Memorie.al publishes an archival document issued by the Central State Archive in Tirana (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), which contains an information report belonging to 1973, on the topic: “On vigilance against the class enemy” “, Where the secretary of the Party Committee of the district of Kruja, Kozma Beqari, informs the Central Committee of the ALP, regarding the moral and political situation in which he was in the district, after the speech of Enver Hoxha held on March 15 of that year and how that word was worked out with the basic party organizations, the mass organizations, the employees of the enterprises and the cooperative peasantry, etc. Full report-information which gives a detailed picture of the moral and political situation of that district, starting from the city of Kruja, Fushë-Kruja, Mamurrasi, Laçi and Miloti, as well as the villages Gurëz and Bilaj, where the main priority is the war of the classes and the blows to the “enemy element”, which, among other things, was expressed: “The People’s Republic of China has fallen into the hands of the Americans”, “In China is asked Chu En Lai and not Mao Zedong”. “Vietnam seeks peace, while we seek war”, “Our newspaper speeches are provocative”, “In our country there are people who sleep without eating dinner, 10% of city workers wait for the day to receive their salary, while leaders receive from 3000 lekë per month and with this money they set banquets and give orders to send to Vietnam steamers with free food items’ at a time when our peasantry in agricultural cooperatives does not even have bread to eat “, etc.
“Discussing the speech of Comrade Enver of the 15th century, it turns out that among many other problems, the communists, cadres and all employees of our district, have greatly increased vigilance to prevent and strike the activity of the enemy and evil element in all areas and directions in our district.
This is confirmed by the fact that only during the last four months of this year, the tracking and operative bodies have hit the hostile and ordinary malicious activity in 59 people. Among these there were communists who speak and express opinions not in line with the Party line and the speech of Comrade Enver, so e.g. The candidate of the Party, Maqo Trebicka, technician in the NNI of Laç, is accompanied by his classmates Mehmet Isai and Andrea Martini, who, in order to inform them about the political line of the Party, also gave them the Bulletins of the Central Committee of the ALP of, so e.g. at the time of the arrest of Mehmet Isai (who was arrested for agitation and propaganda), Bulletin no. 1 of the Central Committee of the ALP. “While two party members in their conversations have badly commented on the recent speeches of Comrade Enver, saying that these (ie the leadership of the Party), have tightened the work, to strengthen their power until they are alive.”
This is stated, among other things, in a report-information of the secretary of the Party Committee of the Kruja district, Kozma Beqari, which belongs to 1973 and is sent to the Central Committee of the ALP, where a complete picture of the moral condition is given and political situation in which he was around, after the speech of Enver Hoxha, held on March 15 and 16 in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the ALP. For more about this, the document in question informs us, which Memorie.al publishes in full and for the first time in this article.
Report-information of the secretary of the Party Committee of the district of Kruja, Kozma Beqari, for the Central committee of the ALP
ON VIGILANCE AGAINST THE CLASS ENEMY
HOW IS PROPAGANDA AND AGAINST PROPAGANDA AGAINST THE ENEMIES OF THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CLASS. MEASURES TAKEN TO STRENGTHEN THE BORDER, AS WELL AS TO PRESERVE THE SECRET
Comrade Enver’s recent speeches served as a guide to understand in a deeper and more comprehensive way the danger posed to our country by the imperialist-revisionist siege, as well as to always carry out, under the leadership of the Party, the class struggle, for intensified the fight against foreign garbage and appearances and consequently to increase to an even greater degree the vigilance against the class enemy.
Discussing the speech of Comrade Enver of the 15th century, it turns out that among many other problems, the communists, cadres and all employees of our district, have greatly increased vigilance to prevent and strike the activity of the enemy and evil element in all areas and directions in our district.
This is confirmed by the fact that only during the last four months of this year, the tracking and operative bodies have hit the hostile and ordinary malicious activity in 59 people. Among these there were communists who speak and express opinions not in line with the Party line and the speech of Comrade Enver, so e.g. The candidate of the Party, Maqo Trebicka, technician in the NNI of Laç, is accompanied by his classmates Mehmet Isai and Andrea Martini, who, in order to inform them about the political line of the Party, also gave them the Bulletins of the Central Committee of the ALP of, so e.g. at the time of the arrest of Mehmet Isai (who was arrested for agitation and propaganda), Bulletin no. 1 of the Central Committee of the ALP. While two party members in their conversations have badly commented on the recent speeches of Comrade Enver, saying that these (i.e. the Party leadership), have tightened the work, to strengthen their power until they are alive.
