1893 – In New Zealand, the government led by Prime Minister Richard Seddon, through the Electoral Act signed by Governor-General David Boyle, established the right of women to vote. New Zealand thus became de jure and de facto, the first country in the world to allow women and girls to exercise their right to vote in parliamentary elections. This was the successful completion of a long and difficult process in this country.
1922 – Famous Czech athlete Emil Zatopek is born in Koprivnice, Moravia. Zatopek would be proclaimed one of the most famous marathon runners in the world after being declared champion in the 5000 and 10,000 m long distances in London 1948 and Helsinki 1952. He would also win the big marathon race in Helsinki 1952. Again, he would be proclaimed champion at the world athletics Brussels 1950 and Bern 1954. In total during his career he would win 7 gold medals 1 silver and 1 bronze.
1943 – Safet Butka dies, was an Albanian professor, publicist and nationalist as an activist of the National Front. During his stay in Austria, he was the organizer of the student association “Albanian Students Association Albania”. He published a collection of selected poetry by Naim Frashëri (“Naim Frashëri, national poet and educator”) and in 1925 a study on the work of Naim Frashëri (“Naim Frashëri an example, a leader and an ideal for the Albanian boyhood”). He returned to Albania in 1928 and was appointed professor at the French Lyceum in Korça. In 1929 he married Khadija Lubonja, with whom he had 4 children. first anti-fascist on the eve of the invasion of the country, on April 4, 1939 looking for weapons and as an Albanian teacher in the Gymnasium of Shkodra on November 28, 1939 and January 30, 1940. For these activities he was arrested, accused of anti-fascist was arrested on 2 February and was interned on the island of Ventotene in Italy by fascist authorities. He killed himself on September 19, 1943 in the tekke of the village of Melçan, staying true to his word
1946 – The Council of Europe is established. This important European institution has its origins in the famous speech of the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich in Switzerland. The Council of Europe would be finally established with headquarters in Strasbourg, France, and to date in its membership operate 47 European countries, including Albania. This institution leads in importance after the European Union.
1948 – Middle East peace envoy Folke Bernardotte is assassinated in Jerusalem, Israel. Bernardotte’s assassination was carried out by the extremist Jewish terrorist organization Lehi. Folke Bernardotte, would be one of the big names around the world for conducting peace negotiations in this troubled region of the globe. After the death of Folke Bernardotte, his successor Ralph Bunche, successfully completed the work done by him through the mediation of the 1949 Armistice Agreement between Israel and Egypt.
1970 – Costas Georgadis, a 22-year-old Greek student, demonstratively burns himself in Matteoti Square in Genoa. Georgadis undertook this act as a result of the oppression of his people by the Junta of Colonels in Greece. He would be part of left-wing student forums in Italy, and his death would sensitize the entire European public to the brutal dictatorship that the Greek nation was going through, from military rule, in the 60s and 70s.
1985 – Famous Italian novelist Italo Calvino dies at the age of 61 in Siena. Calvino would work as a realist writer and novelist. Some of his most notable works are the Our Ancestors trilogy, the Cosmicomics short story collection, and the Invisible Cities novels, and If on a Winter Night a Traveler. After his death, the novels he wrote reached record sales in Italy, the US, Britain, and Australia.
1991 – Otzi, also known as the snow mummy, is discovered in the area between the Italian and Austrian Alps by archaeologists. Otzi would be one of the few natural mummies discovered in the world, by the effect of freezing during the Copper Age in the 31st century BC. The embalmed body from Otzi’s freezer is housed in the Museum of South Tyrol in Bolzano, Italy.