1920 – Born in the village of Gllavicica (Shengjon-Kokaj) near Peja, Mark Krasniqi, professor, academic, politician and Albanian writer from 1961-1981 he was a professor at the University of Pristina, when the anti-Albanian Serbo-Communist government expelled him from the teaching process. He has been several times vice dean and dean of the Faculty of Law and Economics. He was vice-president and president of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Kosovo, first president of the Kosovo Writers’ Association (1970) and chairman of the Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo (1993). He is a member of the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Kosovo and the Academy of Sciences of Albania. He has published more than 20 scientific books, literary, journalistic and textbooks and has translated several novels and poetry collections from Serbian and Slovenian into Albanian. Mark Krasniqi, among others, is the author of the collection of poems for children “Mail order”. the author writes poetry for children and adults, as well as deals with scientific studies in the fields of geography and ethnography.
1921 – Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Granjo is assassinated along with several other politicians in what will be called the “Bloody Night”. During this coup, in addition to the elimination of the Prime Minister, a number of politicians and MPs would be killed, by some officers and soldiers of the Portuguese Armed Forces. Their bodies were transported by truck and dumped in the Lisbon River. This will be one of the bloodiest military operations in the history of this country since its inception. A coup d’état with smaller proportions Portugal tried after 53 years.
1935 – The United Nations imposes harsh economic sanctions on Italy for attacking Ethiopia. During the Italo-Abyssin War, fascist troops commanded by Emilio De Bono openly violated the Geneva Peace Convention, even attacking Abyssinia with chemical weapons. That is why a number of countries around the world have imposed harsh economic sanctions on the government of Benito Mussolini. But fascist Italy, not only successfully coped with this, but went so far as to invade all of Ethiopia by committing great massacres on the population of that country. It was supplied economically and militarily by Nazi Germany.
1937 – British physicist Ernest Rutherford dies in Cambridge at the age of 66. Rutherford, would become known worldwide in 1908, for winning the Nobel Prize in Physics. His contribution in this field was that he discovered the inclusion of chemical elements in radioactive substances. For all his discoveries and inventions, Rutherford would be decorated by the British government, being considered one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century. A number of schools and colleges in Britain and beyond bear his name today.
1950 – During the Korean War, United Nations troops reap significant victory over Pyongyang. After a series of counterattacks, US and other allied forces under the UN flag break North Korean troops inside their border. The Battle of Pyongyang would be considered one of the most important in the fighting campaign on the Korean Peninsula. The fighting would last four days and would cost both sides hundreds of lives.
1954 – Famous footballer and coach Sam Allardyce is born in Dudley, England. He would stand out as a defender with the Bolton and Sunderland teams in the 70s-80s. His career would then culminate as a coach with teams from Newcastle, West Ham, and Everton. Allardyce would also lead the English national team to the 2016 European Championship in France. He is today considered one of the highest paid and most successful coaches in the English Football League, Premier League.
1984 – Polish Catholic priest Jerzy Popieluzsko is assassinated by three agents of the Sluzba Bezpieczenstwa (Polish intelligence service). Popieluzsko’s assassination took place after the latter was widely engaged in the anti-communist Solidarnost movement. He was tortured to death by three Polish Security agents and his body dumped in the frozen waters of the Wistula River, to be found a few days later. His funeral was attended by thousands of people, who turned it into a large demonstration against the regime. All three agents were arrested and convicted of the crime, while Popieluzsko was declared a saint and a martyr of the Polish Catholic Church.
2000 – Mahir Domi dies, Albanian linguist, academic was an Albanian philologist, pedagogue and academic. He started his secondary education at the Normal High School in Elbasan and continued and completed it at the National High School of Korça in 1937. He attended higher studies in classical philology and graduated from the University of Grenoble in France in 1941. In the same year he started working as a teacher. after as director in the Normal of Elbasan. Prof. M. Domi has given an outstanding contribution in the field of education as director of the Normal School of Elbasan and as a director and lecturer at the Faculty of History and Philology of the University of Tirana. He worked diligently and gave his valuable assistance as a teacher and lecturer in drafting new plans and programs of our school as well as with the language and literature books that he drafted for the needs of different pre-university and university levels of the school. In addition to his extensive work in the field of teaching, prof. M. Domi made an outstanding contribution in many fields of albanological knowledge in all Albanian philological and literary sciences. He is honored and appreciated by scholars of Balkanology and Indo-European. In many international and national congresses and conferences where he has participated, he has given his weighty speech on the problems of Albanian, representing Albanian science with dignity. In addition to his extensive scientific work, he has left the memory of a tireless erudite scientist, with a wide horizon, an honest and noble man, who devoted a part of his life, with the kindness and generosity that characterized him. preparing the new generation.
2003 – Mother Teresa is blessed by Pope John Paul II. The most famous missionary in the world of Albanian origin, thus begins the process of happiness from the Vatican after, through witnesses, her three miracles were fully confirmed. She will thus eventually join the ranks of dozens of Christian missionaries who, for their deeds, have been declared saints by the Pope of Rome. Anjeze Gonxhe Bojaxhiu will be the first Albanian clergyman to begin the process of being canonized in the Christian world.
2009 – Dhimitër Xhuvani, Albanian writer, passed away. He studied literature in Tirana and at the Gorky Institute of Literature in Moscow. After medical high school, Dhimitri works in the rural hospitals of Gramsh, Librazhd, Cërrik, Peqin. He left medicine and continued his higher studies at the Faculty of History and Philology in Tirana and then studied at the Gorky Institute in Moscow. In addition to the work of a writer, he also practiced the profession of teacher, journalist, editor, editor, electrician, welder. He is the winner of many literary awards as well as the laureate of the “Republic Award”, his prose has been translated into several languages such as Italian, French, English, Russian, Chinese and Japanese.