People who speak and comment against our party and our government have this social composition: 10 people are from the rich, 36 are from the middle class and 13 are from the poor. The above persons have this intellectual and educational level: 11 people are higher education, 21 with secondary education, 15 with 8-year education, 10 with primary education and 2 without education. These persons are concentrated: 50 in the cities of Kruja, Fushë-Krujë, Mamurras, Laç and Milot, and 8 in the villages.
The Party Committee, by studying the materials that came from the discussion of the speech of Comrade Enver Hoxha and in the contacts of the information it received from the Internal Affairs bodies, analyzed these comments and the slogan issued by the enemy elements, grouping and classifying the moments. and directions as follows:
- Comments on the external situation
Enemy elements have propagated that: “The People’s Republic of China has fallen into the hands of the Americans”, “In China is asked Chu En Lai and not Mao Zedong”. “Vietnam wants peace, while we want war,” “Our newspaper speeches are provocative,” “Asian security is not very important to us, but European security, which aims to open borders.”
- For the internal situation
It is commented that: “This government will not stay like this”, “that we have suffered a lot”, “our day will come”, “we should not say 30 years of liberation, but 30 years of coercion, 30 years of handcuffs for the people”.
An enemy element with reactionary origins from the ranks of intelligence, states: “In our country there are people who sleep without eating dinner, 10% of city workers wait for the day to receive their salary, while leaders receive 3000 lek per month and with these they give banquets of money and give orders to send free food steamers to Vietnam ‘at a time when our peasantry in agricultural cooperatives has no bread to eat. ”
Some enemies have propagandized about the supposedly good life I had in Yugoslavia and other capitalist countries, that: “In Yugoslavia life is better, because there with two salaries a worker can buy a personal car”, there have been comments that say “If you are in Yugoslavia, you become rich, while here we have poverty.” In this regard, visitors, tourists, artists, athletes, etc., who come from Kosovo, have negatively influenced, as in our district there is a good number of Kosovar emigrations.
The UDB agents who accompany these, make a propaganda with the Kosovar emigrants who are repatriated to Yugoslavia, “because now we have a good life there, because Tito gave all the rights to the Kosovars”, etc. As a result of this hostile work in the ranks of Kosovar emigration, repatriation requests to Yugoslavia have recently been avoided. In addition to this activity, these groups or persons who have come through official channels, also smuggle, bringing loot and packages, fields (coins), and taking out foreign currency, these are being confirmed by the investigative processes of Adem Muja and Bardhi Kelmendi, who have recently been arrested for hostile activities.
- Comments about Comrade Enver’s recent speeches
The measures taken are like a Soviet anecdote that says: “When you throw bricks from top to bottom, or vice versa, they fall on the worker’s head”, “power is not held with syringes”, “speech is immature, it does not belong to him” deals with children’s long hair and women’s dresses “,” Ay must look at the supply of shops “, People are left to work like horses, eat like rats and cowardly dogs like rabbits”, “It is not the people who have wrong, but it is the communists, it is the children of the greats who have opened the fashion of televisions and functionaries “,” Party leaders are only from the south “,” They look at things through the eyes of a 60-year-old, they forget that they were themselves young people “,” Enver Hoxha like this time, has never been so wild “.
- Comments in terms of art and literature
“We have no literature, writers are servile to these, talents are destined to fail, is there anything more terrible than writing what you do not feel.” These idiots in their comments praise the reactionary writers, considering them good people, among them they propagandize: Padre Gjergj Fishta, Musine Kokalar and Bilal Xhaferri.
- Comments in terms of combat readiness
To arouse panic and insecurity in the working masses, these enemy elements propagate by saying that “no matter how much military preparation we make, we cannot resist the attack, that those who will attack are the largest countries in number and military equipment. , they torture people in vain on military bases, making all these expenses at the expense of the people.
The Party Committee during these difficult months, has responded flame to the activity of the enemy element, raising to a higher degree the political work with the masses and consequently strengthening the revolutionary vigilance, not only with the communists and cadres, but also in all district employees.
During this period, the judiciary has arrested 5 people so far for outright hostile activities and the tracking and operative bodies are doing a research work to make further strikes on elements with hostile activities. Also, during this period, the criminal case was initiated for ordinary problems (theft, beatings, injuries, etc.), of 16 people in custody and 14 at large.
By analyzing the activity of the enemy element in the present moments, the Party Committee and the basic organizations have drawn conclusions and are doing a studied work to respond to the hostile activity of the Vatican. The Front organizations are doing a good job with the working masses, exposing special persons who exercise pro-Catholic clerical activities, especially in the Laç area.
