1944 – The Tuvan People’s Republic in Mongolia is annexed territorially by the Soviet Union. After the Red Army offensive on the Asian continent, one of the first states to come under Moscow domination was Mongolia. But this annexation of Tuvan would be done before the eyes of the world as a popular referendum. The penetration of Soviet shame on the Soviet-Mongol border would be due to American support given to China by Chang Kai Shek.
1953 – The painter Gazmend Leka was born. In 1978, he completed his studies at the Academy of Arts and a year later began working as an associate in the design and realization of the interior of the museum “Gjergj Kastrioti – Skënderbeu” in Krujë, work which he finished in 1982. For a period of 10- years, 1981-1991, he became the artistic leader of animated films in the “New Albania” cinema studio, working as their director. In 1991, he started working as a lecturer at the Academy of Arts, today the University of Arts.
1954 – Under the terms of the Geneva Peace Conference, France withdraws its troops from Vietnam. Some of the other points that would be discussed were the division of Vietnam into two parts between parallel 17, and the creation of the two capitals Hanoi and Saigon, respectively North and South. The state of Vietnam would be united in 1975 and its capital would remain Hanoi.
1963 – Famous American photographer Dorothea Lange dies at the age of 70 in San Francisco. Lange would graduate from the Academy of Fine Arts in California. She would become famous with the shot fired at a poor American farmer, which has become a symbol of the Economic Crisis period in the 1930s. Other photographs of Dorothea Lange would become popular, such as that of Japanese-American children adhering to the anthem, and that of grandfather and grandson at the Manzanar Center.
1968 – NASA launches the Apollo 7 codenamed space mission. It would be the first successful US space mission before that of Apollo 11 that was sent to the moon. It consisted of three astronauts, Walter Schirra, Donn Eisele, and R Walter. Cunningham. They stayed in orbit for 10 days, 20 hours, 10 minutes, and three seconds. Their spaceship would be called the Apollo CSM-101. After landing they were found by the warship USS Essex.
1972 – A racial uprising erupts aboard the US-led aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off the coast of Vietnam. This revolt took place between white and colored sailors. By that time in the U.S. Navy only 5 percent were colored. Given this discrimination but also other poor conditions, African-American sailors began to clash with the white ones. As a result, 27 sailors of color were arrested and convicted by the military court, while no whites were prosecuted.
1984 – A civilian aircraft of the Soviet airline Aeroflot Flight 3352 crashes while taking off, killing 185 people on board. He had departed from Krasnodar airport to go to Novosibirsk. Another cause of this accident was the old aircraft technology in general in the Soviet Union. This would be one of the worst air disasters to occur within Russia’s borders.
1985 – Famous sprinter Netsa Carter is born in Jamaica. Carter, during his 15-year career, would win 5 gold medals in athletics competitions in Marrakesh 2014, Daegu 2011, Moscow 2013, etc. He would also receive 4 silver and two bronze medals at the international athletics rally. He will be considered one of the best sprinters after Usain Bolt in the 100 and 4×100 m disciplines.
1986 – US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev meet at a bilateral summit in Reykjavik, Iceland. This summit would last two days and would be held at the British consulate building called Hofoi. In this bilateral meeting, Reagan and Gorbachev would discuss extensively the future of the world and the new development of political and economic balances. An agreement on a further ban on nuclear weapons would also be signed.