The fourth part
Memorie.al publishes a voluminous archival file issued by the institution of the Authority for Information of Former State Security Files, where there are hundreds of documents with the logo “Top secret” belonging to the former political prisoner, Xhavit Qesja, originally from the city of Kruja, whose family during the period of occupation of the country, 1939-1944, was closely associated with the Anti-Fascist Movement, being one of its main bases and made available all the wealth it had, as Xhavit was one of the first members of the Albanian Communist Party for the Kruja district, leading the Kruja-Ishëm partisan battalion and the 22nd Assault Brigade. Xhavit Qese’s political career after the end of the War, where he was appointed and served in senior positions in the Albanian Army, the apparatus of the Central Committee of the ALP, and several districts of the country, from where he was sent to study in the Soviet Union, where remained until 1957, when he was announced to return to Albania urgently, after openly expressing his views in favor of the political line being pursued by the main Kremlin leader, Nikita Khrushchev, condemning the Stalin cult. Enver Hoxha’s conversation with Xhavit Qesen in his office in the Central Committee, where he sharply criticized him for the wrong views he had shown during his studies in Moscow, urging him to reflect and make self-criticism, but Xhavit rejected the suggestion of the first secretary of the Albanian Labor Party, which caused him to no longer be allowed to go to the Soviet Union to complete his studies, but to be sent to work as deputy chairman of the Elbasan Executive Committee, from where a year later, he was expelled from the Party and exiled to Zvërnec Island, where the communist regime kept isolated some of the former senior party and state cadres whom he had condemned for their anti-party views. Xhavit Qes’ long ordeal and persecution from 1957 to 1990, where he spent a full 32 years in prison and internment, being one of the few Burrel prison convicts to go on long hunger strikes in protest of the treatment and savage attitude of the communist regime of Enver Hoxha towards him. The complete form, investigative and judicial file in charge of Xhavit Qeses, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al, which contains the documents of the former State Security that reflect the prosecution and wiretapping against him, the reports of Security collaborators with pseudonyms their correspondence with the letters he sent to the highest party and state instances, as well as the highest leaders of the ALP, until 1991 when he was released from prison!
Continued from the previous issue
Biography of Xhavit Qeses and his family, compiled in 1957 by the State Security Operational Worker, lieutenant, Arif Gjeta
Operational Worker of K.P. Elbasan, on 21 / XII / 57
N / Lieutenant (Arif Gjeta)
(Xhevit Hajdar Qeses)
Xhevit Qesja, son of Hajdari and Sabrije, born in Kruja and today resident in the city of Elbasan, with profession N / Labor, with higher education, married with children, comes from a rich commercial class, never convicted, with Albanian citizenship and nationality.
During the anti-popular regime of Zog, if he finished primary school in the city of Kruja, he went to Tirana and continued his high school and in Tirana, he joined the Nac movement groups. Çl. In 1942, he escaped to the mountains with a group of friends and in 1943; he became the Commissar of the Kruja-Ishëm Battalion. With this duty as Commissar of the Battalion, he remained until September 1944 and at this time the 23rd Brigade was formed and he was appointed Commissar of the 23rd Brigade. Albania.
Attitude of family and tribe:
In the time of Zog, his father in Kruja, was the largest merchant in Kruja and one who was associated with Abaz Kupi. In the time of fascism as the richest family both in the city and in the village who had a third of the land and a large amount, Sheep e Goat, Cow, which he had released through the villages for half, who by means of of this wealth, dominated over the peasant.
The arrival of Italian and German fascism in our country was well received by this family and the fact shows that in general Xhavit’s family fought the Nac Movement. Çl. Except for Xhavit’s mother, who helped her son (Xhevit) with groceries, since he fled, Xhevit did not go to his house, but took refuge with his cook, Sabri Qesja, who has were the main base of the Nac.Çl. in the city of Kruja. But it is worth noting that Xhevit, and after the liberation of the country, he no longer went to his home, i.e. to his Father and Uncles.
