Memorie.al publishes an archival document issued by the Central State Archive in Tirana (fund 14, of the former Central Committee of the ALP), which belongs to the months of April 1970, where the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs at that time, Rexhep Kolli (who was also the Director of State Security), through a report-information informs the Director of Foreign Relations in the Central Committee of the ALP, Behar Shtylla and at the same time the Secretary of the Central Committee Ramiz Alia, regarding the continuous surveillance of Kosovar emigration to Albania by the State Security bodies, giving in detail all the dissatisfactions they expressed against the communist regime of Enver Hoxha.
“It is said that the People’s Republic of Albania and its leadership have never thought seriously about Kosovo. Its activity in this regard has been limited. Even in the most difficult period that Kosovo went through in the years 1955-1956 – the action of weapons and other Rankovich measures, the Albanian press and radio were content with articles only against Titoist revisionism and did not write anything specific about Kosovo. The situation and treatment of Kosovar emigration in Albania has not always been fair. Kosovars were not treated as Albanians and patriots, but were held in the Çermë and Seman camps. “Only when the situation of Kosovars in Yugoslavia began to change, with the removal of Rankovic, did the Albanian government take some measures and disrupt Semani, while Çerma continues to exist and it is a shame that boys from Kosovo are still kept there.” This is stated, among other things, in a report-information with the logo “Top secret” that belongs to the months of April 1970, where the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Rexhep Kolli, informs the Director of Foreign Relations in the Central Committee of the ALP, Behar Shtylla and at the same time the Secretary of the Central Committee Ramiz Alia, regarding the continuous surveillance of the Kosovar emigration in Albania by the State Security bodies, giving in detail all the dissatisfactions they expressed to the communist regime of Enver Hoxha. For more about this, the document in question informs us, which Memorie.al publishes in full.
Information report of the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Rexhep Kolli, on Ramiz Alia and Behar Shtyllën
THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA SECRET
MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS Copy no. 1
Tirana, on April 1, 1970
Comrade Behar (Pillar)
SUBJECT: On some hostile views in the ranks of Kosovar emigration residing in the Republic of Albania.
CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF ALP
SHOKUT RAMIZ ALIA
From 1948 onwards, a considerable number of Albanians came to our country from the provinces of Kosovo and the Albanian territories in Macedonia and Montenegro. From our side, based on the orientations, they have been treated as political immigrants.
The main part of this emigration has finally stabilized in our country and as such works and is activated in all sectors of the life of the country. Their politicized stance is pro-Party line and ready to perform any task for the defense of the homeland.
However, in the ranks of this emigration, there are also elements of enemies and irredentists who deliberately oppose the Party line in many issues and especially in what has to do with the problem of Kosovo.
From the processing that our bodies do to these elements, their hostile activity can be summarized in the following directions:
It is said that the People’s Republic of Albania and its leadership have never thought seriously about Kosovo. Its activity in this regard has been limited.
Even in the most difficult period that Kosovo went through in the years 1955-1956 – the action of weapons and other Rankovich measures, the Albanian press and radio were content with articles only against Titoist revisionism and did not write anything specific about Kosovo.
-The situation and treatment of Kosovar emigration in Albania has not always been fair. Kosovars were not treated as Albanians and patriots, but were held in the Çermë and Seman camps.
Only when the situation of Kosovars in Yugoslavia began to change, with the removal of Rankovic, the Albanian government took some measures and disrupted Semani, while Çerma continues to exist and it is a shame that boys from Kosovo are still kept there.
In case the Party leadership knows this situation, we are not with it. (It is known that in Seman of Fier and in Çermë of Lushnja, the most negative persons, enemies and vagabonds were kept, whom we have repatriated to Yugoslavia from time to time.
Currently, Çerma is a farm sector, where some Kosovar families and individuals live. Rather are enemy elements convicted as agents of the UDB, or such who insist on going to Yugoslavia).
-Currently little is thought about Kosovo. The Albanian press and radio are not taking any action, no article on the situation there. Many Kosovo Albanians, or other areas in Macedonia and Montenegro, are leaving these provinces forever, which in turn will lead to the assimilation and disappearance of the Albanian nation. Their place will be taken by Serbian, Montenegrin and Macedonian settlers.
-We as Kosovars, regardless of what the Albanian state does, we must organize and work for Kosovo.
-It is thought to organize groups with trusted persons, who are able to exist in case their activity is misunderstood by the State Security bodies, thinking that with these actions they will dictate to the ALP the necessary attitude to hold in the direction of Kosovo.
-Request that the Ministry of Education, the University, the National Library, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, our diplomatic missions abroad, to allocate special funds and these to be spent to introduce in Kosovo Marxist-Leninist literature, whether of the classics of Marxism, or the works of Comrade Enver. History of the ALP and other Party materials. All this should be done with the help of Kosovars living in our country.
-These elements, enemies and irredentists, try to include their views and this attitude in the ranks of Kosovar students who attend higher education institutions. As a result, there are performances in the ranks of some students that undermine their unity. There are quarrels and accusations they make against each other about links to our State Security organs.
This hostile activity aims to weaken the unity of this emigration, to throw it in opposition to the line and position of the Party, one of the main goals of the Yugoslav Intelligence.
There are cases when this hostile attitude has shaken some other Kosovars with good political attitude, who have not managed to properly understand the position of the Party towards Yugoslavia and in particular Kosovo, that they do not do the right ideo-political work and the instruction of the Council of Ministers on economic treatment is not always applied.
In addition to the differentiated political-educational work with these persons, as well as the agency-operational measures against the enemy element, which will be undertaken by our bodies, we think that the Party and government bodies in the district, as well as the University Party Committee, also based on the data of the branches of Internal Affairs, to increase the political-ideological work in their direction, by engaging comrades and cadres, as well as to correctly implement the instruction of the Council of Ministers for their treatment, as the practice so far has shown that many of them, for various problems of housing, work, education, etc., are directed only to the bodies of Internal Affairs.
This displacement has come as a result of the lack of care shown by the bodies in charge of carrying out these tasks. Our opinion is that their clash for the solution of all problems in our bodies is not even politically right.
DEPUTY MINISTER OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS
EXAMPLES Nr. 1
Temporary, 5 years