1944 – During the Holocaust, Anne and Margot Frank are sent by Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. They will die of typhus next year, shortly before the end of World War II. The tragedy of the most famous Jewish family of the Netherlands, and all of Western Europe, became known from Anne Frank’s own diary. This diary was discovered, by her father, the only one who survived the extermination in the concentration camps.
1960 – Born in Buenos Aires, one of the greatest footballers of all time, Diego Armando Maradona. Maradona, is widely regarded as one of the most prominent football players of the twentieth century. He was one of two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the Century XX award. Diego Armando Maradona, thanks to his skills would make Argentina, world champions in 1986, and will be remembered for some of the most beautiful dribbles and goals ever made. A premature talent, Maradona was nicknamed “El Pibe de Oro” (“Golden Boy”), a name that accompanied him throughout his career. In Europe he made his debut with the teams of Barcelona and Napoli.
1961 – Italian President Luigi Einaudi dies at the age of 87. Einaudi, was an Italian politician and economist. He served as the second President of Italy between 1948 and 1955. At the end of his seven-year term in 1955 he became Eternal Senator. Einaudi was a member of numerous cultural, economic and university institutions. He was a supporter of the ideal of European Federalism. Also, the research center of the Bank of Italy, the Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), has been named in his honor.
1973 – The famous Bosphorus Bridge is inaugurated in Istanbul. The bridge was completed on October 30, 1973, a day after the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Turkey, and was opened by President Fahri Korutürk and Prime Minister Naim Talu. The cost of the bridge was US $ 200 million. After the opening of the bridge, much was done to be this, the first work between Europe and Asia since the Xerxes stone bridge in 480 p.e.s. Today this bridge is named “Martyrs of July 15”, and connects European Turkey with Asian.
1974 – The Rumble in the Jungle takes place in Zaire, Africa. Jungle Rumble is named after the famous boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman. Held at the 20 May Stadium (now Stade Tata Raphael), they were chosen to fight, undefeated world heavyweight champion George Foreman against challenger Muhammad Ali, the former heavyweight champion. The match had a turnout of 60,000 people. Ali won by knockout, defeating Foreman shortly before the end of the eighth round.
1983 – Argentina’s first free pluralist elections are held after nearly eight years of military dictatorship. The 1983 Argentine general election marked the return of constitutional rule following the dictatorship of the National Reorganization Process, established in 1976. Voters fully elected their president, governors, mayors, and national, provincial, and town legislators; with a share of 85.6%. This election was won by the candidate of the left political spectrum, Raul Alfonsin. Opposite him was Italo Luder of the Justice Party.
1995 – In Quebec, Canada, its citizens vote narrowly in favor of a Canadian province remaining in a second referendum on national sovereignty. The 1995 Quebec independence referendum was the second referendum for voters in the French-speaking Canadian province. The referendum raised the question of whether Quebec should declare national sovereignty and become an independent country, provided it offered a political and economic agreement to Canada. Nearly 5 million eligible voters voted in this popular refer