The fifth part
Memorie.al publishes some archival documents with the initials “Top secret”, issued by the Central State Archive in Tirana (Fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP) which belong to 1961 and are part of a voluminous folder with letters , reports, information, reports, instructions, petitions, etc., where it comes to the beginning of contradictions and the breakdown of official Tirana’s relations with the Soviet Union, which at that time was very much felt by Albanian students who were then studying in schools and universities of the Soviet Union, who, by order received from Tirana, discontinued their studies and waited for instructions to return to Albania. The complete file of Albanian students in the former Soviet Union, where most of them, mainly those who attended Military Academies, High School of State Security, Police, Border, Justice, etc., had major problems and were met with many vicissitudes with the official Russian authorities, leading to the measure of arrest as well as the intervention of the Albanian military attaché in Moscow, Major General Halim Ramohito, to unblock the situation and return the Albanian military students to their homeland.
Fund: CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY
Content: REPORTS OF RELATIONS OF FORMER attache MILITARY Albanians in the Soviet Union HALIM RAMOHITO, responsible GROUPS OF SECRETARIES OF ORGANIZATIONS BASIS OF trainees Party and officers studying at school MILITARY USSR where the form: ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ORDER OF PRA GOVERNMENT , FOR THE RETURN TO THE COUNTRY OF MARINE STUDENTS, ETC. OBSTACLES AND PRICING IN THEIR CONDITIONS ARREST OF BODIES Soviets, STAY GOOD POLITICAL trainees and officers Albanians and the conversations they have had with citizens, trainees officers Soviets, the situation in the Soviet Union Unhappiness POLICY Khrushchev, collecting Bucharest OF MOSCOW, THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS YUGOSLAV REVISIONISM, THE SOLIDARITY OF THE PEOPLE, THE STUDENTS, AND SOME SOVIET OFFICERS, WITH THE RIGHT ATTITUDE OF THE ALP.
Continued from the previous issue
R E P O R T
Conversation of A.P.P.SH. Jorgji Pando, with the former Director of the Faculty, Col. Cibikin Afanas Vasilijevic
Pando: Regarding cognition, I will tell you that cognition has three ways in which you can come to conclusions about one issue or another. One of them is the first with the eyes. I know both Albania and the Soviet Union well. And you knew Albania as good, from the good words that good people say to you. But now you know it as bad, from the bad words that bad people say to you. But Albania is better than ever and never, not only for itself, but also for the Soviet people, and for Marxism. But I see that I am having a dialogue with a man from whom I do not hope to become a Marxist. Like you, do not expect me to be a defender of revisionism and opportunism.
Cibikin: Oh friend Pando, as far as I can see you has studied philosophy well.
Pando: We try and apply it.
Cibikin: Then why were your friends scared when they were interrogated one by one?! Why did comrades Vangjel Xhixho and Mato Idrizi protest or were they not afraid that there would be “shaking” from your ranks?!
Pando: It is very gratifying that we are finding that the purpose of your teaching committee was not to see our successes in lessons, but to have a “special mission” to control our “oscillations”. Are you getting the answer?! We do not have to waver because our Party has told us the whole truth and you have been deceived. We have talked to many Soviet citizens and they are completely right.
Cibikin: Who are the Soviets who talk to you like that?!
Pando: You, you have found this way of talking to me to secure the pension, and those people, have seen our loyalty and are confident that we, will not be the cause for their child to be left without bread.
Cibikin: Why do you shout urrraaa and long live the Soviet Union, the day you escorted Gijon and Idriz. Isn’t this demagoguery?!
Pando: We are saddened by the Soviet Union, and its wonderful people. Our friendship has been, is, and will remain unbreakable. I believe that your people do not call this demagoguery. You, you said that our friends would waver. But I’m telling you, none of us can stand the well-known tactic of provocation. And we sent our representatives to tell you that this is the men’s square. They conveyed to you our words, the decision of all, and our steadfastness. And you called them anti-Soviet. I emphasize that if you were anti-Albanian, as they were anti-Soviet, then I would make you sincerely “happy”, and I would be enthusiastic about your anti-Albanianism. I, I wish you to live long to see the truth.
