Memorie.al/ publishes some archival documents with letters, summonses, orders, tracts, etc., of the main leaders of the three military formations during the war, such as Mit’hat Frashëri of Balli Kombëtar, Abaz Kupi of Legality and Enver Hoxha of the Communist Party , which deals with the fratricidal war between them, which began by the communists in the distant September of 1943, shortly after Enver had broken the Mukje Agreement. All efforts: from armed battles to propaganda with leaflets and communiqués …
Balli does not relinquish power and no one else if he does not seize it by force. The issue of joining Balli is over. “Balli Kombëtar should be unmasked as a reactionary organization and we are moving towards liquidation and not joining it”. This is written, among other things, in some instructions and directives that the Commander-in-Chief of the National Liberation Army, Enver Hoxha, sent to all the Regional Committees of the Communist Party in the distant September of 1943, regarding the position they should take towards National Front and Legality. As can be seen in the following documents issued by the Central State Archive, (some of which are made public for the first time) a conclusion is reached and the thesis thrown after the 1990s is reinforced even more, where It is said that the period of the War (mainly from September 1943 to December 1944) was more of a fratricidal civil war between the Communist Party and the Front for Legality than a war against the Nazi occupiers. And the cause of the beginning of this fratricidal war was the Communist Party led by Enver Hoxha and the two Yugoslav emissaries: Miladin Popovic and Dusan Mugosha, who were the de facto main leaders of the SNP and at the same time the main perpetrators who broke the Mukje Agreement. This thesis, long rejected by many historians, scholars, politicians, etc., etc., is reinforced by the documents published in this article, where Enver Hoxha just a few days after the Mukje Conference, terrified by the idea that he could share power with the nationalist forces, immediately instructs all the District Committees to fight against the National Front of Legality! As well as the documents of the two nationalist leaders of the National Front of Legality, Mithat Frashëri and Abaz Kupi, who call for avoiding the bloodshed and the fratricidal war in which the communists were plotting Albania.
Secret letter of Enver Hoxha
Secret instruction of the General Commander of the National Liberation Army, Enver Hoxha, sent on September 10, 1943 to all the Regional Committees of the SNP.
Death Fascism Freedom People
“Mend We think that with the National Ball it will not be possible to reach an agreement. We also think that Balli has taken a path that will definitely lead to struggle with us, so we must work in the following direction: to unmask and discredit Balli to the people, to present Balli to the people as divisive and the cause of fratricide. To make the people see that the policy of Balli will lead us to struggle with weapons… for the whole people to revolt and thus the whole policy of non-unification of the Albanian people and the attempt with weapons to fall over the National Ball “.
The Instruction of Mit’had Frashëri
Balli Kombëtar. Laikose number 6.
Elbasan too many reserves
Albania of Albanians Death of Traitors
All Provincial Committees
Since our country today is in urgent need of order and discipline, all the committees, commands and detachments of the National Front are ordered to suspend any combat operation against German forces for the time being. Other instructions will be sent to you later. Free Albanian. 7-10-1943.
For the Standing Committee Mithad Frashëri
(A.Q.SH. F. 270 / A.P. V.1943 D.1 f.8)
Enver’s instruction: To hit the Ball
Secret instruction of the Commander-in-Chief of the National Liberation Army, Enver Hoxha, sent on October 1, 1943 to all the Regional Committees of the SNP
“We must intervene and hit the National Ball mercilessly. No hesitation… otherwise we are lost if we act with the heart of a nun. Balli does not relinquish our power and no one else if he does not seize it by force… The issue of joining Balli is over, we are no longer in that period, now Balli must be unmasked as a reactionary organization mine unmasking becomes continuous and we go straight liquidation of Balli and not of joining him. “If he finds an opportunity to settle in a village or town, you must act immediately.”
Letter from Mit’hat Frashëri
Freedom of Albanians Death of traitors
“Today, November 7, 1943, with great sorrow and grief, the Central Committee of the National Front, sadly approved the civil war, do not make any retreat (retreat) before provocations, because these retreats were considered fear and weakness and brought these days blacks of our Nation. We add that before this unfortunate approval, Balli made a final call, 15 days deadline, where he prays for an agreement, but in vain “.
Instruction of the head of Balli, Mit’hat Frashëri
Freedom of Albanians Death of traitors
Free Albanian 12-3-1944.
Central Committee Number 148
Mr. Haziz Biçakut Çermenikë
Since the tragedy of the murder of Haki Blloshmi happened, the Mokrra area has remained unprotected, so please go as soon as possible with a part of your power to Mokra for actions and cleansing, you always left a lot of power in Çermenikë, qi not to happen any surprise. Greetings Chairman (Mithad Frashëri) firm. (A.Q.SH F.270 / A.P. V1944 D.7 f.4)
National Front Youth Treaty
ALBANIA OF ALBANIANS DEATH OF TRAITORS
CALL FOR ALBANIAN COMMUNIST YOUTH
The nationalist youth, in these tragic and crucial moments for our Nation, is addressing you young communists and invites you to unravel some of the disagreements that have emerged and continue to emerge in a hijacked manner. The nervous tension between us has reached its peak. There is not a day that no mutual insults are found. Mukaj’s agreement was broken!? The connection that was made last spring between school institutes does not exist at all!? In short, there is no cooperation! We have always told you openly that we are not waging an ideological war and that we are not a party, but we are affiliated with an organization which fights only for the salvation of the Homeland.
