Part thirty eight
Memorie.al/publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (the fund of the former PPSh Central Committee), which belong to the year 1982, where there is a file with relations, reports, instructions, information, letters, minutes of meetings of the Political Bureau, the Secretariat of the Central Committee, etc., regarding the “hostile activity” of the member of the Political Bureau and the Minister of People’s Defense, Kadri Hazbiu, as well as some of his closest collaborators, such as : Feçor Shehu, Mihallaq Ziçishti, Llambi Peçini, Zoi Themeli, etc., who were accused by Enver Hoxha, as “the main collaborators of the police agent Mehmet Shehu”. In the file in question, there is also a document with Kadri Hazbi’s self-criticism, dated September 27, 1982, sent to Enver Hoxha and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, regarding “his poor work at the head of the Ministry of of Internal Affairs and the lack of vigilance, for not detecting hostile groups, all of which the party and Comrade Enver had discovered”. In this document, the former head of the Ministry of the Interior writes: “From the beginning of September, when I was getting my hair cut, a driver who works with the transport lines abroad came to me and told me that, returning from abroad, the drivers they had spoken badly about my fate. I didn’t ask him what he had been told, but I told him to go and report it where it should be. He added in more detail that he had spoken to the companion who stays with me, which I ordered him to report. He told me that he had done this. I don’t know whether I told him about this case or not, friend Hekuran. After a few days when I returned from a 3-4 day service, my family told me for the first time that they are taking us on the phone and so on, in meetings they ask about you, where are you and how are you, because we have heard things not good, as if we have escaped as a family abroad, as if I have been dismissed from my position as Minister of Defense, etc. I told you that anyone who asks about us, you say we are fine and don’t engage in further conversation. I emphasize that these things have spread so much that even one of the workers who serves in my family left without expecting that something is happening with me and my family. All these things, I told my friend Ramiz, together with my opinion that there is not enough fight against these harmful slogans and that they are spreading from Tirana in the first place”. Likewise, the document in question also contains the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity of Kadri Hazbi” from the period after the war when he was in the position of Chief of Army Security, which has brought fierce debates, they all discussed, starting from: Adil Çarçani, Hekuran Isai, Simon Stefani, Manush Muftiu, Rita Marko, Prokop Murra, Photo Çami, Lenka Çuko, Pali Miska, Besnik Bekteshi, Muho Asllani and Llambi Gegprifti. Even the debates and strong tones in that meeting were not absent between Enver Hoxha and Kadri Hazbiu, which continued throughout the meeting, for several sessions. But for more about these, we know the document, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al
Continues from last issue
The document with the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity” of Kadri Hazbi was analyzed
ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY TOP SECRET
OF THE MEETING OF THE POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE PPS CENTRAL COMMITTEE ON OCTOBER 8, 1982
- Discussion on the serious words of friend Kadri Hazbiu
- Approval of the report on transport to the plenum
All members of the Political Bureau are present at the meeting.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MEETING
The meeting was opened and led by the first secretary of the Central Committee of the PPS, Comrade Enver Hoxha.
Discussion on the serious crimes of comrade Kadri Hazbiu.
COMRADE HAJREDIN ÇELIKU: Secondly, according to the first reason here, your inability to direct matters would come out. That’s why you often called those events and denunciations “insignificant”, “small”, “random”, at a time when Comrade Enver, on April 15, 1975, drew attention to these issues and said: “These thousands of small, reprehensible actions that have taken place in various fields are an integral part of the big one which will explode in the blue sky one morning, in case the Party and the People fall asleep”.
I emphasize that in this regard, the sleep of the organs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that you led, and yours in particular, benefited the enemies you had around you, who aroused euphoria with a predetermined purpose than in you: “the situation was healthy”, etc., to reduce revolutionary vigilance as much as possible. The weakness that has hindered the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in detecting hostile activity, as many rightly say, has been the close familiarity and great complacency that they allegedly had after discovering the putschists and saboteurs in Art-Culture , Army, Economy, etc., when it is universally known that those groups were discovered by the Party and Comrade Enver.
