Memorie.al publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive (fund of the former Central Committee of the ALP), which contain the secret diaries of the former leader of the Albanian Labor Party, Enver Hoxha, who belong to January-February 1961, when the conflicts between the senior leadership of the ALP and official Moscow, were intensified, especially on the eve of the holding of the IV Congress of the ALP. What the former main leader of communist Albania writes in his diaries about the new political line that the Kremlin leader Nikita Khrushchev was following, the process of de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, relations with Albania, as well as official Tirana relations with some of the country’s other Eastern Europe and those of the Marxist-Leninist parties of Western countries, such as Dolores Ibarruri, etc. Along with the secret diaries, Memorie.al publishes some rare photos of Enver Hoxha and the senior leadership of the ALP, where they appeared during their visits to the Soviet Union and some other communist countries of Eastern Europe, such as Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, etc.
“The Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union has been working for five days. The Plenum asked him why he had taken on the appearance of a large cadre rally. Reports are being kept there by all the party secretaries of the Soviet republics, from which it is clear that there are very serious mistakes. in agriculture. But this time Nikita cannot blame Stalin, because he has not only formulated the “new line” in agriculture, but has also led it himself since the day he took power. However, even in this plenum, Nikita has: found and is following another path: he blames the party and the secretaries of the republics for his wrong line. Scandalous! This is not a Marxist working method! Khrushchev intervenes 15-20 times in each discussion and confuses the secretaries, the cadres, the party. Khrushchev is a terrible destroyer of cadres and the party. He only threatens and discredits. And the plenum – “laughs”, that it cannot cry, applauds, listens, while Khrushchev criticizes, thunders, curses, “guides” and “directs”. What Khrushchev is doing is a shameful, anti-Marxist working method, it is destroying the party. When people make mistakes, they should be criticized, but the path that Khrushchev follows is unprecedented. He has put the plenum under his feet, while he has put himself in privileged positions. “No one can criticize him, neither the line he followed, nor his method of working and leading in that great -fair- he has gathered in the hall of the Supreme Soviet.” This is what the former communist leader of Albania, Enver Hoxha, wrote, in the notes kept in his diary dated January 6, 1961, in which the aggravated conflict between the senior leadership of the ALP and that of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, led by Nikita Khrushchev, conflicts which had their origin in the new political line pursued by the then Kremlin leader and mainly the process of de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, which had begun with the Congress of The twentieth century of the Bolshevik Communist Party, where Khrushchev and his supporters began to condemn the ‘individual cult’ of Josif Visarianovich Stalin. Regarding these strained relations between the senior leadership of the ALP and official Moscow, as well as the relations that communist Albania had at that time with some other Eastern European countries, such as Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, East Germany, etc., and some from the main leaders of the Marxist-Leninist communist parties of Western countries, such as Dolores Ibarruri of Spain, etc., know these archival documents published by Memorie.al, where the secret diaries of Enver Hoxha are located. Along with the secret diaries, Memorie.al publishes some rare photos of Enver Hoxha and the senior leadership of the ALP, where they appeared during their visits to the Soviet Union and some other communist countries of Eastern Europe, such as: Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, etc.
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Excerpts from Enver Hoxha’s secret diaries, for the period: January-February 1961
31 JANUARY 1961
LUIXHI LONGOS Slander
I am informed that Luigi Longoja, speaking before the directorate and the Central Committee of the Italian Communist Party, not only distorted the content of the ‘Moscow Declaration’ of 1960, but slandered against our Labor Party, that allegedly our positions at the Meeting of Moscow has violated proletarian internationalism and is guided by personal views. Title slanders are made at a time when the leaders of the Italian Communist Party have not raised anything in their party from the issues raised in the ‘Moscow Declaration’ of November 1960. Such unscrupulous attitudes of the leaders of this party show that they are for an open opportunist and revisionist line, even pro with the Yugoslav revisionists. We are also informed that the old and good comrades of the Central Committee of the Italian Communist Party have defended the Declaration and the principled position of our Labor Party at the Moscow Meeting.
31 JANUARY 1961
WHAT IS HIDDEN BEHIND THIS INFORMATION?
The editor-in-chief of the Soviet newspaper Izvestia, Ajubei, who is Khrushchev’s son-in-law, told a friend of ours in Warsaw that he “had learned in Prague” that Novotny or the second secretary could come to our party’s IV Congress. of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party”. This strange information is not unintentionally made by the Soviets and the leaders of the communist and workers’ parties of other countries of the popular democracy of Europe. We will see how this issue develops later.
