1890 – Born in Rexhin i Kurvelesh i Sipërm Sali Nivica, Albanian publicist, decorated after his death Honor of the Nation. He also became a member of the “Kosovo National Defense” Committee, and the temporary one he published and ran became the committee’s press body, giving voice to ethnic Albanian unity, the national cause, and the liberation of Kosovo from Serbs. He was killed in Shkodra by Kole Ashiku, suspected as an agent of the Italians, but according to his statement, before he was shot, Nivica had fallen on his neck. After two shots, Nivica returned fire, but Ashiku managed to enter the Italian consulate; Nivica died at the city hospital. The name of the patriot Sali Nivica is kept by some educational institutions such as the general gymnasium of Memaliaj, and by some patriotic associations. Several streets in Albania and Kosovo, such as Tirana, Durres, Shkodra and Pristina, also bear his name.
1916 – Born in Gjakova, Fadil Hoxha, teacher, officer in the Second World War, major general in the LNC. During World War II he served as a shirt officer. In 1941 he returned to Kosovo as a teacher, to later become one of the initiators of the National Liberation Movement. After returning to Kosovo, he joined the partisan resistance against the Italian fascist occupation and in 1943 he was appointed commander of the partisan detachment “Emin Duraku”, which at that time operated in the territory of Kosovo. After the ´81 Demonstrations, he was attacked by the communists and state officials of the Socialist Republic of Serbia who later incited the Balkan war of the ´90. From the mid-80s he retired from political and public life. In addition to his political life, he also began writing shortly after World War II. He published his well-known diary, entitled “When Spring is Delayed” which was a masterpiece in the 70s, and a few years later it was adapted for the feature film,’s my name, by the Kosovar director Ekrem Kryeziu.
1921 – Born in Korça Guri Madhi, Albanian painter. In 1976 he received the highest artistic title of People’s Painter. During the war years (December 1939 – May 4, 1942 he was enlisted in the Italian army, in the Tarabosh battalion. After returning from military service in Korça, he continues to work and at the same time help the anti-fascist movement. After the war he started working as a painter at home of culture and later as an assistant-scenographer at the Korça Theater, where one of the most famous Albanian painters of that period, Vangjush Mio, worked as a scenographer. He completed his higher painting studies in the Soviet Union. of Arts in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) where he received his Diploma in 1956 and completed his higher education with excellent results, then he would return to Albania, where he would take the post of inspector at the Ministry of Culture in Tirana. is one of the three professors who founded the Higher Institute of Fine Arts (today the Academy of Arts) in Albania.The year 1966 would be characterized by the fight against bureaucracy, as a result of which Guri Madhi was sent to the Grehot garrison in Gjirokastra, where he was expelled from the ALP in 1967.
1937 – Count Philip Snowden dies at the age of 72. Snowden was a British politician. A strong speaker, he became known in trade unions for his denunciation of capitalism as unethical and his promise of a socialist utopia. He was the first Chancellor of the Exchequer of Labor, a position he held in 1924 and again between 1929 and 1931. He was succeeded as chancellor by Neville Chamberlain.
1945 – The Battle of Poljana takes place at the end of World War II. This was the last duel in Europe between Yugoslav partisan forces backed by allies and German troops near Prevalje, Slovenia. Nearly 500 people from both sides would die during this battle. This happened after Nazi Germany officially surrendered to the Allies on May 8 of that year.
1957 – Britain tests the first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple on the Pacific island of Malden. Operation Grapple was the name of four series of British nuclear weapons tests of early atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs carried out in 1957 and 1958 on Malden Island and Kritrimati (Christmas Island) as part of the British hydrogen bomb program.
1970 – Frank and Ronald de Boer are born in Hoorn. Frank and Ronald de Boer are two former Dutch footballers who have made their debut with Ajax, Barcelona and the Dutch national team over the years. Frank de Boer has played the role of defender, while his brother Roland, that of the striker. The de Boer brothers are considered to be two of the most famous Dutch players of all time.
1997 – The United States government acknowledges the existence of the “Secret War” in Laos and dedicates a Memorial to Hmong and other veterans of the “Secret War”. The Laotian Civil War was a civil war, fought between Communist Pathet Lao (including many North Vietnamese of Lao descent) and the Royal Lao Government from May 23, 1959, to December 2, 1975. The latter was aided by the CIA.
2010 – Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop, and unaccompanied worldwide. She returned to Sydney on May 15, 2010, three days before her 17th birthday, although the trip was eventually shorter than the 22,000 nautical miles needed to be considered in a global roundabout. In recognition of her accomplishments, Watson was named the New Australian of the Year 2011, and the following year was awarded an Australian Order Medal.