Given the measures that have been taken recently by the Party and the government in the district against the enemy elements, it turns out that the enemy element has begun to not agitate and propagate, to be more reserved. However, the party committee has concluded that this is a maneuver of the enemy element, which is trying to find and implement new forms of work.
For this purpose, the Party Committee has instructed the secretaries of the basic organizations, k / propagandists, propagandists, lecturers, heads of mass organizations, etc., to raise to a higher degree the revolutionary vigilance in work centers, agricultural cooperatives, neighborhoods, etc..
During the discussion of Comrade Enver’s speech, it turned out that the moral and political situation in the district is sound, but seeing the comments and slogans of the enemy element, the Party Committee has taken the following measures:
- From the basic organizations of the Party and the organizations of the masses, the ideo-political work has been intensified, developing in these places all those who have appropriated the socialist wealth. For this purpose, the propagandists and lecturers are being used better, the delegates of the Party Committee during the discussion of the speech of comrade Enver, helped to clarify the internal and external situation.
- The District Party Committee has recently been better activating staff and lecturers at the district level, conducting a differentiated political work, in some areas of the district, especially in the Laç area.
- In order to expose the hostile propaganda undertaken against our country by the Vatican, the Committee of the District Party, especially in Laç Bilaj and Gurëz, has done a differentiated work, unmasking the hostile propaganda of the clergy, the articles of many of the press, these dogmas and this ideology have been satirized with various sketches and parodies. Even in the future these problems will remain in the center of attention by the Party Committee of grassroots organizations, especially in these areas.
- The work for the development of small verbal agitation has been intensified by the Party Committee and mass organizations. Communists and cadres are conducting a differentiated work, with specific individuals, with groups of employees, in teams and other jobs, to clarify the political situation that our country has.
- In terms of figurative agitation, measures have recently been taken to refresh and renew it. In the city centers as well as in enterprises and agricultural cooperatives and various institutions, slogans are being placed to respond to current tasks on the ideological front.
- The basic party organizations and the presidencies of the mass organizations are working to increase the revolutionary vigilance of the masses. In this regard, efforts are being made to better understand the declassified element. The district party committee will conduct a study on the political composition of the cadre in the districts.
- To place in people with material values honest people with good political attitude, taking measures to leave in time all those who have appropriated socialist wealth. The Party Committee has attracted the attention of the judiciary, because in some lawsuits it has been very lenient in its judgment. For this reason, recidivists have been given the task of giving a severe criminal sentence and the trial of some typical cases to be done in a collective of work, neighborhoods, to draw lessons, mainly for general prevention.
- Measures taken to maintain secrecy
In implementing the decisions of the Government for the preservation of state secret, as well as the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of 1971 on these issues, always bearing in mind that our country builds socialism in conditions of a fierce class war inside and outside the country, the Committee of the Party has paid special attention to the moment to create a more accurate concept of documents and materials that should be considered secret, as well as to preserve them as carefully as possible.
Now in all the basic organizations the party documents are placed in well-secured safes, the same has been done in all the administrations of the enterprises and institutions of the district. The staff offices, in addition to the main safes, have also provided maneuverable metal cassettes, etc.
The Department of Internal Affairs in cooperation with the Executive Committee during the last year and so far, have organized five surveys, during which shortcomings have been found. Characteristic is that from control to control there has been significant improvement and the tasks that have been left have been rigorously implemented. Now in the apparatus of the Party Committee and that of the Executive you no longer find documents desks and shelves, but in the safe. The doors and secretaries of the files, regardless of the floor, are secured with bars. Attention has also been paid to telephone conversations, comrades have been instructed not to engage in secret dialogues, and so has correspondence.
- Measures taken to strengthen the border regime
Our district has a small border stock exchange sector, in the area of Patog, in two villages. In this area, border units have taken measures to maintain and enforce the rules of the border regime. The Party and the government in the district, in consultation with the comrades of the Internal Branch, studied the personnel of the fisheries sector. Rules have also been set based on the laws in force, for the movement and circulation of fishing boats, areas and boundaries have been set, as well as where and how the fishing will take place.
In this area we did not have any concerns on the contrary, the fishing workers have increased vigilance, so that in one case, when in May of this year 3 young people went from the city of Laç to steal, they were caught by workers at the moment they broke warehouse and handed over to the People’s Police. Also, care has been taken during the summer season at the beach. The cruise boats have been under constant control, which have been assigned the place, time and distance of the cruise./Memorie.al
SECRETARY OF THE DISTRICT PARTY COMMITTEE