1943 – A conference is held in Cairo, Egypt, where US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese Prime Minister Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan. The Cairo meeting was held at a residence of the US Ambassador to Egypt, Alexander Kirk, near the Pyramids. The Cairo Declaration was issued on November 27, in a radio communiqué on December 1, stating the Allies’ intentions to continue fighting until Japan’s unconditional surrender.
1956 – The 16th Summer Olympics officially open in Melbourne, Australia. These Games were the first to take place in the Southern Hemisphere, Oceania, and the first to be held outside of Europe and North America. Some teams boycotted the Games in protest of the IOC’s refusal to suspend the USSR after their invasion of Hungary. The Soviet Union came out first on the medal table winning more gold medals in particular.
1961 – Alexander Xhuvani dies, was a teacher, textologist, linguist, clerk and minister of the Albanian state. For his work in the field of education he was honored with the title of Teacher of the People. He participated in the Congress of Elbasan and with the opening of the Elbasan Normal, he was a teacher and later director of this school. At this time, he started working on compiling the textbook of Albanian grammar. On March 25, 1910 he collaborated with Lef Nosi in opening the magazine “Tomorri”. Normalja was closed after the punitive expedition of Shefqet Turgut Pasha in the summer of 1910. At this time, Xhuvani left for Cairo where the union was formed with Dr. Mihal Turtullin, inxh. Shiroka and av. Cajupi. Appointed editor of the newspaper “Shkreptima”. The newspaper was closed in 1911 and A. Xhuvani went to Alexandria, where he was appointed secretary of the “Brotherhood” society. He returned to his homeland and was reappointed director in Normale, then he was occasionally in Shkodra during the works of KLSH. In 1918 he is the initiator of the creation of the cultural-literary society “Literary Region of Elbasan”. In the summer of 1920, he was the president of the Educational Congress of Lushnja, which took a series of measures for the organization of national education and decisions for the definition of school terminology. During the years 1920-1922 he worked in the Upper Education Council of the Ministry of Education. Returns director of Normal in the years 1922-1929. In 1929-1933 he went again to the Ministry of Education and after 1933 until 1938 he ran the Normal School of Elbasan. From 1938 to 1940 we find him again in the Ministry of Education as a member of the technical commission, as well as a member of the Institute of Albanian Studies. In 1954, under the auspices of Professor Xhuvani, the “Dictionary of the Albanian Language” was compiled. In 1945 he was elected representative of the people in the Constituent Assembly and then deputy in all legislatures of the People’s Assembly.
1963 – John F. Kennedy, 46, is assassinated. Kennedy, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and most of his work as President was in management. of relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba. He was shot several times with a sniper rifle by Lee Harvey Oswald, who would also kill himself a few hours later. The real reasons for the assassination of President John Kennedy were never revealed.
1975 – Juan Carlos is proclaimed King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco. Juan Carlos, is a member of the Spanish royal family who reigned as King of Spain from November 1975 until his abdication in June 2014. Juan Carlos is the grandson of Alfonso XIII, the last king of Spain before the abolition of the monarchy in 1931 and subsequent proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic. In 2014, Juan Carlos, citing personal reasons, abdicated in favor of his son, who joined the throne as Felipe VI.
1984 – Born in New York to Scarlett Johansson. Johansson, is an American actress. She has been the highest paid actress in the world since 2018 and has made numerous appearances in the Forbes Celebrity 100. Her films have amassed over $ 14.3 billion worldwide, making Johansson the third highest star on the box office. of all time. Johansson, has won numerous awards, including a Tony Award and a British Academy Award.
1995 – Toy Story is released as the first full-length feature film using computer-generated images. Toy Story is an animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and published by Walt Disney Pictures. The directorial debut of the feature film by John Lasseter, made it to, was the first fully animated computer film as well as the first feature film by Pixar. The profits of this film were $ 363 million.
2005 – Angela Merkel is elected the first female chancellor in German history. She served as leader of the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 2000 to 2018. Merkel has been widely described as the de facto leader of the European Union, the most powerful woman in the world, and the “leader of the free world”. She won a full four terms in government in Germany, and to this day is considered one of the most prominent chancellors in the history of this country.