YOUNG COMMUNISTS! We are all the children of this country and as such we have a duty to try to save it. It is not right to see the nationalist as an enemy, even as some of you say, as the number one enemy.
YOUNG COMMUNISTS! Today we are announcing to all of you young communists that our dispute has begun to provoke fratricide and at the same time is pleasing the German occupier, who by taking advantage of this quarrel will extend the days of his stay in our Homeland. Come, O young communists, let us make a single bloc, let us make a common guard either in the village or in the city. Let’s join forces. Let us give up quarrels so that no enemy can break us. Ask for Mukaj’s agreement which is the most ideal expression of the unity of the Albanian people: that agreement that we all young people wanted and that our push and persistence hastened! Hurry up, because as you can see, terrible and tragic things will happen here!
YOUTH OF THE NATIONAL FRONT
From the mountains of Free Albania
12 October 1943
(A.Q.SH. F.270 / A.P. V.1943 D.14 f.4)
Abaz Kupi’s letter sent to Mehmet Shehu
Dear friend Mehmet Shehi
I have been telling you for a long time that in the province of Shëngjergj with Osman Mema, Ramazan Hoxha Shemri, Ibrahim Durrësin Shëngjergj, Qamil Hidër Muçën, Derje, and others, are my friends who have an agreement with me, as our interest is the same e common for a purpose of each person should be left free to act at his own will. So, you should advise tan friends not to cause any disagreement.
Greetings Abaz Kupi
Abaz Kupit tract
Calls to the Albanian people and all Albanian political parties
Our dear Albania is drowned in blood and horror: it is plunged into anarchy, a fratricide, a catastrophe. The homeland is in danger! Our existence is undergoing the greatest shock of history. This danger cannot be removed until the divided and divided Albanians all unite around a single goal: “Salvation of Albania!” The drama of the current situation is incomparable with any tragedy that our country has overcome, and this is shocking us, and it is ready to overthrow and destroy the remaining foundations of the Albanian ruins. We must put an end to this situation! We must all unite and say to the mourners of our country, “Stop!” and “enough is enough!” Let go of passion, fear, sympathy, and antipathy. Let these be forgotten. Let us extend our hand to each other because only an embodiment of such forces can ensure the salvation of Albania and the salvation from the eternal disappearance of the Albanian people! Ideologies, political currents, local antagonisms, personal grievances, political passions must be avoided until we overcome the abyss of danger and until the salvation of Albania is ensured!
Villages that burn, houses that are destroyed, roads and bridges that are destroyed, cannot be repaired with the money of foreign peoples, but with our toil and sweat. The daily average between the killed and the wounded among the sons of our country is horrible and this fratricide makes no sense! Why is this blood shed? Only to be destroyed! Unity is imposed on us by the interest of the Homeland, because if we do so, not only our friends but also our enemies will be forced to honor us more. This is the way of salvation and happiness, so may God help us and let us unite as soon as possible to cut off any danger that may come our way. We are in fratricide! The Albanian is fighting against the Albanian! What a misfortune! The wounds inflicted on us by our enemies were not enough, they are inflicting and we are inflicting new wounds. To the murders committed by the enemies we are adding murders that we are committing with our own hands. We are demolishing houses; we are demolishing villages. We magnify the misery of our people! We will weep all together when we realize that this quarrel and fratricide will not bring profit to either side, but only the destruction of the Homeland. Alas, then it will be too late! History tells us that every generation of a people has a difficult task to fulfill when it comes to race, this time it is up to us to complete it. Any misunderstanding or disagreement or disagreement between us can be resolved wisely, at the right time, but in carrying out this burden we must be together and shake hands with each other with love and a pure heart! I have always been of the opinion for a general union and I have always tried to implement this opinion and this effort by avoiding, as far as possible, the unwanted fratricide and condemnation of the Albanian people! I am more than sure that all Albanians with tears in their eyes demand this sincere union of all Albanian Political Organizations for the reconciliation of hearts, for the prohibition of fratricidal murder that is so bloody and harmful, therefore for the sake of the Homeland I call on the Albanian people and all the political parties of Albania, to try to achieve a general union because the need for very critical moments commands this and the interest of the Homeland imposes this!/Memorie.al
From the mountains of Albania.
VIII-26 1944. ABAZ KUPI
(A.Q.SH. F.270 / 1 A. P. Years 1944 D.10 p.4.)