1934 – The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats. The civil war in Austria, also known as the February Uprising, is a term sometimes used for several days of clashes between fascist and socialist forces, between 12 and 16 February 1934, in Austria. During this brief conflict, about 1,000 people would be killed. Its next Nazi leader would be Engelbert Dollfuss.
1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Cuban Prime Minister after dictator Fulgencio Batista was ousted on 1 January. Castro would lead Cuba with an iron hand until his death in 2016. The Communist regime would turn the island of Cuba into a poor country, where thousands would flee to the United States for thousands each week. of America. But today some liberal reforms have taken place in this country.
1960 – US Navy submarine USS Triton launches Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circulation of the globe. The journey of this submarine took two months, and it covered 50,000 km of coastline. The route began and ended at St Peter and Paul Rocks in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean near the Equator.
1979 – Born in Urbino, Valentino Rossi. Rossi is a professional Italian motor racing racer and world champion MotoGP. Rossi is widely regarded as one of the most successful motorcycle riders of all time, with nine Grand Prix World Championships to his name, seven of which are first-class. Rossi is also the only motorcycle pilot to have competed in the 400 or more Grands Prix.
1985 – Founded in Beirut, Lebanon, the Hezbollah organization. Hezbollah is a Shiite Islamist political party and a terrorist group. Hezbollah’s paramilitary wing is the Jihad Council, and its political wing is Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc party in the Lebanese parliament. The group, along with its military wing, is considered a terrorist organization by the United States, Israel, Canada, and the Arab League.
2005 – The Kyoto Protocol enters into force after its ratification by Russia. The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty establishing the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) of 1992 that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus of global warming. 192 countries have signed it.
2019 – Died at the age of 77, Bruno Ganz. Ganz was a Swiss actor whose career in German television and film production lasted nearly 60 years. He was known for his collaborations with directors Werner Herzog, Eric Rohmer, Francis Ford Coppola, gaining wide recognition for his roles in The American Friend, Nosferatu the Vampyre, and Hitler’s role in the movie Downfall.