1904 – Madame Butterfly premieres, its premiere in Milan’s La Scala. Madame Butterfly, is an opera in three acts (originally two) by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. This opera is a staple of the worldwide operatic repertoire, ranked 6th by Operabase. La Boheme and Puccini’s Tosca rank 3rd and 5th.
1934 – Died at the age of 58, Albert I of Alberti reigns as Belgian Monarch from 1909 to 1934. This was a fortuitous period in the history of Belgium, which included the period of World War I when 90 percent of Belgium was conquered, and ruled by the German Empire. King Albert died in a mountaineering accident in Eastern Belgium, and he was succeeded by his son Leopold III.
1965 – Probe Ranger 8 begins its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the Apollo missions. The Mare Tranquillitatis or “Sea of Tranquility” would become the location of choice for the lunar landing of Apollo 11. The Ranger program was a series of unmanned space missions from the United States in the 1960s, whose aim was to obtain the first near-imagery. of the surface of the Moon.
1979 – Sino-Vietnamese war officially begins. This conflict was a brief border war between the People’s Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in early 1979. China launched an offensive in response to the invasion of Vietnam and the occupation of Cambodia in 1978 that ended the rule of the US. Khmer Rouge supported by Vietnamese.
1980 – The first winter climb of Mount Everest by Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy takes place. They were also the first to make successful winter climbs not only on Mount Everest but also on Kangchenjunga and Lhotse, three of the four highest mountains in the world (K2 remains the only mountain above eight thousand meters that has never climbed in the winter so far). Dozens of climbers have climbed Everest to this day.
1991 – Born in Halifax, Ed Sheeran. Sheeran, is a singer, songwriter, and producer. In early 2011, Sheeran independently released the extended-release, No.5 After signing with Asylum Records, his debut album, was released in September 2011 and topped the UK Album Charts. It featured the hit “The A-Team”. In 2012, Sheeran won the Brit Awards for Best British Male Artist Solo.
1995 – The Cenepas war between Peru and Ecuador ends in a truce mediated by the United Nations. The two nations had signed a border treaty after the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War of 1941, but Ecuador later disagreed with the treaty after it was implemented in the Cenepa and Paquisha areas, and in 1960 it declared the treaty invalid. The conflict left nearly 500 dead.
2008 – Kosovo declares its independence from Serbia. The independence was declared by a unanimous decree in the Kosovo Parliament and was read by Prime Minister Hashim Thaci. Kosovo’s independence, backed by major European and world powers, came after a centuries-long bloody war from Serbian occupation. Today, Kosovo is officially recognized by 115 countries around the world.