1908 – Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two. Puyi, will also be remembered, as the last official Emperor of China, since in 1911 this state was declared a Republic by Sun Yat Sen. During the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Puyi was placed in the role of puppet leader controlled by Tokyo. For this reason, after the liberation of China from communist forces, the latter, was arrested, and held prisoner, until 1967, the year in which, he would die.
1930 – During the Great Depression, US President Herbert Hoover proposes a $ 150 million program for public works to help create jobs and stimulate the economy. These actions were created collectively to prevent a cycle of deflation and to provide a fiscal stimulus. At the same time, Hoover opposed congressional proposals to provide federal assistance to the unemployed, as he believed such programs were the responsibility of state and local government and philanthropic organizations.
1944 – Ibrahim Rugova was born in Cërrcë, Kosovo. Rugova, was the first President of the Republic, who served from 1992 to 2000 and from 2002 until his death in 2006. He was also a prominent Kosovo Albanian political leader, scholar and writer. He preached peaceful resistance, defending a peaceful resistance to Yugoslav rule and lobbying for US and European support, especially during the Kosovo War. Due to his role in the history of Kosovo, Rugova has been called the “Father of the Nation”.
1954 – The Sino-US Mutual Defense Treaty is signed between the United States and Taiwan in Washington. This was a protection pact between the United States of America and the Republic of China (Taiwan), in force from 1955-1979. This treaty, in essence, prevented the People’s Republic of China from taking over the island of Taiwan. Some of its contents were transferred to the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979.
1957 – United Nations passes Resolution 126. This resolution was adopted on December 2, 1957. It was the last of three resolutions adopted during 1957 to address the dispute between the governments of India and Pakistan over the territories of Jammu. and Kashmir. The war in these two disputed provinces between India, and Pakistan, over the years has caused thousands of lives to be lost, and has provoked a large-scale population exodus.
1971 – The provinces of Abu Dhabi, Ayman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai and Umm al-Quwain form the state of the United Arab Emirates. On December 2, 1971, at the Hospitality Hotel in Dubai, now known as Union House, six of the emirates agreed to enter into a union called the United Arab Emirates. The region of Ras al-Khaimah was reunited later, on January 10, 1972. The UAE is today one of the most prosperous countries not only in the Middle East but also beyond.
1982 – At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart. The artificial heart is a device that replaces the natural one. They are used to overcome the time during the transplant, or to permanently replace the heart in case the heart transplant is impossible. Although other similar inventions preceded it, by the late 1940s, the first artificial heart to be successfully implanted in a human was the Jarvik-7 in 1982, designed by a team including William Johan Kolff and Robert Jarvik.
1993 – Dies in Medellin shot dead by police agent Pablo Escobar. Escobar, was one of Colombia’s biggest drug traffickers, terrorist, and politician who founded and was the sole leader of the Medellin Cartel. Named the “King of Cocaine”, Escobar is the richest criminal in history, having accumulated an estimated net worth of US $ 30 billion at the time of his death. While his drug cartel monopolized the cocaine trade in the United States in the 1980s and 1990s.