1929 – The famous bankruptcy known as Black Thursday occurs on the New York Stock Exchange. It began on October 24 and lasted until October 29, 1929, when stock prices on the New York Stock Exchange plummeted. It was the most devastating stock market crash in U.S. history, given the full extent and duration of its aftermath. The bankruptcy, which followed the collapse of the London Stock Exchange in September, signaled the start of the 12-year Great Depression that affected all industrialized western countries.
1945 – Vidkun Quisling, Prime Minister of Norway, dies at the age of 58 during the Nazi occupation. From 1942-1945 he served as Norway’s leader, running the state administration alongside Nazi Governor Josef Terboven. His collaborating, pro-Nazi government, known as the Quisling regime, was dominated by ministers of his far-right party. The cooperating government participated in the genocide of the Final Settlement against the Jews. With the liberation of Norway, Quisling was arrested, tried, and sentenced to death, because of his policies of close cooperation with the Germans. Today, synonymous with Quisling, it means a puppet government that operates under the orders of the invaders.
1960 – A ballistic missile explodes at Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Soviet Union, killing at least 100 people. Also known as the Nedelin catastrophe, due to the death of Army Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin in this explosion, the model of this R-16 missile, exploded when the engine of the second degree accidentally ignited, killing an unknown number of military personnel and technician working on the preparations. Despite the scale of the disaster, news of the tragedy was kept secret by the official Kremlin until 1990.
1964 – Northern Rhodesia in the southern part of the African continent declares independence from Great Britain. Also known as the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, formed in 1953, it was extremely unpopular with the vast majority of Africans. This is due to the harsh rule of the European population over the colored one. Its formation hastened calls for majority rule. As a result of this pressure, the country became independent in 1964, with the name officially known today as Zambia. The capital of Zambia was declared Lusaka.
1966 – Famous Russian-Israeli billionaire Roman Abramovich is born in Saratov, Russia. Abramovich is the lead owner of the private investment company, Millhouse LLC, and is best known outside Russia as the owner of Chelsea F.C. one of the most successful football clubs in the Premier League. He was the former governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Region from 2000 to 2008. According to Forbes, Abramovich’s net worth was $ 12.9 billion in 2019, making him the richest person in Israel, the 11th richest in Russia and the 120th richest person in the world. Abramovich is also known for his charities and philanthropy not only in Chukotka but beyond.
1990 – For the first time in almost half a century, Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti publicly acknowledges the existence of Operation Gladio before the senate. This covert military operation would begin after World War II in many Western European countries, particularly Italy. Gladio aimed to stop by any means and by any means the spread of communist ideas in these countries. This covert operation would involve the CIA and some European intelligence services in a series of clandestine actions to stop the spread of Soviet influence in Europe and the Mediterranean.
2004 – After nearly 50 unbeaten football games, Arsenal F.C. finally suffers the first defeat. This loss would happen against the Manchester United team in the famous English derby. This record of victories would be classified by football specialists as one of the most difficult to break, especially in the English football championship, the Premier League. Also known as The Invincibles, the Arsenal team in the 2003-2004 season was led by Arsene Wenger, and consisted of players such as Henry, Bergkamp, Viera, etc.