in some people of this organization, will be cleared as soon as possible, using vigorously and correctly the powerful weapons of the Party, criticism and self-criticism. Criticism and self-criticism are necessary conditions for a just militant activity, that is, only through these can we learn lessons, we can draw mistakes and weaknesses from the root, in order to correct them. You have to work well and everyone has to work well, but criticism and self-criticism are tools that make you work well.
Criticism and self-criticism, well understood for their great role, make the militant who uses these consciously, keep his feet on the ground, make him understand and fight the influence of bourgeois ideology on the consciousness of the workers. The correct understanding of the role of criticism and self-criticism, results in the communist approach to the masses and forces the militant to know himself well first, not to forget the path he has taken, forces the militant to be understandable, to be modest and unpretentious. Bourgeois morality has left its mark on us. There are friends with a sick conscience, who do not want to know that they have made a mistake, who live with the past and are satisfied with the experience they have gained once and for all. These are wrong, but so are others. These friends enjoy themselves and overestimate their aptitude. These become pedantic preachers and when criticized for the mistakes they make, they defend these mistakes and there are people around them who applaud and conscientiously approve or not.
There are also people who do not approve. Knowing full well that they have done wrong or that they are not right in the matter they are defending, knowing that they are defending error, they boast that they have crushed the adversary, they are arrogant about it. They have simultaneously lied to themselves and a number of comrades, who have applauded or approved, they have damaged the Party cause. So, they did a very harmful job. A friend makes a mistake against a friend or against the organization. He must openly acknowledge the error, but he has friends, who from sick sedation do not admit it; they put themselves above everything. Other friends know that he is wrong, but they defend him for “personal friendship”, and put him sick. When criticized, they did not admit guilt and went far as shown above.
Some friends do not live outside their shell nor can they see their mistakes. They instead of knowing for the good of their comrades who point out these mistakes, on the contrary get angry; there are other friends who, for the sake of personal friendship, which is nothing but a formal and superficial friendship, do not point out their mistakes, but come around to the mistake, or many times tell them the mistakes and criticize them without even giving the slightest explanation, or, so as not to touch them in their conscience, put others to tell them. Feeling reluctant to point out the faults of the other is nothing but the reflection of the false reports of bourgeois politics and that makes you a hypocrite, that accumulates criticism and hostility. We must speak openly among our fellow militants, speak the truth calmly, and submit voluntarily, consciously and openly to criticism and self-criticism, and not consider these only as a task, but as a necessary function of militant activity.
Criticism and self-criticism are the driving force of socialist society. These cause all the remnants of bourgeois morality to disappear from us. Revolutionary morality, which allows us to confront our thoughts and actions is based on the principles of the new classless society, and this revolutionary consciousness has the permanent elements of formation and development in the working class and in relation to Bearing, therefore, always keeping in mind the tasks. to the working class, we must subject our actions to Bolshevik criticism and self-criticism only in this way will we fight the remnants of bourgeois morality that exist in the militants, only in this way will we fight with the greatest severity the pressure of reactionary ideology and the pressure of bourgeoisie.
Thus, we will strengthen and harden ourselves as militants and thus our Party will become more and more chained. The Central Committee, after conducting a detailed study of this issue, decided to cancel the elections of the Lushnja organization, because these elections took place in the sick situations mentioned above. The Political Bureau of the Central Committee appoints the provisional bureau of the Party Committee for Lushnja with Comrade Mihal Bisha as political secretary. The composition of the Provisional Bureau until the new elections is notified especially to the Party Committee for the Lushnja district. This letter should be worked on in the Party organizations for the district of Lushnja and in all the Party organizations of other districts and serve as a lesson for the whole Party to fight with such rigorous foreign appearances for our Party, also to arm the Party from this experience, preserving and fighting the pressure of the bourgeoisie and its hostile methods. /Memorie.al
For the Politburo of K.Q. of the ALP