FEBRUARY 6, 1961
Comrade Spiro Koleka, who was returning from Beijing, told us about the talks he held there. The Chinese granted us a loan for the five-year period 1961-1965, but four-fifths of it is completely unspecified. This is not a good thing. However, they say that these amounts will be specified later. As far as we understand, the Chinese are afraid that their loans will anger the Soviets, they even think that Khrushchev will not wait for the loans granted to us by the Soviets. However, everything will be clarified later, but we are convinced that the Soviets will not give us anything. Even if they give us, we will not refuse these loans, but the Soviets already already provide loans on terms that are unacceptable to us. We must resolve all these issues with both the Soviet and Chinese delegations, who will come to attend the IV Congress of our Party. As it turns out from the notes kept by Spiro Kolekë, which he handed me today, Chu En Lai’s views on the development of our economy, expressed in conversations with him, are unfair, not at all grounded, pessimistic and not in spirit help. They are, in fact, quite dubious. Let us not rush, let us see where the smoke will come out of this attitude of Chu En Lai. Today, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, informed us that the delegation he will send to attend our Congress, consists of Pospjelov, Andropov and the Soviet ambassador in Tirana, Shikin.
FEBRUARY 7, 1961
ACCORDING TO THE “CARAVAN STAR” DIRECTIVE
Following the announcement made by the Soviets, the Czechs, Bulgarians, Poles, Romanians and East Germans also announced the participation of their delegations in our Congress. As you decide. The “caravan star” is what satellites do. We will wait for them to invite them. Let them hear our strong, true, Marxist-Leninist speech. If you liked it well, if you did not like it, no work spoils us. If they offended us in their greetings, they will get the deserved response.
FEBRUARY 9, 1961
TALKS WITH THE KP DELEGATION OF CHINA
We met in the Central Committee with the delegation of the Communist Party of China led by Li Hsien Nieni, who has come to us to take part in the proceedings of the IV Congress of our Party. He brought us Mao’s greetings, congratulations and thanks. During the conversation, he praised the position of the Albanian Labor Party and introduced us to the general situation in China. Then the Chinese delegation informed us about the conversation he had in Moscow with Kozlov, Suslov and Andropov, when he was on his way to Albania. The Soviets had told the Chinese: “We hope that the IV Congress of the Albanian Labor Party will be the Congress of Friendship”, but had added: “In case the Albanians attack us, we will respond.” As it turned out from the conversation with the Chinese, the Soviets called incorrect the letter we sent to them in early January in response to their request to send a high-level delegation to Moscow, and to the oil specialists, who themselves removed, slandered as if we had expelled them. We rejected the threats and slander of the Soviets and clarified to our Chinese comrades about all these issues.
FEBRUARY 10, 1961
TALKS WITH THE DELEGATION OF THE KOREA LABOR PARTY
In the meeting we had in the Central Committee with the delegation of the Korean Labor Party that has come to attend the Congress, the chairman of this delegation said very good words for our Party. He also told us that the same Ivanov, who was the ambassador of the Soviet Union to you, when he was ambassador to us, in Korea, in 1956, organized the armed counter-revolution together with a revisionist group, to overthrow our leadership. What bandits are these friends of Khrushchev! Like CIA agents, who organize coups around the world.
FEBRUARY 14, 1961
MILITARY CONGRESS, HIGH IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL LEVEL OF THE PARTY
The excellent situation of steel unity that is being presented once again at our IV Congress, has enthused friends and enraged those who do not love us and who openly showed their face with the provocations they tried to carry out in this Congress, primarily the Czech delegate, Barak, the Soviet delegate, the Polish and the Romanian. As for the Bulgarian delegate, he is silent, as is the Hungarian. The Soviet and Chinese delegations spoke from foreign delegations. The Soviets tried to provoke us and organize others against us, but his efforts failed. Congress reacted so wonderfully and so loudly that the provocateurs remained ashamed and the friends astonished and delighted. In the afternoon session, the murder of Patris Lumumba was announced. Congress held a black minute. The DeIegats condemned with deep indignation the crime committed by the Çorrba gangs. At the proposal of a delegate from the district of Korça, the Alarup Mine was named “Patris Lumumba”.
