1863 – The Metropolitan Railway, which is at the same time the world’s oldest underground railway, opens between Paddington and Farringdon. The subway station also marks the start of London Underground. The British capital, London, is known worldwide for its oldest and most sophisticated subway system across the continent.
1913 – Mehmet Shehu was born in Çorrush of Mallakastra, he was part of the international brigades in the Spanish War, commander of the 1st Assault Brigade, min. Minister of Interior, Minister of Defense and Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Albania. Shehu is included in the list compiled by the Institute for the Study of the Crimes and Consequences of Communism, which summarizes the participants who have direct responsibility for the crimes of the Albanian Communist Party and the National Liberation Army, being, according to law no. 41, members of political and military structures “who inspired, organized, ordered, executed or assisted partisan forces in criminal acts” From 1948 to 1981 he was a member of the Politburo. He spoke 5 foreign languages: English, French, Italian, Spanish and Russian. The official version of the time shows that he committed suicide in Tirana on December 18, 1981. The circumstances of the event of Mehmet Shehu’s death raise the suspicion that he may have been killed, according to an article on Llambi Ziçishti, a member of the team of doctors who went to the former prime minister’s house to confirm the causes of death.
1920 – Sali Nivica, Albanian publicist, posthumously decorated with the Honor of the Nation, dies. He also became a member of the “National Defense of Kosovo” Committee, and the temporary publication and director became the committee’s press organ, giving voice to Albanian ethnic unity, the national issue and the liberation of Kosovo from the Serbs. He was killed in Shkodër by Kolë Ashiku, suspected of being an agent of the Italians, but according to his statement, Nivica had fallen on his neck before he was shot. After two shots, Nivica returned fire, but Ashiku managed to enter the Italian consulate; Nivica died in the city hospital. The name of the patriot Sali Nivica is held by several educational institutions such as the general gymnasium of Memaliaj, and by several patriotic associations. Several streets in Albania and Kosovo also bear his name, such as in Tirana, Durrës, Shkodër and Pristina.
1949 – Born in Texas, George Foreman. Foreman, is a former professional American boxer who raced between 1969 and 1997. Nicknamed “Big George”, he has been declared a two-time world heavyweight champion and won an Olympic gold medal. Outside of boxing, he also serves as an economist and business entrepreneur.
1966 – Signed, Tashkent Declaration, a peace agreement between India and Pakistan that resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace was reached on September 23 with the intervention of outside powers that pushed both nations to cease fire, fearing that the conflict could escalate and draw on other powers.
1985 – Sandinistas Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism in alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba. As a counterbalance, US foreign policy continued to support the Contras forces in their revolt against the government of Managua. The civil war in this country would end with the end of the Cold War.
1990 – Time Warner is formed by the merger of Time Inc and Warner Communications. Warner Media, LLC is a multimedia media conglomerate owned by AT&T and based in New York. The company was ranked No. 98 on the Fortune 500 list of the largest corporations in the United States by total revenue.
2015 – Died at the age of 92, in Rome Francesco Rosi. Rossi, was an Italian film director. His film The Mattei Affair won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1972. Ross films, especially those from the 1960s and 1970s, often seemed to have political messages. As the themes for his later films became less politically oriented and more sympathetic to literature.