1944 – Albanian writer and mathematician Fatos Kongoli was born in Elbasan. Kongoli studied mathematics, partly in Beijing, partly in Tirana, where he graduated in 1967. He worked for a long time as a literary journalist and editor at the “Naim Frashëri” Publishing House. He is the author of a number of books. Congolese books have been published in several parts of the world. He is the winner of the international award “Balkanika”. He is also the winner of the highest literary award in Albania “Golden Pen” (2004). The Albanian Publishers Association has awarded him the “Writer of the Year” award for 2006, while the novel “Dog Skin”, translated into German, was announced the book of June 2006 in Germany. In 2016 he was announced “Best Writer of the Year” by the Cultural Foundation “Harpa”. The novel “Little Liars” announced him as the Author of 2019 at two international book fairs, in Fier and in Prishtina.
1945 – During World War II, the Soviet Red Army launches an attack on Vistula-Oder. The attack on Vistula-Oder was a successful Red Army operation on the Eastern Front. During this offensive, the cities of Krakow Warsaw and Poznan were taken. In this military campaign, nearly 300,000 Soviet troops were killed and over 100,000 Germans killed.
1949 – Born in Kyoto, Haruki Murakami. Murakami, is a Japanese writer. His books and stories have been bestsellers in Japan as well as internationally. His works have been translated into 50 languages, and selling millions of copies outside his native country. He has received numerous awards such as the World Fantasy Award, the Frank O’Connor International Short Story Award, the Franz Kafka Prize, and the Jerusalem Prize.
1964 – The rebels in Zanzibar launch a revolt known as the Zanzibar Revolution, and proclaim the Republic in this country. The revolution, which took place in 1964, led to the overthrow of the Sultan of Zanzibar and his predominantly Arab government by local African revolutionaries. Zanzibar was an ethnically diverse state, which was granted independence from Britain in 1963.
1971 – Harrisburg six’s, Philip Berrigan and five other activists are charged with conspiracy to kidnap Henry Kissinger and attempted to blow up federal building heating tunnels in Washington, D.C. The group was prosecuted for alleged criminal plots during the Vietnam War. All of them were nuns and Catholic priests.
1976 – Died at the age of 85, Agatha Christie. Christie, was an English writer. She is known for her 66 detective novels and 14 collections of short stories, most notably her protagonist Hercules Poirot and Miss Marple. Christie also wrote the world’s longest-running novel, a murder mystery, The Mousetrap.
1990 – A seven-day pogrom erupts against the Armenian civilian population in Baku, Azerbaijan. During this ethnic cleansing, Armenians were tortured, killed, and expelled from the city. The Armenian pogrom in Baku was one of the acts of ethnic violence in the context of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict directed against the Armenians of Karabachos to break away from Azerbaijan and join Armenia.
2010 – An earthquake of magnitude 7, magnitude Mercalli, in Haiti kills over 100,000 people and destroys much of the capital Port-au-Prince. The injured and the homeless would be over 200,000. This earthquake would be one of the strongest, and most devastating, not only in this country, but throughout the Western Hemisphere. The economic damage caused by the earthquake was $ 8.5 billion.