Memorie.al publishes for the first time the sensational archival documents with the “black file” of the Albanian-Chinese relations of the early 60’s, where the Albanian ambassador Reiz Malile has regularly informed the Central Committee of the ALP and personally Enver Hoxha , Hysni Kapon, etc., regarding the immoral and animalistic behavior of dozens of Albanian soldiers, trainees and specialists who were in different cities and provinces of China, who committed acts of rape by forcibly capturing and raping Chinese girls, wherever they were , in fields, factories, construction sites, buses, dancing evenings, etc. And when the Albanian side wanted to prosecute them, the Chinese side did not agree and demanded that they “make deep self-criticism and be educated through work”. “?!
After the breakdown of Tirana’s official relations with the Kremlin at the end of 1961 and the beginning of ’62, when Moscow and Khrushchev withdrew all the staff of its embassy from the Albanian capital, Enver Hoxha and the communist regime of Tirana were released “into the lap By Mao Zedong, forming a strong alliance with the great Asian communist country with which they had been “flirting” since the early 1950s, when President Mao consolidated his power. So from the early ’60s until the mid-’70s when Enver Hoxha would start cooling off with the “Chinese brothers” after Richard Nixon’s visit to China, for more than two decades , Official Beijing would be one of the main supporters of communist Albania, not only in the political aspect, but also in the economic and military one, granting to the small and poor Balkan country, several tens of millions of dollars of aid and loans, where most of of them were free or long-term repayment….!
Thus, in those two decades, the Albanian government based all its five-year plans only on the aid and loans provided by the Chinese government (where the military ones were all free) and in this context, in addition to the military industry such as: Artillery Plant in Tirana, the Armament Combine in Poliçan of Skrapart, the military airports of Gjadri and Kuçova, the naval military bases of Porto-Palermo, Shengjin, etc., in those years were built and put into use almost all industrial works in Albania, such as: Plant of Oil and Gas in Ballsh, Vau i Dejës, Fierza and Koman Hydropower Plants, Laçi Chemical Metallurgical Plant, Albanian Radio-Television, Paper Factory in Lezha, Teli Plant in Shkodra, etc. etc. Small plants and factories in it all of Albania, in which Chinese specialists and engineers worked with the utmost dedication and correctness. Likewise, for the commissioning of these large industrial works where all the progress of the Albanian economy was based, the People’s Republic of China undertook the education and specialization of hundreds of Albanian cadres, civilian and military, in the People’s Republic of China. All these are already known by the generation that lived at that time and they are also reflected in the media and propaganda, such as newspapers, magazines, albums, Albanian Radio-Television, Kinostudio “Shqipëria e Re”, etc. Which culminate with the visits of the Chinese Prime Minister Chu En Lai, to Albania (where all the people are poured into the streets with slogans and flowers in their hands), as well as with a series of visits and meetings of the highest leaders of the Albanian communist leadership in China , starting from Enver Hoxha, Mehmet Shehu, Beqir Balluku, Avdyl Këllezi, Ramiz Alia, Haxhi Lleshi, etc., and onwards to the lowest ranks of the official administration. But all that “unbreakable” and close friendship between the two “sister parties”, which had its epilogue in July 1978, had its darkest side, which not only was kept secret and did not It was never made public in those years, but even when almost 30 years have passed since the fall of the communist regime, it still remains a secret ?! It is about the immoral behavior and attitude of the Albanian military, trainees and specialists, engineering and technical staff who at that time (for two decades), were in the People’s Republic of China, where dozens of them were brought in the most ugly way, raping Chinese girls and women, wherever they were “in the fields, on the construction site, where ‘work’ boiled everywhere,” or in the work and production center, on the bus, in the cow stables, in the evenings, in the dance, in the escorts, etc. there, according to the reports of “Chinese comrades” had become “the horror of the regions…”?!. All these are reflected in detail in dozens of reports and information that the Albanian embassy in Beijing has sent to the Central Committee of the ALP, through Ambassador Reiz Malile and they are seen and signed with the relevant notes by Enver Hoxha himself, Hysni Kapo etc. by the senior leadership of the ALP. In this “black file” of Albanian-Chinese relations, which has the initials “Top secret” and contains a long