1941 – During World War II, the Battle of Hong Kong ends, ending with the victory of Japanese troops, beginning with the conquest of the island. The invasion lasted for three years and eight months, until Japan surrendered at the end of World War II. During this battle from the Chinese side there were over 2 thousand killed, while from the Japanese side, over 500.
1962 – The Soviet Union conducts its last nuclear test on the ground, in anticipation of the 1963 Compulsory Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. underground. This year the USSR conducted about 80 nuclear tests in the Semipalatinsk area.
1971 – Born in Ottawa to Justin Trudeau. Trudeau, is a Canadian politician who has served as the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada since 2015 and has been the leader of the Liberal Party since 2013. Trudeau is the second youngest Canadian Prime Minister after Joe Clark. he is also the first to deal with a previous post holder, as Pierre Trudeau’s eldest son.
1977 – Charlie Chaplin dies at the age of 88 in Switzerland. Chaplin, was an English actor, film director and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. He became a worldwide icon through his on-screen personality, “The Tramp”, and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. One of his most prominent roles is that of Adenoid Hynkel- it.
1989 – During the Romanian Revolution, Romanian Communist President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena are sentenced to death and executed after a shortened trial. During the trial, they were charged with crimes against the Romanian people, and were executed, by a firing squad composed of its own soldiers. Their shooting, after the trial, was broadcast live all over the world.
1991 – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as President of the Soviet Union (Union itself, dissolved a day later). At the same time, the popular referendum in Ukraine is coming to an end. Ukraine officially declares independence from the Soviet Union, and is created as a separate state. Gorbachev will be remembered as the historic Russian leader who laid the foundations of political pluralism and the market economy.
2004 – The Cassini orbiter launches the Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005. Cassini-Huygens, involved a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Italian Space Agency, to send an investigation to study the planet Saturn. Including its rings and natural satellites.