Part thirty six
Memorie.al/publishes some archival documents extracted from the Central State Archive in Tirana (the fund of the former PPSh Central Committee), which belong to the year 1982, where there is a file with relations, reports, instructions, information, letters, minutes of meetings of the Political Bureau, the Secretariat of the Central Committee, etc., regarding the “hostile activity” of the member of the Political Bureau and the Minister of People’s Defense, Kadri Hazbiu, as well as some of his closest collaborators, such as : Feçor Shehu, Mihallaq Ziçishti, Llambi Peçini, Zoi Themeli, etc., who were accused by Enver Hoxha, as “the main collaborators of the police agent Mehmet Shehu”. In the file in question, there is also a document with Kadri Hazbi’s self-criticism, dated September 27, 1982, sent to Enver Hoxha and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, regarding “his poor work at the head of the Ministry of of Internal Affairs and the lack of vigilance, for not detecting hostile groups, all of which the party and Comrade Enver had discovered”. In this document, the former head of the Ministry of the Interior writes: “From the beginning of September, when I was getting my hair cut, a driver who works with the transport lines abroad came to me and told me that, returning from abroad, the drivers they had spoken badly about my fate. I didn’t ask him what he had been told, but I told him to go and report it where it should be. He added in more detail that he had spoken to the companion who stays with me, which I ordered him to report. He told me that he had done this. I don’t know whether I told him about this case or not, friend Hekuran. After a few days when I returned from a 3-4 day service, my family told me for the first time that they are taking us on the phone and so on, in meetings they ask about you, where are you and how are you, because we have heard things not good, as if we have escaped as a family abroad, as if I have been dismissed from my position as Minister of Defense, etc. I told you that anyone who asks about us, you say we are fine and don’t engage in further conversation. I emphasize that these things have spread so much that even one of the workers who serves in my family left without expecting that something is happening with me and my family. All these things, I told my friend Ramiz, together with my opinion that there is not enough fight against these harmful slogans and that they are spreading from Tirana in the first place”. Likewise, the document in question also contains the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity of Kadri Hazbi” from the period after the war when he was in the position of Chief of Army Security, which has brought fierce debates, they all discussed, starting from: Adil Çarçani, Hekuran Isai, Simon Stefani, Manush Muftiu, Rita Marko, Prokop Murra, Photo Çami, Lenka Çuko, Pali Miska, Besnik Bekteshi, Muho Asllani and Llambi Gegprifti. Even the debates and strong tones in that meeting were not absent between Enver Hoxha and Kadri Hazbiu, which continued throughout the meeting, for several sessions. But for more about these, we know the document, which is published for the first time by Memorie.al
Continues from last issue
The document with the minutes of the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PPSh, held on October 8, 1982, where the “hostile activity” of Kadri Hazbi was analyzed
ALBANIAN LABOR PARTY TOP SECRET
OF THE MEETING OF THE POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE PPS CENTRAL COMMITTEE ON OCTOBER 8, 1982
- Discussion on the serious words of friend Kadri Hazbiu
- Approval of the report on transport to the plenum
All members of the Political Bureau are present at the meeting.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MEETING
The meeting was opened and led by the first secretary of the Central Committee of the PPS, Comrade Enver Hoxha.
Discussion on the serious crimes of comrade Kadri Hazbiu.
COMRADE QIRJAKO MIHALI: I don’t want to talk about everyone, because I don’t know how they are and what they are not, but reflecting on the materials that were made available to us, these statements of yours fall flat. Regarding the relations with the Soviet advisers you say that you did not agree on their information. Then how this is explained that under your order, you made available to Soviet Intelligence many important and highly secret materials of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, up to the depositions of Liri Gega, Dhora Leka, etc. And to this information, you give an explanation that makes you very suspicious?! You say that you opposed putting people without biographical guarantees in important places?! If that is the case then, why didn’t you say that a man who had been put in the service of Soviet Intelligence should not be appointed Director of the Operational Directorate or Commander of the Military Academy?!
In one place you say that: “The absence of Comrade Hysni at this time, when such important issues are being discussed, makes it difficult to clarify many of them”?! I don’t understand what you mean by that?! Don’t you want to say that you notified friend Hysni and he approved, or that you received orders from him to act like this?! Such an action does not excuse you, as we know the correctness and partiality of friend Hysni. And you can’t stain that. In another place you speak of having encountered the weaknesses these enemies had in their character.
If that was the case then, why did you give consent for Feçor Shehu to become the Minister of Internal Affairs?! You nurtured nostalgia for Fecor Shehu, which was noticed when he was removed as minister and appointed deputy minister. Besides, I don’t believe what you say that you didn’t have the alert, about the moral side of it, which came out today and here. The hostile activity of Mehmet Shehu, and of some of his collaborators in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, was covered up for a long time since some orders of Comrade Enver, which were given after the discovery and unmasking of the group of Beqir Ballukut.
In these orders it is expressly stated: “The authorities of the dictatorship must investigate in detail and in depth the hostile work of these bandits, the internal and external connections, the forms and methods they have used in these directions. The breadth of the conspiracy, as far as its threads of organization goes, inside and outside the army, inside and outside the homeland”. Based on these facts that we have, I am of the opinion that Kadri Hazbiu has a heavy responsibility and as such, he does not justify and does not deserve to keep the places he has in the leadership of the Party and the state. I agree that the measures that the comrades said should be taken.
