1909 – Kinemacolor, the first successful process of color motion pictures, first appears to the general public at the Palace Theater in London. It was invented by George Albert Smith in 1906. Smith was influenced by the work of William Norman Lascelles Davidson and, more directly, by Edward Raymond Turner. Kinemacolor was the first successful process of color motion pictures, used commercially from 1908-1914.
1936 – Born in Prishtina Adem Demaçi was an activist of the national cause and an Albanian writer from Kosovo. In 2010 he received the title of Hero of Kosovo. He was imprisoned for the third time on October 6, 1975 in a politically motivated trial and was sentenced again to 15 (fifteen) years in prison, which he will serve in the infamous Stara Gradiska prison. On April 21, 1990, by order of the State Presidency of the former Yugoslavia, he was released five and a half months before serving his full sentence. His words after his release from prison are proverbial: Since April 21 of this year I am in the largest prison in the world known to the history of mankind – in the prison of Kosovo, where more than two million Albanians from the hegemonic-chauvinist regime- terrorists are deprived of all the most basic human and national freedoms and rights. As the most staunch fighter for freedom of thought, as the most persistent defender of freedoms and human rights, the European Parliament, on December 4, 1991, awarded him the Sakharov Prize. It should be noted that this award has been received so far: Sakharov, after whom he bears, Dubcek, Nelson Mandela, Marchenko, Aung Sun, some of whom (Mandela, Aung Su) later became Nobel Prize winners . On this occasion, in the European Parliament, Demaçi said that by honoring me, you have honored my long-suffering people, but always freedom-loving, peace-loving and proud.
1936 – In the Feb. 26 incident, young Japanese military officers try to launch a coup against the government. It was organized by a new group of officers aimed at clearing the government and military leadership of their rivals and ideological opponents. Although the rebels succeeded in invading Tokyo’s government center, they failed to assassinate Prime Minister Keisuke Okada or secure control of the Imperial Palace.
1971 – UN Secretary-General U Thant signs the proclamation of the northern equinox as Earth Day. Earth Day is an annual event celebrated worldwide on April 22 to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First celebrated in 1971, it now includes coordinated global events from the Earth Day Network in more than 193 countries around the world.
1983 – Born in Maceio, Pepe. Pepe is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a center back for the Portuguese national team and FC Porto. During his professional career, he played for Marítimo, Porto, Real Madrid and Besiktas with individual and team success with two midfield clubs. He won three league titles, three European Cups and played 335 games for Real Madrid.
1993 – In New York City, a truck bomb parked beneath the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing six people and injuring over a thousand people. The attack was planned by a group of terrorists including Ramzi Yousef, Mahmud Abouhalima, Mohammad Salameh, Nidal A. Ayyad, Abdul Rahman Yasin, and Ahmed Ajaj. They received funding from Khalid Sheikh Mohamed, Yousef’s uncle.
1998 – Died at the age of 90, Theodore Schultz. Schultz was an American economist and chair of the University of Chicago’s Department of Economics. Schultz rose to national prominence after winning the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1979. He analyzed the role of agriculture within the economy, and his work has had enormous implications for industrialization policy, both in developing and developed countries.
2008 – The New York Philharmonic performs in Pyongyang, North Korea. This is the first event of its kind to take place in North Korea. The New York Philharmonic Concert in Pyongyang, North Korea, was an important event in relations between the US and North Korea. The orchestra performed at the Pyongyang Grand Theater, and the entire concert was broadcast on North Korean state television.