As we said, too much complacency causes our people to lose revolutionary vigilance. In terms of familiarity, when it comes to sick familiarity, we all know that Comrade Enver several times, has drawn your attention to the strong demand for account in each other’s work and little control. The enemy has taken advantage of these, as well as some data and other characteristics that are now emerging about these agents, such as the issue of immorality (Feçori, Llambi, Mihallaqi, etc.), to make these his agents.
These shows, if Kadriu did not know and it is a pity that he did not know and did not point out to his subordinates, still this is impermissible and reprehensible, because we are not allowed such political carelessness and naivety, as Stalin says, so that we could not dictate in time the wolves dressed in lamb’s skin. The other enemies who were standing around the chief agent Mehmet Shehu, such as Fiqreti and their sons, who went up and down the world, meeting with different agencies, as well as Feçori, Llambi, Mihallaqi, etc.
You say that you attended or that you yourself participated in some investigative sessions of the coup plotters. But what did you get out of this?! What we are getting today, you couldn’t get it?! Yes, how about this?! Shallow treatment, indolence, or what?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Betrayal.
COMRADE HAJREDIN ÇELIKU: Tell the Party yourself.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Betrayal, yes, not by me.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: How did you say it?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Comrade Enver, this is betrayal, but not by me. It was the others who betrayed me, who had put them in positions not to speak, so my effort was in vain. This is how I judge this matter.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: I mean, you don’t accept the guilt you have?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I manipulated them?! No.
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: What about you, you say yourself, who worked day and night with them?!
COMRADE HAJREDIN ÇELIKU: You said that you were in the investigator, then how did you leave things in the middle?!
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Yes, I worked. Here, let the Hekuran friend say that I worked.
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: Yes, what do you say to me about these things, you yourself know these things better than I do?
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Confirm, Comrade Hekuran that they will all speak.
COMRADE HAJREDIN ÇELIKU: You should tell us this. I think that you should not go there just as a simple listener, but because of the great importance of this matter, you should prepare in such a way that you could better defeat their march. Stalin rightly calls people like you careless and politically blind. But also meek, gullible, and naiv, because such people forget some very important lessons that no one should forget.
Comrade Enver also draws attention to this, and specifically the capitalist-revisionist siege of our country, this siege which constitutes a real danger for our country from which we should not only expect agitation and propaganda to liberalize our political, economic life, social, and military, but also the secret sending of spies, agents, bandits, terrorists, and saboteurs, who often with the Party tessa in their pocket, take it upon themselves to enter the Party and State forums, as well as on the basis , to do every kind of meanness and filth, not stopping even before espionage in the service of enemy states to sabotage and open treason against the motherland.
It is known that bourgeois states send spies, agents, saboteurs, and assassins to each other’s backs, and they enter the institutions and enterprises of others, create their own network there and, if necessary, blow you up background, in order to weaken and destroy their power. Then, how did you work for the discovery and destruction of these spies and agents who came to us?!
The facts show that this preparation was not up to the task given to you by the Party, the people, and Comrade Enver, and you did not even take into account the proverb of the people: “Water sleeps, and we have no sleep”?! And in this case, the main enemies are American imperialism and Soviet social imperialism, and they relied on their three nests, the Yugoslav, Italian, and Greek discovery, neighboring our country.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: Why don’t you read this whole long tirade to us?!
COMRADE HAJREDIN ÇELIKU: (He repeats this part once more). In conclusion, I say that you, who worked in the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, were given the heads of the conspirators who, of course, had their main head, but also their hands and feet in the Party bodies and State and base. In this respect with all the order and assistance given, I think you could not organize either their discovery or their destruction.
As a result, everything turned around so quickly that their main boss (the conspirators) lost patience and asked the main boss (Mehmet Shehu) and his main associates to act, thus risking tolerance and naivety yours and the life of the main Leader of our Party, and all the victories of the Albanian people’s socialism, the freedom and independence of the homeland. Therefore, you have a very heavy responsibility that you did not detect these enemies according to the functional tasks that were assigned to you.
COMRADE HEKURAN ISAI: He only gave the ability to lack organization.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: No, he couldn’t explain it, but we haven’t slept. As far as we know, we fought, Comrade Hajredin.