FEBRUARY 15, 1961
KONGRES1 DEMASKING REVISION PROVOCATORS OF SOME FOREIGN DELEGATIONS
Ongoing – discussions about the Central Committee report. They are very good. Revisionist delegations, such as the Czechs, the Soviets, the Greeks, the Romanians, the Poles, the East Germans and the Bulgarians, continue to provoke. But they are being exposed even worse in front of the congressional delegates. In the afternoon session the discussions continued again. The Bulgarian delegate, who took the floor at this session, had a vicious, provocative speech, with disguised insinuations. But Congress also reacted to him wonderfully and cleverly, so all the insinuations turned against him. When he, at the end of his speech, handed over the bust of Dimitrov to the Congress, I thanked him and, on this occasion, raised the figure and the great work of the glorious and unforgettable Dimitrov, the great friend of the Party and of our people. So, the Bulgarian delegate ate a handful of me. The Congress turned these moments into a manifesto with frantic applause for the friendship between the people of Albania and Bulgaria and for the issue for which Dimitrov fought and worked. Behar Shtylla met with the ambassadors of the countries of popular democracy, who briefed them on the Yugoslav-Greek conspiracy against our country, in cooperation with some Albanian traitors inside the country and fugitives in Yugoslavia and in coordination with the Fleet VI -American in the Mediterranean.
FEBRUARY 16, 1961
LOW PROVOCATION OF THE GREEK DELEGATE
Even today the discussions of our delegates in Congress continued. The Greek delegate viciously provoked Congress. On the issue of protecting the southern borders from the danger of the Greek monarcho-fascists and the American VI Fleet, he came out as a supporter of Venizelos and against the position of our Party towards this enemy of the Albanian people. He gave the Greek a well-deserved punch in the eyes of all the foreign delegates, calling him a provocateur. After that, he left the building where the Congress is being held. Let it go! The other revisionists shyly defended it, and all the foreign Marxist-Leninist delegates approved of our position.
FEBRUARY 17, 1961
THE GREETING OF FOREIGN DELEGATIONS CONTINUES
The greeting of foreign delegations continues. The head of the Korean delegation spoke very well, while that of the Vietnamese delegation, even better. This was the best, bravest greeting so far, among the greetings of the delegations participating in Congress. The German and Romanian delegates, who also took the floor, spoke very badly, as do the line of their parties.
FEBRUARY 18, 1961
CONGRESS ALWAYS STAYS AT THE RIGHT HEIGHT
Discussions on the report on the directives of the third five-year plan continue in today’s session. The greeting of foreigners continues. Wonderful was the greeting of the Indonesian. There was applause in the hall. Such are the greetings made by the delegates of the Party of Malaysia, Thailand, Japan and Burma, which also caused great applause. In these days of the work of the Congress of our Party, the vices of the opportunistic group of heads of some foreign delegations, headed by Pospjelov, became clear. But all the members of this group were isolated, they were left alone and confused. The revolutionary spirit of Congress has put them in very difficult positions. She exposes them, but often also forces them to applaud and be stunned. The tactics followed by them are vile and are failing.
FEBRUARY 28, 1961
MEETING WITH THE SOVIET DELEGATION
Today before day we had a meeting with the Soviet delegation that took part in the proceedings of the IV Congress of the Labor Party. By presenting us with some false information of some Soviet specialists and backed by a Czech chess jallan, they accused us of allegedly not loving the Soviet Union. I asked them if they had heard my report to Congress and what I had said there about the Soviet Union. They immediately revealed what they were looking for: They are not happy that we are separating Khrushchev from the Soviet Union. Here are what Khrushchev’s envoys are asking of us! We gave them the deserved answer not only for this issue but also for many other issues. They are intriguing. In this meeting they tended to soften. Let’s see.
FEBRUARY 21, 1961
THE REVISIONISTS WERE LEFT
Almost all the delegations of the countries of popular democracy left our country. The delegations of the communist and workers’ parties of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Hungary, Poland, Cuba, as well as those of Italy and France left. So, all the revisionists left.
FEBRUARY 22, 1961
KNER-I – FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS
I gave instructions to the delegation that will represent our country at the meeting of the Mutual Economic Assistance Council. It will be held in Berlin. Of course, in this meeting, the issues are raised in terms of form, that they, in fact, are resolved outside of it. But we must raise the issue that the Soviets and the Czechs do not want to adjust the contracts provided for our third five-year plan./Memorie.al