Xhevit apart from his cousin, Sabri Qeses and his brother Xhaf Qeses, who is A.P. and with work near Kom. Durrës Party, who have a good attitude, while others do not have a good attitude and that a part of his relatives are elaborated by us for hostile activities against our popular power.
As for Xhevit’s stay, after the liberation he did not live in this city, but he was always working in Tirana and other districts, as in other Berat, where he was the First Secretary of the Communist Party.
Report-information of the State Security Operational Worker, Captain Avni Mehmeti, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Vjollca”, regarding the pursuit and surveillance of Xhevit Qeses!
RECEIVED FROM P. OPERATIVE GIVEN BY B.P.
Captain (Avni Mehmeti) “Vjollca”
Elbasan on 4/1/58 Nr ._____
R E P O R T
The source informs that on 27/12/1957, on Friday at ten o’clock in the morning, the meeting was held for the realization of the plan and after the meeting, he went to Tourism and there he met with Agron Frashëri, where Niko Adhami were present and Qamil Preçi, in the above conversations, talked about the control and the questions asked by the delegate of the Ministry of Industry, regarding the bottles of alcohol and the quantities of jam withdrawn from the canning for the sample in the director’s office, some people for advances in the form of loans from other employees.
Regarding this, Agroni said: I learned these things in Tirana and that the purpose of the meeting was not for the realization of the plan, but was my work, for all these things I have received with proper documents.
After the other two left, we were both left with Agron and his brother, Agron went on to say, that: in terms of alcohol and jam, I was ordered by the minister to provide the champions. Then Agron said to me: beware that they do not like you and many words are circulating about you regarding relationships with women, so keep in mind these things that I told you.
He asked me what they said about me, I told him that they asked me about the money I lent you, or not, and I told him that these are personal matters and I told them that they do not have what you need, while for jams, I told him he took them for champions and has them in the office.
Tonight, he advised me to be prudent enough; that they do not look at you with kind eyes, it comes that you associate with me. On December 29 or 30, 1957, at 4.30 pm, Xhavit Qesja and Angji Faber came to the Marmalade Factory, in the following conversations, they talked about the meeting held by Jani Fullani, among others, the questions asked by the delegate of the Ministry , this one for Agron.
Agron told Xhavit that I advised him to beware of words and Xhevit told me to be careful of words, because he knows how things are set up.
- When you have the opportunity to talk to Agron, about foreign events, ask about the Yugoslav position on the issue of the statement made in Moscow by the 12 parties of the People’s Democracies, why did they not sign them, while the peace manifesto was signed ?!
- After asking this question, say that I do not understand their attitude, or that they do not call themselves in the socialist camp.
Captain Avni Mehmeti
Report-information of the State Security Operational Worker, Captain Avni Mehmeti, with the data of the Security collaborator with the nickname “Pëllumbi”, for the pursuit and surveillance of Xhavit Qeses!
Received from P.Op. Given by B.p. “ Pëllumbi “
Captain Avni Mehmeti Elbasan, on 10.1.1958
R E P O R T
The source informs that in November he had met with Xhavit Qesen, Nazim Batalli, and Maqo Lena, who went to Gaqo Ligori, who called them for lunch. After they started drinking a few glasses, Nazim’s health was raised two or three times, saying: “Let us drink this glass for the health of Comrade Xhavit, wishing him to fulfill his goals as soon as possible his”.
He said these words several times and it was understood that he had the word to complement Xhavit’s thoughts and performances. When these health conditions were restored, Xhavit thanked and drank brandy without saying a word.
During the month of December, he had gone to the village of Shtermen in Cërrik, together with Xhavit Qesen and some other friends etc.
When Gaqo Ligori asked to be given the surplus of the blessing, Xheviti intervened, saying with these words: “Aman, you expect to receive surplus from these, they do not give you, I know for sure, that they do not give grain”!