correspondence with reports-information signed by the Albanian ambassador to Beijing, Reiz Malile, military attaché Elami Hado, director of the Directorate of Foreign Relations in the Central Committee of the ALP, Pirro Bita, etc., has reflected in detail many events where the Albanian military, trainees and specialists have been “released like a wolf in the ear” on Chinese girls and women, venting the lusts of their animals with ugly acts of rape….?! According to the reports in question, “Chinese girls when raped, did not shout, because they did not want the Albanian-Chinese friendship to be broken” and when the Albanian side insisted that those who had committed these ugly acts be prosecuted and brought to justice, “Chinese comrades” did not agree with this severe measure, but insisted that they “make a deep self-criticism and be educated through work”… ?! Regarding this and others from this “black file”, we know the secret archival documents that we are publishing starting from this article, which is not intended at all to show or denigrate the “Albanian forest pigs”, but how a proof of the history of Albanian-Chinese relations, where these events have been and will remain as a black mark in their historical aspect…
FOR THE STUDENT JANI.P. I
Jani P.I. a member of the BRPSH who had been sent as a trainee for specialization in the R.P. of China has behaved very badly there. From the beginning, when he left the plane with his friends, I punched one of my friends. On an excursion to Cun Cin town he stripped naked and bathed in the river. It was during this excursion that he brutally offended some Chinese girls. When summoned by the secretary of the organization for these behaviors he offended him with low words and tried to punch him. He also insulted the leader of the group with brutal words when he called him to advise him. After these, Jani I. had to drown his friend Hajri Zh in the river. He could not do it because the other friends happened to be there.
During the bus trip, he offended every girl he saw from the window, and there were Chinese women on the bus. When they returned from the excursion, he was called by the group leader, the secretary of the org. Party base, deputy secretary of org. of the Party, and the secretary of the org. of Youth, but he did not admit any error. A meeting of the collective was held to consider his case, but he refused to attend. After that call it to the meeting of the org. Party base, but even here he did not admit any mistake and two or three times I tried to leave, telling you that I could not hear you.
For these behaviors org. Party base proposed his return to Albania. These proposals are also approved by the Ministry of Defense Poullore, but that I am suspended by the ambassador, Comrade Reiz Malile, because he was self-critical about his responsibilities, that he will improve and will not repeat the mistakes.
The Ministry of Defense also agreed that he should not return to Albania.
The Administrative Directorate talked about this issue once again with the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Defense left it to the military attaché to decide whether he deserves to return to Albania or stay there.
Since his behavior is very bad and considering the ugly things that are happening there as was the case of Hysen B., let your way be cut for them and since Jani. P. I suffer from…e is not suitable for the specialty that was sent, we propose to return to Albania. The Administrative Directorate is also of the opinion to return to Albania.
Return by steamer
At its meeting on March 3, 1962, the basic organization of the Party of cadets and military in the city of Cun Cin, considered the immoral behavior and the vile act of Hysni. H.B. and decided to expel him from the Party. For this, a draft decision was submitted to the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the ALP.
But in this meeting org. Party base also examined the immoral behavior of Hajdar D.Sh. And he decided to propose his return to Albania.
Hajdar Sh. has had immoral behavior, chased Chinese girls from behind, asked them to date, and although they refused, he continued to ask to date her using pressure and deception and thus a the girl has gone to the meeting several times, or caught her on the street and taken her for walks for bad intentions. He once took the ring from this girl and told her that he would give it to her again if she came to meet him. At the meeting he promised her that he would take her to Albania and gave her the ring only after she agreed for him to kiss her and kissed her. In another meeting, this girl wanted to forcefully disrespect her (she also took out her condom), but she could not after she left. When he returned to the factory, he kissed her hard and then, in order to lie to her and submit to her, he fell to his knees crying. He also gave her a handkerchief and a bar of soap, though she refused to accept it.
