1931 – Gandhi-Irwin pact signed. The ‘Gandhi-Irwin Pact’ was a political agreement signed by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Lord Irvine, India’s then successor, on March 5, 1931, ahead of the second roundtable conference in London. The second roundtable conference was held from September to December 1931 in London.
1943 – Born in Poggio Bustone, Lucio Battisti. Battisti was an influential Italian composer. He is widely known for the songs that defined the late 1960s and 1970s era of Italian songwriting. One of the greatest singers and musicians of all time, he is considered one of the greatest figures in the history of Italian music as a composer and performer of his songs, as well as a composer for other artists.
1953 – dies at the age of 62, Sergey Prokofiev. Prokofiev was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. As the creator of popular masterpieces in numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the leading composers of the 20th century. His works include such widely heard pieces as March from The Love for Three Oranges, suite Lieutenant Kije, ballet Romeo and Juliet.
1960 – Indonesian President Sukarno overthrows Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR), 1955 democratically elected parliament and replaces DPR-GR, the parliament of its elected members. The People’s Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia, alternatively translated as the House of Representatives or as the House of Representatives, is one of the two elected national legislative assemblies in Indonesia.
1974 – During the Yom Kippur War, Israeli forces withdraw from the west coast of the Suez Canal. The conflict in Yom Kippur, also known as the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, was a campaign by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel. The war was fought mainly in the Israeli-occupied Sinai and Golan Heights during the 1967 Six-Day War with some fighting in Egypt and northern Israel.
1979 – Soviet probes Venera 11, Venera 12, and the German-American solar satellite Helios II are hit by “off-scale” gamma rays leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters. In gamma-ray astronomy, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are extremely energetic eruptions that have been observed in distant galaxies. They are the brightest electromagnetic events known to occur in the universe.
1981 – The ZX81, a pioneering British home computer, is launched by Sinclair Research and will sell over 1.5 million units worldwide. This computer was created in the UK in March 1981 as the successor to Sinclair’s ZX80 and designed to be a low-cost home computing entry for the general public. The ZX81 was designed to be small, simple, inexpensive, with buttons.