COMRADE MANUSH MYFTIU: I will not be long, Comrade Enver, and I agree with the opinions of my friends, but I was very impressed by Kadri Hazbiu’s self-criticism. I tried to find out where he sees his own responsibility in this self-criticism, where he tries more to justify himself than to help, even in this case the Party, when he appealed to you. Therefore, I condemn the activity of Kadri Hazbi, and I call on him to delve even more into what his friends told him, that he is guilty of all of them and did not do them out of ignorance, lack of vigilance, not understanding the Party line, but with full conscience and many things are now becoming clear to us.
Then I want to emphasize what impressed me too, that today you throw mud at Comrade Hysni, no one accepts this, Comrade Kadri. All of us have known comrade Hysni’s partisanship and his correctness for as long as we have worked with him. On the contrary, what you say about friend Hysni throws mud at you. Therefore, I agree with what my friends proposed for you.
COMRADE PROKOP MURRA: Like my friends, I also read the material. From the phrases it appears as if Comrade Kadri is doing things like lightning to fill our minds that he feels the heavy responsibility for what happened where he worked. But for the main essential issues, he skims over them, do not give explanations, even as his comrades said, he also makes accusations about the Central Committee and Comrade Hysni. But how can such a serious issue pass by the wise and gentle, and where can it pass without, here in the Political Bureau and the Central Committee?! Today, every honest and patriotic citizen asks himself: What about Comrade Kadri, what did he do during these 35 years that he worked there?! They even have the right to ask questions, give judgments, and make evaluations.
You, Kadri, round off the issues with a lack of vigilance. That there was a lack of vigilance, it is understandable, but why don’t you tell us why it happened and where is the source?! Who put this spirit in there?! Who put you to sleep?! All these questions are not answered by you. In your material, you say that the Party and Comrade Enver discovered the main enemies, while the State Security discovered the secondary ones. As a conclusion, this is right, but now this thing is known, so from you, we expected more clarifications, why this happened?! They were not known, or they were not given, and who did not give these?! The self-criticism you have done is not enough and there is no way to be complete when in the presentation of thoughts you state that, from this point of view, you now see the poor work in the detection of the agency, as well as in your shallow fight in the investigator , and in the development of the process.
How can you say that you have not seen the work in these two important sectors of the Ministry of the Interior?! Then you dealt with the police?! How did you come to this conclusion when the Party has encountered a number of hostile groups, including enemy elements that you had in the ministry, who called on you saying: Go deeper? To say that you don’t know, to say that you didn’t know anything, this is excluded, that’s why we ask for explanations from you, since you are not as low as you try to present yourself.
Regarding the secret materials that were given to the Soviet Union, I think, like all my comrades, that this is a completely impermissible action. Trying to justify it, that you had uncertainties about how far these relations would extend, this is not accepted. You asked for approved regulations for every sector and enterprise, and for these sectors that are so important for the life of the country, you as a minister, why didn’t you make an effort to prepare the regulation to be clearer?!
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: No, maybe we shouldn’t have prepared them.
COMRADE PROKOP MURRA: Well, let’s prepare them.
COMRADE ENVER HOXHA: As for the regulations, we prepare them for you.
COMRADE PROKOP MURRA: Then, as the comrades said, it is not the case that this practice was until 1953. The number of Soviet advisers increased after 1953, when Comrade Kadri became minister. Similarly, the materials sent to the Soviets increased and this practice continued after 1953, even until 1961. I, too, am saying exactly what the comrades said. Well, at that time it was done as it was, but in 1963, when you knew how our relations with the Soviets were, and even more so that you were in the Political Bureau, why didn’t you find time to go to Comrade Enver and were you telling him that this was the level of our relations with the Soviets?!
Even on the matter of friend Hysni, I agree with what the friends said. If the issue is raised about the absence of Comrade Hysni, which prevents something, then it prevents the Party from further clarifying Kadri’s activity and the hostile activity of enemy elements, because for Comrade Hysni, everything is clear to us that they were given here and figures and notes, by friend Hysni.
The self-criticism you do about Feçor Shehu, saying that you feel responsible for approving him as a minister, which you did in the Political Bureau that now you know his other weaknesses, there is no reason to self-criticize that you approved him. You tell us that the Political Bureau that approved it is responsible, but we tell you that if you knew something about it and did not tell the Party then, you have a heavy responsibility. But you don’t say that either. We discuss here, about what is proposed to us and when we have any remarks, we say so, while when we don’t know anything, we approve it.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: I did the self-criticism and I should have been more vigilant in this matter.
COMRADE PROKOP MURRA: Well, why don’t you say what Feçori had, that you knew a lot about him and didn’t tell the Party? Otherwise, you have no reason to self-criticize because we all approved it. Ah, if only you were more vigilant?!
COMRADE RITA MARKO: Not you, Kadri, you knew Feçor’s weaknesses and you didn’t tell us, from immorality to all the others.
COMRADE PROKOP MURRA: In your writings, there is no mention at all of the Party Committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and of the Secretaries of the Party Committee. I think that if you had gone a little deeper, you would have found problems there. Bato Karafili killed himself and we have no way of asking him, but it is known that he masked all the many weaknesses of Feçor Shehu. I don’t know how he killed himself, but I think he didn’t kill himself like a good man. However, you do not say a word about the connections you had with him. Regarding the breakdown of the materials of the 6th Plenum of the Central Committee, I would like to say that the materials that I have read are very current even today. And you don’t say anything, except for the case that you read that night.
COMRADE KADRI HAZBIU: Which one?!
COMRADE PROKOP MURRA: The materials of the 6th Plenum of the Central Committee, which you say you were analyzing. They are still current today, even the site. If you have time, read pages 84-87 where the Ministry of Internal Affairs is mentioned. Comrade Enver, in this plenum, talks at length about the role of the Party in these bodies, while you have not evaluated them, nor have you analyzed them, although…! Memorie.al
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