1927 – Albert Kossel dies at the age of 73. Kossel, was a German biochemist and pioneer in the field of genetics study. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1910 for his contribution to determining the chemical composition of nucleic acids, and of genetic material, within biological cells.
1934 – During Bloody Thursday, police open fire on striking workers in San Francisco. The general strike of the port workers of this city lasted 83 days, and it reached its climax with the death of two workers who were shot by the police. But then their union would manage to resolve the strike by peaceful means.
1948 – Acts of the National Health Service establish the national public health system in the United Kingdom. The National Health Service (NHS) is the umbrella term for the UK publicly funded healthcare system. Since 1948 it has been funded by general taxation.
1962 – Algeria officially declares independence after an eight-year war with France. The Algerian War of Independence began in November 1954 and ended in 1962. Although often fratricidal, it eventually united the Algerians and saw in it the value of independence and the philosophy of anti-colonialism in the national consciousness.
1975 – Born in Buenos Aires, Hernan Crespo. Crespo, is a professional Argentine football coach and former player. He scored over 300 goals in a career spanning 20 years. Internationally, he scored 35 goals and is the fourth top scorer, after Aguero, Batistuta, and, Messi. His teams were Lazio, and Milan.
1987 – Vexhi Buharaja dies, he was an Albanian writer, orientalist, epigraphist and translator from Ottoman and Persian, persecuted during the communist regime. Thanks to him, materials of the National Renaissance of the League of Prizren, as well as classical works of Persian literature can be read in Albanian. When the communists came to power, in November 1944, he worked for a short time in Berat as a clerk in the House of Culture. In 1946 he was imprisoned, accusing him of spreading propaganda against the communist government of Albania. After being released from prison, he was forced to do heavy physical work to survive. He was then hired as a teacher, teaching Russian language in prison. In 1965 he was admitted to the Sector of Medieval History, at the Institute of History in Tirana. Collected, translated into Albanian, transcribed about 250 Ottoman inscriptions. Based on this material, he wrote the study entitled: “Turkish-Arabic inscriptions in our country as historical evidence”, which he read as a paper at the Second Scientific Conference of Albanological Studies, which took place in Tirana, on 12 -18 January 1968. In 1975 in May he was fired from the Institute of History. He passed away in his hometown, Berat, on July 5, 1987, at the age of 67.
1996 – Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. Dolly was cloned by Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut, and colleagues at the Roslin Institute, and the Edinburgh-based biotechnology company PPL Therapeutics. Funding for Dolly cloning was provided by PPL Therapeutics, and the Department of Agriculture.
2006 – North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and one long-range Taepodong-2. The coded rocket, Taepodong-2, reportedly fails, exploding in the air over the Sea of Japan. These missile tests significantly alarmed the international community.