COMRADE HAJREDIN ÇELIKU: I also think that in terms of the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of our country, with that of the Soviets and other revisionist countries, regardless of how they started, they expanded and you should have well informed friend Enver, even you could, but you should have made any suggestion or proposal to him, despite the fact that on the state road, you were aware of the enemies Beqir Balluku and Mehmet Shehu.
And a little more about some issues that, as you say, made a special impression. You should have come up with proposals to Comrade Enver, how and when these relations could be further improved, in favor of our country, even more so when Khrushchev’s work with Tito came to light, when the former went to the latter for visit to Yugoslavia. Having unfair and unequal relations with the Soviets, for cooperation in various fields of the Ministry of the Interior, I think that even so, the state interests of our country have been damaged a lot because they have taken from us secrets that are not they had to get it, even legally.
All these blames and responsibilities fall on you. Despite the fact that you, as a minister in the state, had connections with the enemies Mehmet Shehu and Beqir Balluku, as a member of the Political Bureau, as you yourself point out, you had the opportunity to inform Comrade Enver from whom, of course, you would have been helped more to put enough points on the i’s to reveal the hostile activity of these camouflaged agents. But you did not do this even then in 1975, because your responsibility would have come to light.
According to the question I asked, I suspect that by giving the Soviets official materials but not approved by the Politburo, after a while they might have compromised you, and asked you for other important documents that would seriously damage their interests of the Party and the People, turning the State Security into a branch of the KGB. Regarding the problem that Comrade Prokop, at the Peza rally, presented you as a member of the Politburo and not as the Minister of Defense, I think you had no reason to worry so much because this shows your arrogance, which was also shown with the insulting words you addressed to Comrade Prokop.
For all these faults and mistakes, we cannot forgive you, as Comrade Enver said, because these are not small mistakes of yours, but very serious ones. Therefore, I agree with Comrade Simon’s proposal that you be expelled from the Political Bureau and the Central Committee of the Party, simultaneously, and dismissed from the post of Minister of People’s Defense.
COMRADE BESNIK BEKTESHI: I think that the material sent by Comrade Kadri cannot be called self-criticism, but a cursory response with implications and pressures of the events that we read in these materials. I think that the purpose of his self-criticism should have been to analyze the mistakes made, where they have their political and ideological source, since they are political-ideological mistakes.
In self-criticism, the pronounced spirit of conceit and excessive confidence in oneself is noticeable. When conclusions of wrongdoing are drawn, I think that every hostile activity, big or small, has been repeatedly discovered by the Party. In the self-criticism and even more so in the conclusions, the Political Bureau needs to find out why, why these mistakes were made and not for such conclusions, according to which the State Security bodies have worked poorly, as stated in the self-criticism.
But who led these bodies, and what responsibility do you hold as the main leader, friend Kadri?! How is it possible for us to be convinced with that self-criticism that the mistakes were unconscious and from an improper training that was done to you?! We know you for this formation, so what do you mean by this, that you were a victim of the conspiracy?! I am a victim of the conspiracy, you say, and I have nothing to do with hostile activity. With such self-criticism, can we believe what you say?!
I understand that in the first years after liberation, we needed Stalin’s advisers to help our senior cadres. And especially, in your self-criticism as a member of the Politburo, what you say after 1960, I cannot understand. Then why did they want you to send all those secret documents to the KGB in 1959?! Also, I cannot understand that you, as the Minister of the Interior for nearly 30 years, did not understand this conspiracy when all your subordinates were implicated in it?!
Only with the answer that: “I don’t remember if I gave the order to Llambi Peçin to start the letters of December 1959”, with weak memory and equivocal words, we do not believe in this work. You say that a sick familiarity was formed in the ministry, that the enemies created euphoria, telling me that there is nothing for the Ministry of Internal Affairs to do anymore, that it has made all efforts, so with this self-criticism we do not we understand nothing.
As Comrade Enver instructs us, we must be vigilant against external and internal enemies, but I say that you thought you were immune from their influence. It seems you have forgotten to consistently develop the class struggle. Arrogance leads you to political and ideological mistakes, it makes you not judge issues and problems to be related to each other, while in self-criticism you say that I have caught some problems but I have not dealt with them properly for their decomposition. Memorie.al
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