Cibikin: Thank you for the greeting. I will live a century.
Pando: I would like to wish you more but the truth will come out very soon.
Cibikin: What about our truth?
Pando: You, tell me. We, we say with us. And we believe more.
Thus ended this conversation. But among other things when I told her that it was a tactic of provocation, he replied that here: e.g. Enver Hoxha did not want the friendship to be arranged, as Khrushchev invited him two or three times to talk. Then I replied: we know this fact too, but we like to speak as communists, and as men where everyone listens to us and not secretly and behind the scenes. Only this way, he knows the true Marxism and not the secret behind the scenes known to the imperialists and revisionists, who are afraid of the truth.
Note: I reported this conversation to our embassy in Moscow. Between that report and this one, there may be some differences of expression. Maybe here, there may be more or less, which comes from the textual recollection of his words and mine. But the essence of the conversation is given in full.
With honor and respect
(Army staff in Directorate IV)
Fund: CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY.
Content: RELATIONS OF INFORMATION BY RESPONDENT GROUPS OF ORGANIZATION BASED AND STAFF OF THE BODIES OF AFFAIRS WHICH HAVE BEEN FOR STUDIES IN SCHOOLS SECURITY, POLICE, BORDER, AND JUSTICE, in the Soviet Union, where it is ON COMMUNICATION FOR REMOVAL FROM SCHOOL AND RETURN OF OFFICERS AND STUDENTS, CONVERSATIONS THAT HAVE DEVELOPED IN SEMINARS, WITH PEDAGOGISTS AND OTHER PERSONS RELATED TO THE POLITICAL CONTRADICTIONS OF THE IDEOLOGIANS AND THE IDEOLOGIANS
I N F O R M A T I O N
We, Thoma Duro and Maman Hasani, former students of the 3rd year, of the High School at the USSR State Security Committee, at the time when we were preparing for the state exams, on 6.4.1961, called us Chief of School, Major General Kuljenkov. And in the presence of Colonel Grigorjev, the Head of the 5th Faculty of the same school, they immediately communicated our expulsion from school and departure within 48 hours, as persons unwanted to stay in the Soviet Union. To our question why such a measure was taken, he answered as follows:
- For Thoma Duron:
- In a seminar held in the classroom, he said that the Bucharest Meeting has been a black mark on the world communist movement.
- As Secretary of the Basic Organization in the third year of school, he has allowed peers from different groups to engage in political conversations, rather than just teaching. This has led to violations of the school curriculum and discipline.
- For Maman Hasan:
- In a seminar held in a classroom, he expressed unfair views.
- He asked why the Soviet press did not write a word about Albania.
- As a Group Commander, he has allowed his comrades to talk about political topics instead of dealing with the curriculum.
We insisted that he tell us more concretely what other unfair political conversations, according to him, were made by us or our friends, but he did not tell us any other concrete.
Regarding the issues raised against us, we stated: It is more than true that in the seminars organized according to the school curriculum, we discussed and said that the Bucharest Meeting was a black mark on the international communist movement. And that we do not see right the fact that India and Egypt, where harsh measures are being taken every day against the communists, and from where whole armed contingents are leaving in the service of imperialism to suppress the patriotic war of the Congolese people, Billions and billions of rubles are spent, instead of these rubles being allocated as aid for the economic recovery of the less developed countries of the socialist camp, as well as in the Soviet Union itself.
We asked and continue to ask, we told him, why the Soviet press does not write anything about Albania, as a socialist country. Our views and the issues we have raised have not been insults and insults to anyone, they have not been slanders but just and principled things in support of the Moscow Declaration, representatives of the communist and workers’ parties, as well as in defense of Marxism-Leninism, have also been concrete facts occurring in reality.
We have fought throughout the school period to implement the curriculum, to benefit as much as possible from it, to strengthen order and discipline in school, about which our results in lessons clearly speak.
Speaking to us about these issues, he told us: “Let us jump concretely on the decision we made on June 8. To leave for the homeland by plane and I do not allow political conversations to take place within the walls of my school, but “Only talk about the curriculum. For this, he continued, order the other friends before you leave, otherwise, other measures will be taken.” /Memorie.al
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