Another Chinese girl dancing one evening offers his face next to her face and even though she was trying to get away, ay hugged her tightly in the middle. At the end of the evening, he followed her on the street, asked her to leave a meeting but she refused, kissed her hand twice and flattered her. The same girl another evening got her dancing again the same way as the first time and when she tried to leave, he kicked her. Another girl did the same. Once when I met the girl we mentioned above and saw that she was talking to other Albanians, she told him that they are bad and that they have 4-5 girls and do not talk to them. All this is confirmed by the statement issued by two girls.
For his immoral behavior, Hajdar Sh. has been criticized by the person in charge and the secretary of the org, the base of the Party, but he lied and did not accept them. Only when they were proven did he admit his mistakes and made a statement demanding that his case be closed with a self-criticism.
Embassy and R.P. of Albania did not approve the decision of the basic organization of the Party for his return to Albania, arguing that after it was verified on the spot by the military attaché Elami Hado, it turns out that Hajdar Sh. He did not commit acts of immorality and for his incorrect gestures he severely criticized and warned him.
We propose that Hajdar Sh. To return immediately to Albania because his behavior is immoral, bad and low, and that he did not commit acts of immorality just because he could not do it, using force, pressure and deception.
For the behaviors of Hysen B. and Hajdar Sh. The Chinese comrades of the Plant have called the head of the group and pointed them out emphasizing that these things have aroused terror in the people of the region.
Also, in this meeting, the organization decided that Fiqri. T. to be severely reprimanded in front of the collective because he was aware of the vicious behavior of Hysni B. and not only did not denounce him, but even when questioned, he did not tell.
Only when he was called for the fourth time and when he proved that he had knowledge, I tell. For this we propose that a serious reprimand (with a note in the documents) be removed from the Ministry of National Defense.
31.3.1962 DIRECTOR OF THE FOREIGN DIRECTORATE
ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY TIRANA ON 27/4/1962
ON SOME FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF STUDENTS AND MILITARY STUDYING IN THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
In the People’s Republic of China, we have 64 communists, cadets and military who are part of 4 basic ALP organizations and two youth-party groups. From the meetings of these basic organizations of the Party so far, we have received 11 protocols. From these protocols, it turns out that so far in the life, attitudes and behaviors of the military and trainees there are many foreign behaviors harmful and weaknesses in the work of the basic organizations of the Party. Foreign performances are in these directions:
- In the immoral attitudes and behavior of some trainees and the military to ugly acts such as the case of the party member, soldier Hysni B. who by deception and force dishonors a Chinese girl, or Hajdar Sh, who in the same way like Hysni B, tried to dishonor a Chinese girl, as well as bad behavior with Chinese girls, contrary to the customs of the country, of some others like Kristaq P. etc.
- Unfair attitudes at work and breach of discipline raising the problem that in Albania we have been lied to about the specialty. Thus, the member of the Party, Rexhep H. did not go to work for several days because he did not accept the specialty, they had assigned to him and considered that they had reduced his authority by appointing him as a worker and not a technician. Ndoni Gj. He refused to work in metalwork. Party member Kostandin B. agrees to work in the laboratory but not in the training ground, saying he cannot do it.
- Party member Theodhoraq S. says that if I had known about this specialty, I would not have come here at all.
- Dissatisfaction regarding the food and payment there of their families in Albania and raising these problems in a crooked way. Thus e.g. Party member Kostandin B. who gets up in the middle in front of 35 people and alarms about food and tells others that you can eat this, but I do not eat it, or another who says, or gives me another dish, or I do not play from the place. The members of the Party, Theodhori S. and Pandeli M. in a crooked way among the whole collective raise the issue of payments, accuse the person responsible and make soft demands, etc., or the officers who are in Guo-Mi, on the issue of payments i made a letter to the military attaché with very low content and in the form of protest.
- Bad behavior with the Chinese team and friends, such as Jani I. who misbehaves with Chinese friends.
- The member of the Party, Ramadan Sh. who is busy with friends and has offended a Chinese doctor. Party member Hiqmet L. misbehaves with friends and Party member Hamit R. is busy…/Memorie.al
Part II follows