1941 – The 37-year-old pilot, Amy Johnson, the first woman to fly from London to Australia alone, disappears after falling from her plane over the River Thames, and was pronounced dead. Johnson flew alone, or with her husband, Jim Mollison. She set many long-distance records during the 1930s. Amy Johnson, flew in World War II as part of Air Transport Aid. Its disappearance over the River Thames remains a mystery to this day.
1950 – In the Sverdlovsk air disaster, all 20 members of the aircraft remain killed, including nearly the entire Soviet National Air Hockey Team (VVS Moscow), 11 players, one team doctor and one masseur. Due to the poor weather in Chelyabinsk, the flight was diverted to Sverdlovsk. Crews tried to divert, but as they approached Sverdlovsk’s Koltsovo Airport, the plane crashed near the airport in a heavy snowstorm accompanied by high winds.
1953 – Born in Queens, New York, George Tenet. Tenet, is a former Director of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). He served as the longest-running director of the CIA in the post from 1996 to 2004. George Tenet comes from a family originally from the south of Albania, and specifically from the village of Qeparo in Himara province. Tenet, during the CIA’s run, faced a number of major problems, such as the 1997 revolts in Albania, the war in Kosovo, the September 11 terrorist attacks in the US, and the liberation of Afghanistan and Iraq.
1970 – A magnitude 7.1 earthquake of extreme magnitude Mercalli shakes the city of Tonghai in China. As a result, about 15,000 people were killed, and over 25,000 were injured or left homeless. This would be one of the strongest earthquakes ever to occur in this country after that of 1976, which would be recorded as the strongest and deadliest. China, after Japan, is the country most affected by seismic shocks on the Asian continent.
1974 – The most reliable warm temperature measured within the Antarctic Circle of +59 degrees F (+15 degrees C) is recorded at Vanda Station. Vanda Station was an Antarctic research base in the Ross Highlands’ western highlands (Victoria Land), specifically on the shore of Lake Vanda, at the mouth of the Onyx River. This warm temperature will remain the highest climate record ever recorded in the cold Antarctic continent. Vandas station was the only one that could record such climatic records in this country.
1991 – Georgian military forces enter Tskhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, in Georgia, thus officially opening the South Ossetian War in 1991–92. In this regional conflict, Georgian military and police forces were involved, on the one hand, and Ossetian separatist rebels, on the other. The war ended with a Russian-brokered ceasefire, signed on June 24, 1992, which put together a joint peacekeeping force and left South Ossetia divided between rival authorities.
2005 – Eris, the smallest and most known planet in our Solar System, was discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally made on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory. Eris’s mass is about 0.27 percent of Earth’s mass, and about 27 percent more than Pluto’s small planet, though Pluto is slightly larger in volume. In September 2006 this planet was named Eris, according to the Greek goddess of strife and strife.
2014 – Died at age 71, Eusebio. Eusebio, was a Portuguese footballer who played as a striker. He is regarded by many as one of the greatest footballers of all time. Nicknamed the Black Panther, he was known for his speed, technique, athleticism and his ferocious right foot goal, making him a goal scorer. He is considered the best known player of the Portuguese national team, and of Benfica, a world-class footballer of African descent. During his professional career, he scored 733 goals in 745 games.