Such a thing negatively encouraged the villagers not to give surplus and in fact these expressions had an effect, as that day the villagers did not give any kilogram of surplus to the cooperative.
In a conversation he had with the chairman of the cooperative of Gjocaj village of Peqin district, the latter had told him that Xhavit Qesja had been there and had attended the meeting, he had not spoken a word as a man of the District Executive Committee, d. m .th., as he went, so he returned, leaving no good impression.
The source also informs those in any case for his work, X, to be shown very indifferent and immobilized. At a meeting of the District Executive Committee where the issue of collection is analyzed, decisions were made, Xheviti mockingly wrote to Asllan Veliu in a piece of paper, this word: “Now that it was registered in the protocol, everything is done”, as ie ., with mockery, everything would be accomplished.
- Try that when there are cases that Xhavit goes to work, go and you and during the time you will stay with him, try to find the reasons that talk about his removal from school in the Soviet Union and work in Elbasan. In these cases to learn how he received the measure for the task and the measures taken against him.
- After you have spoken and when he has established confidence in you, showing his mistakes and thoughts on the measures taken by the Party, ask about Nazim’s expressions in his house, making it as if you do not like the attitude of Nazim, as it is a provocative form.
Captain Avni Memhemti
RECEIVED FROM THE CAP. AVDYL VOGLI AWARDED BY B.P. “THE SWORD OF JUSTICE”
REPORT DATED 11/11/1958
The source met with Hajdar Ferra two weeks ago (Xhavit Qeses’s uncle), in the ongoing conversation the source asked where Xhavit is working, Hajdari said that he is in Elbasan, as Deputy. Chairman of the Executive Committee K.P. District. Hajdari added, among other things, that Xhavit Qesja had a position, but he suffered from arrogance and wanted to sell his mind in Moscow, accusing the leadership of the Party and the state of the former Rep. Hungarian worker. Xhavit said that in my opinion, the main responsibility lies with the leadership, which has not been vigilant and allowed counter-revolutionary intervention in Hungary. Hajdari said, what Xhavit needs this job, since there are others who judge him, but to watch school, but this has come mainly because Xhavit is a great mind and was consistent in his views, so he suffered.
“SHPATA E DREJTËSISË”
- He gave you the B.P. that when he meets Hajdar Ferra in the future, to talk about this, about what he raises about Xhavit Qesen, to tell him that I do not believe that Xhavit has made such mistakes on the Hungarian issue, told Xhavit, cannot fall into such mistakes, because he is ideologically elevated.
- If Xhavit Qesja can ever come to Durrës, at that time, consider whether he can get in touch with Peço Kagjini.
To be printed in a copy and sent to P. Underwear, Elbasan District.
Cap. AVDYL VOGLI
Dt.11 / 11/1958
Received from P. Operativ Given by the associateLieutenant Colonel (Shim Kolli) “Skëndi”
He stayed in a place with Xhavit Qesen, at the meeting of agricultural assets that was organized in Elbasan, on the occasion of giving decorations to the Executive Committee of the People’s Council of Elbasan Region, in which I assist sh. Mehmet Shehu.
After the meeting, Xhaviti told him that he did not agree with the expressions of sh. Mehmet Shehu, regarding Yugoslavia. Xhavit told him that on one side sh. Enver declares that we will strengthen relations with Yugoslavia, on the other hand Mehmet Shehu, said that if our country had pursued a different policy, it would have suffered like Kosovo. This is not right, said Xhavit that the Yugoslavs are fine and the whole world knows this, only our leadership ignores it, only for personal reasons, the interest of our country is to be good with the Yugoslavs.
- Conversation with Xhavit, asking him how the work was done, on the occasion of the new organization and how he explains himself, this issue that remained outside the framework.
- Go to Durrës and meet S. Sadedini
- With Agron, when you stay, make a small provocation on his position./Memorie.al
Elbasan on 15 / XII / 1958 N / Colonel (Shim Kolli)
The next issue follows