1911 – Gustav Mahler, 51, dies. Mahler, was an Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the Austro-German tradition of the 19th century and the modernization of the early twentieth century. In 2016, a study by the BBC Music Magazine ranked three of his symphonies in the top ten of all time.
1933 – Bernadette Chirac is born in Paris. Chirac, is a French politician and the widow of former President Jacques Chirac. Since 2001, Bernadette has been the patron of the Pieces Jaunes (yellow coins), a charity that helps children in French hospitals collect small donations. On September 3, 2007, she became president of the Claude-Pompidou Foundation (Claude Pompidou Foundation), after the death of Claude Pompidou, a former First Lady of France.
1944 – Mass extermination of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet government officially begins. The expulsion of the Crimean Tatars was the ethnic cleansing of at least 200,000 Tatars on May 18-20, 1944 by the Stalinist regime, specifically Lavrentiy Beria, the head of Soviet state security and secret police, acting on behalf of Joseph Stalin. They were interned in Central Asia and Siberia.
1953 – Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier. Cochran set a new record at 100 km / h in 1,050.15 km / h. Later, on June 3, she set a new 15 km closed-circuit record of 1078 km per hour. She was encouraged by then-major Chuck Yeager, another speed champion, with whom Cochran shared an eternal friendship.
1965 – Israeli intelligence agent Eli Cohen is hanged in Damascus, Syria. He is best known for his espionage work in Syria in 1961–65, where he developed close ties to the Syrian political and military hierarchy, and became a key adviser to the Minister of Defense. The Syrian counterintelligence eventually uncovered the spy plot and convicted Cohen under martial law before the war, sentencing him to death.
1974 – India successfully launches its first nuclear weapon under the Smiling Buddha project, making it the sixth-largest weapon in the world. The bomber struck shortly afternoon in front of a Pokhran army base in Rajasthan, controlled by the Indian Army. Pokhran-I was also the first test of nuclear weapons by a nation outside the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.
1980 – St. Helens erupts in Washington, DC, killing 57 people and causing $ 3 billion in damage. The eruption, which had a volcanic eruption index of 5 lbs., Was the most significant to occur in 50 U.S. contingent states since the much smaller 1915 eruption of Lassen Peak, California. This volcano also created significant tremors.